Today: June 13, 2024

EMBARGOED: Ethiopia: Authorities must investigate massacre of ethnic Amhara in Tole

July 19, 2022

Under Strict Embargo Until Thursday, 21 July 2022 at 00:01 GMT

The Ethiopian authorities must urgently launch an impartial investigation into the summary killing of over 400 Amhara residents of Tole Kebele in Oromia region on 18 June, Amnesty International said today.

Hundreds of people were killed and scores injured in an attack that survivors and victims’ family members say was committed by the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA).

The organization interviewed 10 people, including five eyewitnesses as well as survivors, victims’ family members and a local official. Interviewees consistently recounted summary killings, burning of homes and looting. Satellite imagery analysis by the organization’s Crisis Evidence Lab also corroborates claims that fires erupted in villages in Tole Kebele on 18 June.

“These horrific killings in Tole, allegedly at the hands of the Oromo Liberation Army, reveal its perpetrators’ utter disregard for human life. This callous massacre, which also saw women and children lose their lives, must be independently and effectively investigated,” said Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa.

“Ethiopian authorities must leave no stone unturned in ensuring that the perpetrators of these killings are brought to justice in fair trials.”

‘They suddenly came and attacked us’

The attack began at around 9am on 18 June after many adults in the area had left home to work on farms or take care of other business, according to nine witnesses who told Amnesty International they were in Tole or on the outskirts of the area as the attack unfolded. Witnesses said OLA forces surrounded villages in the locality, before a gunshot signaled the start of the attack. Most of those who had stayed behind in the villages were mothers and children who were unable to flee the attackers.

All of the witnesses Amnesty International interviewed said they lost multiple relatives in the massacre, most of whom were women and children.

Jamila*, who survived the attack after sustaining bullet wounds, told Amnesty International that: “I was on the farm ploughing around 9 am when they suddenly came and attacked us. They hit me with bullets, and they slaughtered my husband. I was lying among six dead bodies until I was rescued. They slaughtered my husband with banga. The others were killed with banga and bullet.”

Hussein*, a 64-year-old relative of victims in the attack, told Amnesty International he lost 22 children and grandchildren. He said he ran for his life when the shooting started, as the women and children stayed at home assuming they would be spared. He said: “They killed 42 people at one place. There was only one adult male among them, the rest were women and children. We found their bodies piled up at one place. Among those dead were newborns. Among those 42, 22 of them are my children and grandchildren. One of my daughters died with her five children, the other one with four, the other with five, the other with two children, one newlywed daughter and one boy.”

Jemal*, a local administration official, lost his three children and his wife, who was seven months pregnant. He said: “As I was searching [for] them on the street and [in] the bushes… I found 28 dead bodies in addition to my wife and children. I found them in the compound of the Silsaw Mosque.”

He added: “At Chekorsa [neighborhood], 104 people were killed. Only five of them are male adults. The rest are women and children. At Silsaw neighborhood, 112 people were killed… many of the victims were children, even newborns and toddlers.” He said their bodies were riddled with bullets.

Abdi*, a resident who was on his farm when the attack happened, said: “My farm is a bit far and I couldn’t return home since the attackers blocked the route to the village. I was watching from a nearby hill. The attack started around 8:30am and continued until around 3pm in our village. In other villages they stayed until 4 and 5pm.”

According to witnesses, some residents who stayed in the villages were armed, but they were outnumbered by the OLA fighters and unable to defend themselves. Most of those killed were unarmed women and children.

Witnesses said they knew the attackers were OLA fighters because of their distinctive long braided hair, their military camouflage, and because they spoke the Oromiffa language. They also said that the OLA had operated in the area for at least four years.

A local administrative official interviewed by Amnesty International said at least 450 people were killed in the attack.

‘They torched the house of my neighbour’

In addition to the mass killing of Amhara residents, OLA fighters also burned homes and looted cattle, cash and cereals from houses.

Dawud* said he witnessed OLA forces attacking his neighbour: “They also torched the house of my neighbour [Shambel Mohammed] while the family with his children and grandchildren and others were inside (12 people in total). One of them was seven months pregnant and was with her two children. They were buried in the compound since they were completely charred.”

Another witness, Abdi*, said the attackers looted four oxen and ETB 70,000 cash (approximately $1000USD) from his home.

“This is not the first time that ethnic Amhara residents have been attacked in Oromia region. The Ethiopian government must protect ethnic Amhara in Oromia from unlawful killings and other human rights abuses,” said Deprose Muchena.

