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WJP RULE OF LAW INDEX 2014: Ethiopia Ranks 88th Out Of 99 Countries Overall

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WJP RULE OF LAW INDEX 2014 SURVEYS GLOBE ON GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY, CRIME, FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS, ACCESS TO JUSTICE, AND MORE – ETHIOPIA RANKS 88TH OUT OF 99 COUNTRIES OVERALL

 NEW YORK – Ethiopia ranks 88th globally and 14th among 18 Sub-Saharan African countries in overall rule of law performance, according to the World Justice Project’s WJP Rule of Law Index 2014. Denmark (Western Europe and North America), Uruguay (Latin America and the Caribbean), Botswana (Sub-Saharan Africa), New Zealand (East Asia and Pacific), Georgia (Eastern Europe and Central Asia), Sri Lanka (South Asia), and the United Arab Emirates (Middle East and North Africa) led in their respective regions.

 According to the report, “Ethiopia ranks 88th this year and occupies the bottom half of the rankings among low-income countries in most dimensions. Despite important gains in the area of security (ranking 73rd overall), the country still faces significant challenges across most of the areas covered by the Index. Accountability is weak by regional standards, ranking 91st globally and second to last in the region, and the performance of regulatory agencies and courts lags behind that of its regional peers. The country also has a poor record in protecting fundamental rights, ranking 94th globally and second to last in the region. Of greatest concern are restrictions limiting freedom of speech and assembly, as well as illegal detentions, and due process violations. The criminal justice system, although not without problems, performs slightly better than those of other countries in the region.”

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 The Index relies on over 100,000 household and expert surveys to measure how the rule of law is experienced in everyday life around the world. Performance is assessed through 44 indicators organized around 8 themes: constraints on government powers, absence of corruption, open government, fundamental rights, order and security, regulatory enforcement, civil justice, and criminal justice. More than 500 variables are computed to produce these indicators for every country.

 “Effective rule of law helps reduce corruption, alleviate poverty, improve public health and education, and protect people from injustices and dangers large and small,” said William H. Neukom, WJP Founder and CEO. “Wherever we come from, the rule of law can always be strengthened.”

 Key findings for the Sub-Saharan Africa region (includes Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe):

·         Strengths: The Sub-Saharan African region’s best performances are in the areas of constraints on the government power and delivery of civil justice. In these two areas the region’s average rank is similar to most other regions in the world.

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·         Rule of law challenges: Sub-Saharan Africa faces multiple rule of law challenges. Crime and vigilante justice are widespread, corruption is prevalent in all branches of government and in the police and the military, and the legal system is not accessible to the ordinary citizen. Deficient protection of the rights to life and security of the person, and due process of law, are also areas of concern in this region.

·         Best and worst performers: The best overall rule of law performers in the region are Botswana and Ghana, ranking 25th and 37th globally. The worst is Zimbabwe, ranking 97th among the 99 countries included in the Index.

·         Trends to watch: Overall, the region did not experience a noticeable increase or decline during the past year in the level of adherence to the rule of law. Individually, Cameroon improved the most, while Madagascar saw the biggest deterioration. There was no significant improvement in reducing the levels of corruption throughout the entire region.

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Ethiopia rankings (1 is best):

 

OVERALL GLOBAL RANK: 88/99

OVERALL REGIONAL RANK: 14/18

 

FACTOR GLOBAL RANK REGIONAL RANK INCOME RANK
Constraints on Government Powers

91/99

17/18

14/16

Absence of Corruption

56/99

5/18

2/16

Open Government

94/99

16/18

13/16

Fundamental Rights

94/99

17/18

14/16

Order and Security

73/99

8/18

9/16

Regulatory Enforcement

89/99

14/18

10/16

Civil Justice

85/99

16/18

12/16

Criminal Justice

46/99

4/18

3/16

A copy of the full Index, including Ethiopia’s full country profile and global key findings, can be downloaded at: worldjusticeproject.org/rule-of-law-index

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