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Ethiopia’s Child Malnutrition Seen by WFP Costing $3 Billion

Bloomberg News
By Rudy Ruitenberg

Ethiopia’s child malnutrition costs the country an estimated 55.5 billion birr ($3 billion) a year, or 16.5 percent of gross domestic product, according to a study backed by the United Nations’ World Food Programme.

More than two out of every five children in Ethiopia suffer from stunting, meaning they’re short for their age after missing out on critical nutrients while in the womb or the first five years of their lives, the Rome-based WFP wrote in an online report dated yesterday.

Child mortality has reduced Ethiopia’s workforce by 8 percent, and under-nutrition costs the country billions of dollars every year in lost productivity, according to the WFP. Of the adult population, 67 percent suffered from stunting as children, the report showed.

“Nutrition interventions aimed at mothers and children together with programs to boost agriculture have left millions of Ethiopian families healthier and better able to feed themselves,” the WFP wrote. “However, the lasting effects of malnutrition still weigh heavily on the Ethiopian economy.”

The African Union Commission has backed studies in 12 countries to analyze the impact of hunger on the continent. In Egypt, child malnutrition costs an estimated 1.9 percent of GDP, while in Uganda it’s about 5.6 percent.

To contact the reporter on this story: Rudy Ruitenberg in Paris at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Claudia Carpenter at

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