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The Oromo Movement: The Effects Of State Terrorism and Globalization | by Asafa Jalata (Prof.)

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Paper presented at the Conference on New Directions in Critical Criminology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, May 6‐7, 2006.

Asafa Jalata

Prof. Asafa Jalata
Prof. Asafa Jalata

The Oromo movement is engaging in struggle to empower the Oromo people in order to restore their control on their economic resources such as land and cultural resources and to overcome the effects of Ethiopian state terrorism and globalization. The Oromo people were colonized and incorporated into Abyssinia, present Ethiopia, and the capitalist world system during the “Scramble for Africa” by the alliance of Ethiopian colonialism and European imperialism. This colonization involved terrorism and genocide in order to transfer Oromo economic resources, mainly land, through destroying Oromo leadership and the cultural foundation of the Oromo society. The Oromo resistance that started with the colonization of the Oromo was transformed into the anti‐colonial movement in the 1960s and still continues in various forms. On their part, successive colonial Ethiopian governments have been using various forms of violence to destroy the Oromo struggle for national self‐determination and democracy. Starting in 1992, the Tigrayan‐led Ethiopian government has been imposing state terrorism, genocide, and political repression, with the assistance of big powers and international institutions on the Oromo, the largest ethno‐ national group, and other groups in order to destroy the Oromo national movement led by the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) and to dominate the political economy of Oromia (the Oromo country) and Ethiopia in order to transfer economic resources, particularly land, to Tigrayan state elites and their domestic and international supporters.
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35 Comments

  1. I think OLF should evolve politically! There has never been an Oromo country/state. For sure there was/is a well established Oromo cultural identity. The story of colonization by Ethiopia/Abyssinia is myth rather ruthless. There are so many Ethiopian ethnic based cultural identities. Does that mean that Ethiopia/Abyssinia had/has colonized so many countries? That is neither factually nor politically correct.
    OLF had followed TPLF’s fiction stories and genocide scheme against the Amharas. Have you gained anything good as human being? You rather need to remorse that.
    First of all, OLF should fully recognize that also the Oromos are Ethiopians. Secondly OLF should reformulate its political problems and agenda.
    Otherwise:
    1. it will be the next agent to be used by the enemies of Ethiopia/Ethiopians. In this case Egypt, the other Arabs and the Western neocolonialists.
    2. whereby causing another round of misery and death to the Oromo and other Ethiopians.
    Dear brothers/sisters, please come to your human senses and work along other Ethiopians for a real democratic Ethiopia and better life of all Ethiopians?!

  2. I think OLF should evolve politically! There has never been an Oromo country/state. For sure there was/is a well established Oromo cultural identity. The story of colonization by Ethiopia/Abyssinia is myth rather ruthless. There are so many Ethiopian ethnic based cultural identities. Does that mean that Ethiopia/Abyssinia had/has colonized so many countries? That is neither factually nor politically correct.
    OLF had followed TPLF’s fiction stories and genocide scheme against the Amharas. Have you gained anything good as human being? You rather need to remorse that.
    First of all, OLF should fully recognize that also the Oromos are Ethiopians. Secondly OLF should reformulate its political problems and agenda.
    Otherwise:
    1. it will be the next agent to be used by the enemies of Ethiopia/Ethiopians. In this case Egypt, the other Arabs and the Western neocolonialists.
    2. whereby causing another round of misery and death to the Oromo and other Ethiopians.
    Dear brothers/sisters, please come to your human senses and work along other Ethiopians for a real democratic Ethiopia and better life of all Ethiopians?!

  3. This sick person is one of the main OLF historians who have been spearheading the hate campaign against Ethnic Amharas that led to the displacement and killing of innocent Amharas by OLFites and other groups and when the time comes this sick and hate filled person will be one of the people who would be brought to justice to The International Tribunal for Genocide Prevention.
    The hate filled OLFites always play the victim card of genocide ignoring the massacre and genocide committed by Oromo Invaders against Millions of Amharas,Girages, Hadya, Kembata, Gamo, Sidama and the completely extincted indegnineous Ethiopian ethnics like Enarya Damot, Gafat etc by the Grnocide committed on them by Oromo invaders 300 years ago

  4. This sick person is one of the main OLF historians who have been spearheading the hate campaign against Ethnic Amharas that led to the displacement and killing of innocent Amharas by OLFites and other groups and when the time comes this sick and hate filled person will be one of the people who would be brought to justice to The International Tribunal for Genocide Prevention.
    The hate filled OLFites always play the victim card of genocide ignoring the massacre and genocide committed by Oromo Invaders against Millions of Amharas,Girages, Hadya, Kembata, Gamo, Sidama and the completely extincted indegnineous Ethiopian ethnics like Enarya Damot, Gafat etc by the Grnocide committed on them by Oromo invaders 300 years ago

  5. Heartfelt thank you for a summarized..abstract explains the brutality of.Galla ethnic group .A hate profeser ugly mind. Assefa Jallta .