Authorities failed to respond

According to a local official interviewed by Amnesty International, the attack was immediately reported to district and zonal officials, who said they were unable to respond because the road was closed.

Government forces did not intervene during the five-hour period in which the perpetrators killed residents and burned and pillaged homes in Tole, according to nine witnesses. Gimbi town, where the local district administration is based, is just 49kms away from Tole by road.

Residents said government forces arrived hours after OLA fighters had left; survivors were already collecting the bodies of their relatives.

“The pervasive culture of impunity in Ethiopia is driving cycles of violence. The authorities must urgently order a credible and independent investigation into all atrocities committed in the country and facilitate access for the International Commission of Human Rights Experts established by the UN Human Rights Council,” said Deprose Muchena.


The Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) armed group splintered from the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) after the OLF entered politics in 2018. Government authorities refer to OLA as OLF Shane. Since 2018, there have been frequent armed confrontations between OLA forces and government forces in western and southern Oromia.

Amnesty International has previously documented attacks on ethnic Amhara, allegedly carried out by OLA forces. However, OLA officials repeatedly rejected allegations of abuses by their forces including the attack in Tole and instead blame government forces.

*Names concealed to protect their identities.

For more information or to arrange an interview please contact Amnesty International’s press office on:

Tel: +44 20 7413 5566
Email: press@amnesty.org
Twitter: @amnestypress




  1. At last Amnesty International has decided to be a voice for the victims. Congratulations!

    “Witnesses said they knew the attackers were OLA fighters because of their distinctive long braided hair, their military camouflage, and because they spoke the Oromiffa language.”

    However, it is very suspect to observe Amnesty International as a novice in this Amhara genocide business in Oromia when it tries to blame just OLA and ask the government to carry out impartial investigation. Everybody knows the OPDO-led government has its hands deep in this. What the witnesses said above would not exclude the government forces from being the culprits in the massacre.
    The lapse between the massacre and the government forces arriving at the scene has been explained by many as the time required by the government forces that put on wigs and OLA camouflage for the attack to take off the wig and change back to Oromia Special Police uniforms.

    While the OLF is known to have a history of perpetrating Amhara civilian massacres since its set foot on
    Ethiopian soil four decades ago at Asosa (the Aossa Massacre), the last four years of Amhara ethnic cleansing massacres in Oromia are known to have deep government support. Why Amnesty International wanted to gloss over this is strange, especially in light of the fact that an Oromo member of parliament explicitly named Oromia Region authorities as the enablers of the genocide.

  2. Amnesty International:

    Thanks a million times!!!!!! Finally, the death of Amharas is considered as the death of human beings. The genocide of Amharas in the hands of TPLF fascists for more than 30 years and, since the last four years, by fascist abiy ahmed
    and his OLF comrades has been ignored by all human right organizations. Now, finally, the time has come.
    We will appeal to Amnesty International to investigate AMHARA GENOCIDE in Metekel (in particular the time at which more than 300 Amharas were buried together), Maikadra (in the hands of TPLF fascists called samri), Shashemene, Western arusi and Harrerghe (by the time jawar mohammad called for his foot soldiers in the name of kero) and in the devil land wollega (horo gudru, gimbi, tole and more than 10 other places.

    Amharas will leave no stone unturned until abiy ahmed, gimmelis abdissa, jawar mohammad, the dictator of benshangul, debresiol and others go to ICRC.

    Truth may be buried but only for a while. The soul of every massacred Amhara calls for justice.

  3. When hundreds were killed in a war zone, Amnesty international cried foul! it called for an international investigation. When thousands of unarmed civilians, mostly women and children, are killed because of their ethnicity, Amnesty international wants to appease the criminal and ask it to investigate its work, a genocide, impartially. For this, Amnesty international should change its name and be called Travesty international.

    Travesty; a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.

  4. This is a small fruit of our campaign. If every concerned citizen wrote to agencies such as the Amnesty International, genocide watch, MPS, etc. for the sake of justice. it would have been easier to wake them up much earlier. Instead of doing that, everybody was sleeping and that would be shame on us. Let us wake up and campaign to save lives and the Country.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

The smell of genocide
Previous Story

The smell of genocide

UN rights experts due in Ethiopia next week
Next Story

UN rights experts due in Ethiopia next week

Latest from Blog

The Horn of Africa States the Wealth Within

Dr. Suleiman walhad June 8th, 2024 Banks are more than holders and custodians of the monies of governments and the rich. They are also more than intermediaries facilitating transactions among them and
Go toTop