What next : Abiy Ahmed nominated as chairman of Ethiopia’s regime.

5 mins read

By Mikael Arage 29/03/2018

“ Three different friends in Addis who happen to have friends who co-worked, studied and grew up with Abiy described him as a very fair, just, rational, scientific, polygot and friendly person.”

Ethiopia’s ruling dictatorial regime —EPRDF— which is a coalition of four parties organized ethnically nominated Abiy Ahmed(PHD) for premiership.

After the fall of the previous regime, Abiy, 42, became a child soldier in the now Ethiopian National Defense Force , and later he worked in the notorious Ethiopian intelligence and communications department. Polygot Abey grew up in a family with two religions and ethnicity with his father, Ahmed Ali, being an Oromo Muslim and his mother being an Amhara Christian from Wello. Abiy is a christian , and is married to an Amhara christian who he met while he was serving in the Ethiopian Defense Forces. They have three daughters together. Given his multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multi-lingual background , Abiy stands a good chance of addresing the grievances of the Amhara and Oromo community , which together makes up more than 70% of the population of Ethiopia, orthogonally.

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Three different friends in Addis who happen to have friends who co-worked, studied and grew up with Abiy described him as a very fair, just, rational, scientific, polygot and friendly person.

Although Abiy’s nomination is an inter-regime matter, and that it has nothing to do with a change to democracy in Ethiopia, I would like to congratulate him for a glimmer of hope that he’ll be a slightly different captain in leading the country to a new direction.

The nomination of Dr Abey, OPDO has come as a surprise after the dupty prime minister from ANDM — Demeke Mekonnen—declined to accept a bid for the chairmanship of EPRDF in the last minutes. ANDEM and OPDO have unanimously voted for Dr Abiy who is the most competent of the three candidates in the race . TPLF, which is the source and architect of tyranny in the country, didn’t cast a single vote for Abiy while SEPDM casted only a little over a dozen. It’s evident that more than half of SEPDM , and nearly all TPLF, conspired in vain to nominate Shiferaw Shigute, SEPDM instead.

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We’ll get to know if Abiy is yet another trojan puppet , or real, in only couple of days after his inauguration ; that he would take new, pragmatic, directions to democracy. Should they have the courage, it’s evident that Abiy, OPDO , Demeke, ANDEM, Gedu, ANDEM and Lemma, OPDO have more synergy, communion, internal support and people power to do the things that matter most wholeheartedly.

We, the people, expect in the coming couple of days that :

—The state of emergency will be lifted immediately.

—All political prisoners will be released immediately.

—Amharic Linguistic rights of the majority of the residents in Debreziet, Nazreth, Jimma and etc will be restored to state 1991 immediately based on census 2007 or 1991.

— Media will be freed immediately.

—The border of Addis Ababa will be marked in bold immediately.

—National grand projects will be audited immediately.

—Anole monument will be demolished.

—Relocate those displaced as a result of Oromo-Somali conflict immediately.

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—State finance system will be audited immediately.

—Ethiopia’s Foreign diplomatic staffs will be shuffled immediately.

—National reconciliation committee will be instituted immediately.

—National Transitional Board will be instituted , and its holistic framework for transition to democracy will be pitched, augmented and buzzed through the state media.

— The justice system will be instituted anew.

—The national election board will be instituted a new.

—Ethiopia’s Central Statistics Authority will be checked and balanced.

—Wolkiet, Kabtiya , Humera , Raya, Alamata, Metekel and all annexed regional areas will be restored to the Amhara regional state immediately.

—That Intel will be instituted anew.

—That Grand corruption will be taken top down, bottom up and horizontally.

—That Federal power will be fair and balanced.

—Military leadership will be renewed.

—That the disproportionate tax paid by the city of Addis to the Federal government will be earmarked for addressing exacerbating urban destitution in the chartered city.

Meanwhile, the struggle will/must continue as long as what’s outlined above isn’t delivered as a mater of practically.

2 Comments

  1. Now that OPDO got PM post and ANDM deputy , I SUGGEST DISTRIBUTION OF POWER AS FOLLOWS ,

    Foregin minster -Tigrai
    President – Gambela
    Speaker of the house – HARARI
    Minster of defence – E.somali

  2. Look, guys!

    My understanding is that the role of a prime minister is highly exaggerated by people who are unable to see the inherent weakness in the system. You should realize that the position is circulated among four organizations via assignment.

    We should try everything possible to break a trend that has been established in the last twenty years in violation of the constitution first to get a responsible government.

    If you are not aware, the Constitution provides the following in its article 38(3).

    “Elections to positions of responsibility within any of the organizations referred to under sub-Article 2 of this Article (viz. political organizations, labour unions, trade organizations, or employers’ or professional associations) shall be conducted in a free and democratic manner.”