  6. Heartfelt thank you for a summarized..abstract explains the brutality of.Galla ethnic group .A hate profeser ugly mind. Assefa Jallta .

    • You have no brain to say that: you are either Weyane or Shabiya recruit who deliberately attempt to cause fire between the two major ethnic groups. But I assure you, the two never get mislead. Rather you will see the future of our country is in their shoulder. God is at his mighty work in the country By the way, you know by saying ” I hate” God’s creation, you are cursing yourself, your children, blood generations and relatives. I advise you to repent before God. Or your children or realtives or yourself will reap the consequence. When you read it, see your life after. Please come to repentance

    • There is nothing new here. We know most of you tplf hate Galla but love our land. You can’t have it both way. Enough is Enough soon you will back to your godforsaken land
      . As qeerro generation I respect your honesty and I hate you too TPLF goon.

  7. To Teshome/ Typical TPLF lapdog
    Just leave our land in peace, enough is enough! Oromo people aren’t the same people that you have been using and abusing. You have used every trick in the book to oppress and exploit our nation. TPLF lies, arrogance, greed and deception will come to an end sooner or later. You can’t subjugate my generation anymore! We are fighting you with stick now, just Waite and see what we can do with AK47 when get it from your dead agazi force.

  8. To Teshome/ Typical TPLF lapdog
    Just leave our land in peace, enough is enough! Oromo people aren’t the same people that you have been using and abusing. You have used every trick in the book to oppress and exploit our nation. TPLF lies, arrogance, greed and deception will come to an end sooner or later. You can’t subjugate my generation anymore! We are fighting you with stick now, just Waite and see what we can do with AK47 when get it from your dead agazi force.

  9. This professor , i do not know from where he got his professorship. These days we see a lot of doctors , who have been granted phds, masters , bachelors by the western universities . These universities do not care whether your dissertation, research or article is correct when you speak and work against your people and your nation at large ; They will grant you their professorship , masters , doctrate , you name it.
    The westerners and the arabs fear and hate the Ethiopian identity as an identity because it is a black identity which has confronted them. That is the only African and black nation who won the white and arab armies . Ethiopians won and beated the Italians , Turks and Egyptian armies .
    Ethiopia , because it has never colonised ; it kept its identity and Ethiopians stood together despite all difficulties .That is why all the blacks and oppressed nations see Ethiopia as a symbol of freedom and hope. No matter the propaganda against Ethiopia is at peak; But still the Ethiopian history is a source of pride to all Africans, at large to all opressed nations, It inspires them, At the same time they use to charge a positive energy from it.
    This man , he is a man who fabricates history , he is doing it for purpose because he is paid for it .
    I do not want to go in detail about the definition of colonialism and so on.
    but have you ever seen a ”colonized (a nation under slavery) , at that particular time , he has been ruled by his emperors.
    In the modern history of Ethiopia after emperor Yohanesse ; all the emperors and leaders of the modern Ethiopia were fully oromos or partially oromos , Emperor minilik, including his wife taitu and his generals almost all of them were oromos. For instance Ras gobena dache , Fitawrari gebeyhu goraw, Fitawrar habtegirogis dingde, dejach balcha …and so on. lij eyassu , zewditu too they trace their oromo ancestors equally like any oromos . The late emperor haile selasse was both of his grand parents from his mother side ali and father side a son of of ras mekonen w/michael gudissa , his generals like general jagema kello, general abebe gemeda,general mulugeta buli , his ministers like bulcha demekssa, yilma deressa, doctor gemal …dejach fikeremariam dadi, dejach geressu duki…. etc were oromos. During the derge era, Mengistu the president he was partially an oromo , and his generals were oromos too, for example , general gebere kirstos buli, general merdassa lelissa, general regassa jimma, general kassaye chemeda, general demisse bulto, general mered nigusse all of them, they were partially or 100 percent oromos. For me i do not want to dwell in ethnic classification , all of them were /are Ethiopians and they served their country as Ethiopian , period!!!
    How on earth a colonized nation would have an emperor , a general , a minster when the nation is suffering under colonialism.
    I do not understand why this guy fabricates history. It is clear that he is a mercenary who does not care for the truth but who stood against his people and nation.
    Ethiopia will prevail!!!

