Via: National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan
From: Mesfin Mekonen and 10 concern Ethiopian/American civic organizations
Re: Averting civil war in Ethiopia
Mr. President, I am writing as a longtime representative of the Ethiopian-American community to alert you to the imminent danger of a civil war in Ethiopia. I often corresponded with your staff when you served as Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
Tensions between the central government and the Amhara people have boiled over and have already resulted in armed conflict. If it is not stopped soon, the violence will grow into a civil war that will destabilize Ethiopia and spread to the entire Horn of Africa. The U.S. has a moral obligation to avert the war and protect human rights.
The U.S. must step in rapidly to facilitate a transition to a legitimate government and advocate for a process that will lead to a new constitution for Ethiopia. The conflict between the Amhara and the central government originates in the divide-and-rule and ethnic federalism created by the TPLF government and retained by the government of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmad Ali.
The ethnic federalism imposed by the Abiy government is putting the country on a rapid downward spiral into violence that could soon spin out of control. The Oromo Liberation Army, along with the regional government in Ethiopia’s Wollega region, have massacred Amhara people and displaced over two million Amharas.
We, the Ethiopian-American civic organizations, ask the United States to help avert the civil war in Ethiopia before it is too late.
Ethiopian-Americans met on November 6 in the U.S. Senate Russell building, Kennedy Caucus Historic Room for the Ethiopia Constitutional Conference of the Diaspora, organized by ten concerned civic organizations:
- Ethiopian American Civic Council (EACC)
- Ethiopian Survival Salvation Association (ESSA)
- Unity for Ethiopia
- Ethiopian Advocacy Network (EAN)
- Horn of Africa Peace Development Center (HAPDC)
- Ethiopian American Community (EAC)
- Ethiopian Dialogue Forum (EDF)
- Global Amhara Coalition (GAC)
- Global Alliance for the Rights of Ethiopians (GARE)