    As I indicated within brackets, the Constitutions sanctions “elections to positions of responsibility” in political organizations which is to be conducted in a free and democratic manner. Positions of responsibility in political organizations are essentially about positions of leadership.

    I truly believe that free and democratic elections of political leaders as required by the Constitution is unknown in our country. Leaving the legal opposition aside, let me see the practices of OPDO -TPLF-EPRDF. There is no open nomination and debate on matters relevant to the country among prospective leaders. Without departing from their organizational program, there are issues that candidates could have presented and debated to get support of members and supporters and of the general public.

    I feel that democracy is about debating issues and giving opportunity for the idea that has won support of the majority to be implemented. The person who authors the winning idea is the one who takes over. And this is to be done in a free manner. I have not seen or heard of any debate on issues and free election of leaders within OPDO -TPLF-EPRDF. And that’s one of the reasons the party has problem reforming itself or accept reform in the country.

    OPDO-TPLF/EPRDF lack internal democracy and open exchange of ideas and debate. Centralism is excessively applied to the extent that members muzzle themselves from discussing ideas. Article 38 was intended to limit such a development in the political sphere and emphasize that the public has interest and right to know internal workings of political organizations.

    The leaders of the regional organizations viz. TPLF, OPDO, ANDM, Southern organization are elected by a small number of people from the central or executive committee of the respective organizations without the involvement of the rank and file members via representatives.

    Another small group of people that come from these organizations elect the leader to the EPRDF who then becomes the prime minster of the country. In reality, the fate of the prime minister is dependent on the few people who elected him than the entire members of EPRDF and the general population.

    The small group of people who elected the prime minister can also remove him after unfavorable evaluation (gemgema). The other requirement to meet is election to HPR (federal parliament) in remote local district of few thousands of people.

    The internal workings of EPRDF to pick the prime minister and a very limited mass base he has by being elected in a single wereda is totally undemocratic way of putting a chief executive to the highest office in the country.

    Here is a concrete example. A few months ago, less than forty people who form the central committee of TPLF (including some who were said no more in the committee) removed their leader and crowned another.

    Through what process the removal and replacement done? Through evaluation (gemgema).

    Assuming that TPLF has a million members in Tigray, in the country and abroad, was there any mechanism by which the million strong participated to elect whom they call their leader? None whatsoever.

    -There was no leadership campaign among members and supporters in which candidates present what they will do if elected to lead the party.

    -There were no delegates (at least ten thousand of them for a million members) who were to vote for the leader and back his plan at all stages of implementation and support him in case the top leadership is not happy with what he is doing.

    -Nobody knows what the leader elected in closed doors plans to do. Not party members, not supporters, not the Tigray people.

    The process is like an appointment of a civil servant whose tenure is dependent on evaluation of his immediate superior. And the immediate supervisors in TPLF case are the few who elect the leader.

    That kind of election might have been reasonable during the civil war due to security concerns, but to maintain it for years after security risk is removed is undemocratic and meaningless. It is a corrupt system that encourages loyalty to few groups of people rather than to the entire population. If it exists anywhere in the world, it might be only in China. Since our country is not China, it needs a democratic way of electing party leaders.

    So, it is how the post of the prime minister is “given” makes the person weak. Personal strength and weakness might improve or exacerbate situation, but to expect change, even a serious reform that involves transition including charting out a road-map and meeting with opposition is unrealistic.

    Until a few years ago, a TPLF/EPRDF leader held it to be succeeded by a leader of Southern organization/EPRDF until he was forced to resign not long ago. Next in line (without necessarily reflecting order) seem to be leaders of OPDO/EPRDF and ANDM/EPRDF. In fact, OPDO leader is crowned EPRDF leader today and he takes the premiership in a few days.

    As his predecessors, OPDO/EPRDF who becomes the prime minister will be weak due to the inherent weakness in the system. A bad legacy from TPLF, OPDO got its leader without saying what he wants to do, without competing with others for leadership and the expressed support of members of his party and the Oromo people. He becomes a prime minister by few “king makers” to whom he will be loyal until they throw him out.

    I can’t wait to hear or read a negative comment once OPDO/EPRDF guy walks in Menelik palace with his family without knowing what to do. People tell you he will implement EPRDF’s program, but that’s not enough. I can’t also wait to confirm how the system of filling the office will undo him because he can’t say no to the king makers.

    If you’re waiting for change or reform under such administration, forget it.

    Get this guys, look at the bigger picture. Look at the system and how it operates. The role of individuals is less important compared to a system that facilitates or hinders their performance.

    Drop unnecessarily raising people’s expectations.

    And stop giving him orders.

    Damn it!

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