  10. This professor , i do not know from where he got his professorship. These days we see a lot of doctors , who have been granted phds, masters , bachelors by the western universities . These universities do not care whether your dissertation, research or article is correct when you speak and work against your people and your nation at large ; They will grant you their professorship , masters , doctrate , you name it.
    The westerners and the arabs fear and hate the Ethiopian identity as an identity because it is a black identity which has confronted them. That is the only African and black nation who won the white and arab armies . Ethiopians won and beated the Italians , Turks and Egyptian armies .
    Ethiopia , because it has never colonised ; it kept its identity and Ethiopians stood together despite all difficulties .That is why all the blacks and oppressed nations see Ethiopia as a symbol of freedom and hope. No matter the propaganda against Ethiopia is at peak; But still the Ethiopian history is a source of pride to all Africans, at large to all opressed nations, It inspires them, At the same time they use to charge a positive energy from it.
    This man , he is a man who fabricates history , he is doing it for purpose because he is paid for it .
    I do not want to go in detail about the definition of colonialism and so on.
    but have you ever seen a ”colonized (a nation under slavery) , at that particular time , he has been ruled by his emperors.
    In the modern history of Ethiopia after emperor Yohanesse ; all the emperors and leaders of the modern Ethiopia were fully oromos or partially oromos , Emperor minilik, including his wife taitu and his generals almost all of them were oromos. For instance Ras gobena dache , Fitawrari gebeyhu goraw, Fitawrar habtegirogis dingde, dejach balcha …and so on. lij eyassu , zewditu too they trace their oromo ancestors equally like any oromos . The late emperor haile selasse was both of his grand parents from his mother side ali and father side a son of of ras mekonen w/michael gudissa , his generals like general jagema kello, general abebe gemeda,general mulugeta buli , his ministers like bulcha demekssa, yilma deressa, doctor gemal …dejach fikeremariam dadi, dejach geressu duki…. etc were oromos. During the derge era, Mengistu the president he was partially an oromo , and his generals were oromos too, for example , general gebere kirstos buli, general merdassa lelissa, general regassa jimma, general kassaye chemeda, general demisse bulto, general mered nigusse all of them, they were partially or 100 percent oromos. For me i do not want to dwell in ethnic classification , all of them were /are Ethiopians and they served their country as Ethiopian , period!!!
    How on earth a colonized nation would have an emperor , a general , a minster when the nation is suffering under colonialism.
    I do not understand why this guy fabricates history. It is clear that he is a mercenary who does not care for the truth but who stood against his people and nation.
    Ethiopia will prevail!!!

  11. “Asafa Jalata (Prof.)’The Oromo people were colonized and incorporated into Abyssinia,”.
    Does he know what “Colonized” mean. Eretrea was colonized by Italy, yes. I think he is sick. I really don’t know how he got his PhD. Did Atsi Menelik envolved unjustice toward Oromo yes as well toward Tigrean and Eretrean. It was wrong. The Oromo did the same thing prior to that as well. We have to leave it for history and work together going forward.
    I think Prof. Asafa Jalata was doing his PhD and just wake up after he left the Oromo area.

  12. “Asafa Jalata (Prof.)’The Oromo people were colonized and incorporated into Abyssinia,”.
    Does he know what “Colonized” mean. Eretrea was colonized by Italy, yes. I think he is sick. I really don’t know how he got his PhD. Did Atsi Menelik envolved unjustice toward Oromo yes as well toward Tigrean and Eretrean. It was wrong. The Oromo did the same thing prior to that as well. We have to leave it for history and work together going forward.
    I think Prof. Asafa Jalata was doing his PhD and just wake up after he left the Oromo area.

  13. The same game EPLF and TPLF played to get where they are now is what the OLF in its different forms are fomenting. If such worthless intellectuals go back in the field and fight for the cause of all oppressed people of Ethiopia it will be a worthy call. Narrow nationalism with fabricated theory will cause darker future for all Ethiopians. Hiding behind white sympathizers of the Oromo cause does little to alleviate their suffering. After all, you are judged by the color of your skin. They are happy seeing us kill each other. What is mind numbing is to read such trash from a so called professor of some sort. What a shame! Does he think Iraq, Libya, and Syria are better off today than when their so called dictators were in power? I hope not!
    The author of this article is so blinded by his ethnic origin (DNA test might prove otherwise) he can’t see further than his own image. History tells us the breakup of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia aggravated the situation to more dire circumstance to the people of the two nations. The Oromo people will be better served to stay united with future democratic Ethiopia. For narrow minded Oromo intellectuals, I have one thing to say – lay down on your back and try to spit your saliva, chances are it will come right back to your mouth or land not too far from your body. Your attempt to split the Ethiopians is a worthless effort that will not be allowed by its people and global powers. Keep dreaming…. It may help you live a little longer!

  14. The same game EPLF and TPLF played to get where they are now is what the OLF in its different forms are fomenting. If such worthless intellectuals go back in the field and fight for the cause of all oppressed people of Ethiopia it will be a worthy call. Narrow nationalism with fabricated theory will cause darker future for all Ethiopians. Hiding behind white sympathizers of the Oromo cause does little to alleviate their suffering. After all, you are judged by the color of your skin. They are happy seeing us kill each other. What is mind numbing is to read such trash from a so called professor of some sort. What a shame! Does he think Iraq, Libya, and Syria are better off today than when their so called dictators were in power? I hope not!
    The author of this article is so blinded by his ethnic origin (DNA test might prove otherwise) he can’t see further than his own image. History tells us the breakup of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia aggravated the situation to more dire circumstance to the people of the two nations. The Oromo people will be better served to stay united with future democratic Ethiopia. For narrow minded Oromo intellectuals, I have one thing to say – lay down on your back and try to spit your saliva, chances are it will come right back to your mouth or land not too far from your body. Your attempt to split the Ethiopians is a worthless effort that will not be allowed by its people and global powers. Keep dreaming…. It may help you live a little longer!

  15. Gebreyessu,Degazmach,Teshome,
    Assafa Jalataa is not sick,you a are sick. Abyssinia/Ethiopia is a colonial state.How can you explain the numerous Liberation front from Afar,sidama,Tigray,somali,oromo,gambella, beshagul,eritrea…. How.Only Amhara seems happy with ethiopia,its history,amharic language.
    You better understand like Walelign 50 years ago that nations can not be colonised for ever.You can not impose your language,your culture,to all the nations in the Horn of africa.
    Read very well the writings of Assafa ,the OLF,99 percent of Oromo and other nationalities are agree with him.

    • Ofcourse Assefa Jaleta is one of the few sick OLF historians knows nothin or do nothing except writing and preaching hate against Amharas and Menilik.
      Your stupid assertion is that Oromos are colonized is laughable since Menilik himself is half Oromo, Lij Eyasu was full Oromo, Zewditu and Haile Silase and Mengistu were half Oromos and the PMs and defence ministers like Gobena , Habtegiorgis Dingede, Tesfaye Gebekidan, Ras Mesfin Sileshi, Teferi Banti and Abebe Gemeda and Merid Niguse were all Oromos.
      OLFites play a blame game to exterminate Amharas and hid the genocide they committed on The people of Damot, Gafat and Enarya and their mass sacred on Amharas and Gurages when they took the province of SHEWA which was an Amhara province before Oromos invaded it 300 years ago so either live in peace or else prepare for the long fight with Amharas and I can assure for OLFites Amhara people have the power and the will to take back Its province taken by Oromo invaders 300 years ago

    • Yeah Not only him u are also sick to think you are colonized by Menilik, Zewditu, Haile Sillase, Lij Eyasu. Mengistu Hailemarim who are either full or half Oromos .
      OLFites came up with this colonialism myth only for one and one thing to demonized Amharas and exterminate them from their own land as if the displacement and genocide Oromo invaders committed on Amharas and other Ethiopians 300 years ago was not enough.
      OLFites are planning to continue the genocide project early Oromo invaders started 300 years ago
      We will never claiming the ancient lands of Amhara like SHEWA and Wollega

  16. Gebreyessu,Degazmach,Teshome,
    Assafa Jalataa is not sick,you a are sick. Abyssinia/Ethiopia is a colonial state.How can you explain the numerous Liberation front from Afar,sidama,Tigray,somali,oromo,gambella, beshagul,eritrea…. How.Only Amhara seems happy with ethiopia,its history,amharic language.
    You better understand like Walelign 50 years ago that nations can not be colonised for ever.You can not impose your language,your culture,to all the nations in the Horn of africa.
    Read very well the writings of Assafa ,the OLF,99 percent of Oromo and other nationalities are agree with him.

  17. Huseen,
    all kings, Atsi etc from north, south, east, west (Aksum, Oromo, Last, Shewa, Gonder, 2nd Shewa etc) did good and bad things. The middle east still in conflict unbelievable to say so. Amharic is Ethiopian language not to Amhara people only. I disagree with Dr, Getrachew, Prof. Lemma etc from elite amhara. The same goes with Meles Zenawi and Oromo elite as well. No matter what, there was no colonization in Ethiopia except Italy to Eretrea. Within the Ethipian adminstration there is no balance with nation and nationality yes and we need more to do on that. Don’t limit yourself in conflit box; come out to do the right thing which it takes moral, determination, and patience. European will laugh on you when write colonization because they know what it mean especially from a PhD.

  18. Neftegna children are at it again. They never learn from history. We are re-hashing the same insults that they have been used to for the last 150 years. They never realize that the subject people are not in the same they put them when they colonized non-Abyssinian territories. Professor Assefa and others have been unearthing the hidden burdens of Ethiopia. They are eyes of the oppressed people and history will accord them their right place. Oromia will be free whether Neftegnas like it or not. The journey has began and you cannot do anything about it except barking on computer screens.

  19. Why do you guys feel like you have the right to speak for Oromo People? Save your crocodile tears, Assafa Jalataa is well respected Oromo intellectual who care if you agree with him or not.

  20. Assefa Jaleta is one of the few sick OLF historians knows nothin or do nothing except writing and preaching hate against Amharas and Menilik.
    His stupid assertion is that Oromos are colonized is laughable since Menilik himself is half Oromo, Lij Eyasu was full Oromo, Zewditu and Haile Silase and Mengistu were half Oromos and the PMs and defence ministers like Gobena , Habtegiorgis Dingede, Tesfaye Gebekidan, Ras Mesfin Sileshi, Teferi Banti and Abebe Gemeda and Merid Niguse were all Oromos.
    OLFites play a blame game to exterminate Amharas and hid the genocide they committed on The people of Damot, Gafat and Enarya and their mass sacred on Amharas and Gurages when they took the province of SHEWA which was an Amhara province before Oromos invaded it 300 years ago so either live in peace or else prepare for the long fight with Amharas and I can assure for OLFites Amhara people have the power and the will to take back Its province taken by Oromo invaders 300 years ago – See more at: https://zehabesha.com/the-oromo-movement-the-effects-of-state-terrorism-and-globalization-by-asafa-jalata-prof/#comment-1083238

  21. It is sickening listening to these kind of person. He is not a Ph.D holder as he claimed to be. He does not think as one. uneducated, poor Ethiopian farmer would know 100% about politics than this poor man who try to make a name to himself by telling made up story. Shame on you. Your education is a garbage. This man does not understand what a colony means? Does he know what a country means? This a basic lesson he should learn before talking about a made up story There is no a country called Oromia. I am an oromo. Stop fooling us by making an founded history you OLF group are fabricating. Stop dividing us. You already made a grate damage to our people. You need to stop it.

    • I just find out Asafa Jarat copied this presentation from west African historical slave trade. We must investigate further his writing.

  22. another Olf dog on the bandwagon of oromo colonization.
    please somebody help this foolish person, even tplf do not believe their own lie about Ethiopian colonialism.

  23. Can we discuss as intellectual what has happened to the people of the south after Minilik expansion with sane head?
    Why is Minilik is associated with amara? just because he speak amaharic. Then lets also connect Melese Zenawi with amara because he speak Amharic too. Please separate the Minilik from any tribe. He was a dictator king as any in his time Period. It is nothing to do with poor amara.

  24. The word oromia was well before abssynia. It was cited by asefa jaleta in 616 AD . It was 1400 years ago. Long live mr jaleta

  25. For those of you, who have a vague understanding of it:
    Colonialism takes place when invaders use force to take possession of elements vital to the economy of the invaded society of people and to reorganize those components according to a new and forcefully imposed system of production.
    “The real aim of colonialism was to control the people’s wealth…. Colonialism imposed its control of the social production of wealth through military conquest and subsequent military dictatorship. But its most important area of domination was the mental universe of the colonised, the control through culture, of how people perceived themselves and their relationship to the world…. (T)he destruction or deliberate undervaluing of a people’s culture, their art, dances, religions, history, geography, education, orature and literature, and the conscious elevation of the language of the coloniser.” (Thiong’o, N. 1986:16 Decolonising the mind: The politics of Language and African Literature, London)
    Characteristics are:
    • Settlement of aliens on the territory originally in the possession of a distinct nation or nationality.
    • The reliance of externally derived resources, personnel, and ideas to administer the occupied area and control its inhabitants
    • Use or redirection of indigenous labour and the extraction of surplus from the conquered to serve ends determined by the conquering nation
    • The suppression of the organisational and cultural life of the indigenous peoples
    • Assimilation programs to enable selected indigenous personnel to blunt opposition to imported rule
    • Heavy militarism of the settler group for the enforcement of newly introduced mechanisms of control
    • Harsh suppression of the resistance of the local inhabitants
    • Development and reliance upon an elaborate ideological justification of occupation for internal and external use.
    Which of the above points do not apply to the Ethiopia of Minilik, Haile-Selassie, Derg or TPLF/EPRDF?
    Do not beat the messenger for the message. Educate yourseves through reading the view of others too, eg. “The Invention of Ethiopia” by Holcomb and Ibsa, The Red Sea Press, 1990.

    • What Oromo culture you talking about? The culture of cutting Men,s penis, drinking the blood of animals, The culture of applying Butter on trees, or the culture of killing parents and kidnapping children and women to make them Oromos or the culture of letting a stranger fucking an Oromo wife for the exchange of A cow or an oxe

  26. these look educated yardsticks. If you apply them to what Oromo migration and Islam expansion dos to Ethiopia , you will come to realize how human history is making. You always forget what the Galla had done to the medical period of Ethiopia . The savagery of the gallas( oromios) while conquering Ethiopia has to be told clearly without any make up. but this was /is not particular to oromios .

  27. OLFites are so stupid to think they are colonized by Menilik, Zewditu, Haile Sillase, Lij Eyasu. Mengistu Hailemarim who are either full or half Oromos .
    OLFites came up with this colonialism myth only for one and one thing to demonized Amharas and exterminate them from their own land as if the displacement and genocide Oromo invaders committed on Amharas and other Ethiopians 300 years ago was not enough.
    OLFites are planning to continue the genocide project early Oromo invaders started 300 years ago
    We will never claiming the ancient lands of Amhara like SHEWA and Wollega
    – See more at: https://zehabesha.com/the-oromo-movement-the-effects-of-state-terrorism-and-globalization-by-asafa-jalata-prof/#comment-1084290

  28. These Habesha ignorant and mad dogs have no brain to discuss issues; they know how to insult people because their culture did not educate them think and dialog as human beings. They are loyal followers of their warlords and bandits who have claimed to be leaders.
    Consequently, their leaders and their so-educated followers have remained in poverty and ignorance. They only know how to kill, torture, and violate human rights. Education has failed to change them.
    After living in foreign countries, they have failed to change their archaic culture and mentality. They have failed to understand the meaning of socialism, democracy and human rights. It is a wastage of time to deal these mad dogs who only know how to insult people.

  29. These Habesha are ignorant and mad dogs who have no brain to discuss issues; they know how to insult people because their culture did not educate them think and dialog as human beings. They are loyal followers of their warlords and bandits who have claimed to be leaders. They admire terrorists like menelik, haile selassie, mengist haile maraiam, and meles zenawi, the butcher of Tigre.
    Consequently, their leaders and their so-educated followers have remained ignorant. They only know how to kill, torture, and violate human rights. Education has failed to change them.
    After living in foreign countries, they have failed to change their archaic culture and mentality. They have failed to understand the meaning of socialism, democracy and human rights. It is a wastage of time to deal with these mad dogs who only know how to insult people.
    – See more at: https://zehabesha.com/the-oromo-movement-the-effects-of-state-terrorism-and-globalization-by-asafa-jalata-prof/#comment-1086046

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