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A Radical change of course for Ethiopia, or chaos and Implosion: A commentary on Lt. General Tsadkan Gebre Tensay’s article in Amharic

 

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By Publius aethiopicus

Ethiopia under the Tigray People’s Liberation Front/Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front-TPLF/EPRDF regime has come to a cross roads, in fact a dead end. Either a change of course towards a genuine constitutional democracy or a nightmarish scenario of the implosion of Ethiopia are the alternatives, as Lt. General Tsadkan Gebre Tensay asserts. The lengthy article published on Horn Affairs by Lt. General Tsadkan G. Tensay, former member of the top leadership of the TPLF and former Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian Armed Forces for almost a decade, is a very interesting development. In recent years the TPLF/EPRDF regime is embroiled in one crisis or another, unable to handle the multiple fault lines and facing total loss of support by the populace in all four corners of Ethiopia. One should recall that the regime declared itself as the sole winner of all 547 parliamentary seats in the May 2015 election.

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In dissecting the all-around crisis the regime is mired in, the General does not mince words and shy away from being very frank about the pervasive crises of state, crisis of confidence, crisis of legitimacy. General Tsadkan addresses the all-around crisis – political, economic, massive and pervasive corruption including by The Metals and Engineering Corporation (METEC) a quasi-military-industrial complex run by TPLF generals. He also admits and comments on the pervasive hatred and resentment harbored by the majority towards Tigrayans. This salient feature is among the most worrying trends and in fact warning signs in today’s Ethiopia under the minority TPLF regime, and its potential to turn into a tragic course.

General Tsadkan also throws powerful salvos and trenchant criticisms of the existing dictatorial political and suffocating economic oligarchy instituted by the TPLF/EPRDF.  He states, point blank, the dead end reached by the minority regime. He indicates, unless there is a fundamental change, a potentially tragic, indeed, epochal nightmarish, scenario of Ethiopia imploding as a multi-ethnic nation. A multi ethnic nation with historic continuity since antiquity, albeit, checkered by expansions and contractions for millennia.

What makes General Tsadkan’s assessment of current conditions in Ethiopia pertinent, and somewhat unique? Such a perspective about the nation’s tragic condition under the current dictatorial regime is coming, perhaps for the first time, in a radical and bold fashion, from one of the top leaders of the TPLF and a one-time Chief of Staff of the armed forces from 1991- 2001 before being ousted by Meles Zenawi after TPLF’s  split. His recommendations for a way forward and solutions therefore has gone beyond what critics of the regime, the likes of General Abebe Tekle Haimnot, a former Airforce Commander, ousted by Meles during the TPLF’s  split as well,  and many others have talked about and written in recent months in regard to the multi-faceted crisis boiling in Ethiopia and overwhelming the readily weak regime of the TPLF/EPRDF rocked with internal contradictions and fissures both  within the dominant TPLF and the satellite ANDM and OPDO parties that constitute the so-called EPRDF.

As well known, many scholars and analysts alike have commented about the instability of the current track pursued assiduously by the minority regime of the TPLF/EPRDF. The fault lines are expanding, the contradictions are visible and there is a widening gulf separating the regime and the people. A wide chasm exists between the corrupt and inept army’s Tigrean top brass and the majority non-Tigrean rank and file line officers. There is massive discontent and widespread perception by the overwhelming majority of non-Tigreans that Tigreans have become enablers and apologists for a Kleptocratic, ethnocratic and brutal minority regime. These views have been  given credence during the Oromo protest  that  rocked the Oromo region and beyond, proving the fallacy of the regime’s  25 year narrative that  Ethiopia, as a democratic and federal state, for the first time in its history,  has brought about the equality of the nations and nationalities that constitute it.

Under this false  narrative, Ethiopia, under the current minority TPLF/EPRDF regime,  has granted and upheld the equality of all nations and nationalities, including devolution and decentralization of power to the regions  to govern their respective regions. This narrative, however, has been busted as a result of the many identity conflicts and popular demands for genuine self-governance in zonal and regional affairs that have been popping up throughout Ethiopia, in particular, the massive and widespread Oromo protest that was triggered by the Addis Ababa Master Plan. The Oromo protest is still continuing despite the ruthless massacre of over 500 Oromos by the regime’s special forces and the arrest of tens of thousands in Oromia region in the past nine months, a development that has gotten a wide coverage by the media and attention by International Human Rights organizations, US Senators and the European Parliament.

Just like in Oromia, years of pent up grievances , injustice, inequality, and lack of basic rights to protect and assert ethnic identities, despite the regime’s narrative  to the contrary, have  been simmering in many parts of Ethiopia. Just a few weeks ago it came to the open, in Northern Gondar, Amhara region, where the historically Amhara region of Wolkayit, Tegede and Telemt along the border of formerly, Gondar and Tigray provinces was forcibly annexed and made part of Tigray by the TPLF. Along with the unilateral decision to annex the sub region to Tigray, the Amhara inhabitants were forced to change their identity for the past 25 years. Now the Amharas of Wolkayit, Tegede and Telemt, after trying all legal and peaceful avenues to lodge their demands, have resorted to armed rebellion and civil disobedience to resist an unjust act that has been imposed on their very existence as a people of Amhara ethnic origin, separate from Tigray and Tigrayan ethnic stock. These are just few of the major fault lines besetting the TPL/EPRDF minority regime that has used brutal force to suppress all forms of demands coming from many sectors of the populace throughout Ethiopia during the past 25 years of its tenure on state power.

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In his thoughtful and analytic assessment recognizing the crisis and the all-around faultiness that are prevalent in Ethiopia, General Tsadkan concludes that the status quo is not sustainable – that Ethiopia must democratize. The current one party dictatorship of the TPLF/EPRDF needs to give way to a genuine multiparty democracy with a level playing field for all political forces , there are has to be an orderly and peaceful transition, and that a genuinely free, fair and transparent election monitored by the international community has to be held during the next election cycle. Absent such fundamental change, Ethiopia as a multiethnic polity, may be heading towards an implosion and chaos.

On the other hand, it is time to ponder about what is going in the minds of the TPLF leaders, in the minds of their few henchmen in the rest of the so called EPRDF top leadership such as Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM) Oromo People’s Democratic Organization (OPDO) as well as the majority of Tigrean elites allied with the ruling TPLF/EPRDF.  Do they have the mindset to heed such a clarion call for a radical change made by the likes of General Tsadkan? Do they really think far beyond the expedient lure of glitters of temporal power and other vested interests that unchecked power brings to its holders? Are they going to think beyond themselves, in fact for the good of themselves too, for the sake of all Ethiopians, including Tigrean people they claim to represent and that of posterity to live and prosper with a leveled playing field in a just, democratic, and free Ethiopia?

Given past track records and their patterns of behavior by these elements of Ethiopia’s political elite, that timeless adage of Lord Acton, “power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely” comes to mind. Not only does absolute power corrupts the body politic of the state and its machineries, but also the mind and spirit of those at the helm and their cronies. They become stupid due to affliction of   mental ossification and dissonance from actual reality which absolute power has a tendency to nurture, however, in retrograde.  Hence a very doubtful scenario, whether those at the helm of the TPLF/EPRDF dictatorial regime, have both the political will and the wisdom to change course, and change radically before it is too late.   The crossroads options remains to be seen.

Foreign and security policy circles of Western governments, especially the US and UK, allied to the minority TPLF/EPRDF regime, have been in denial about the prevailing and unsustainable conditions in Ethiopia.  Due to their primary reason for supporting the regime, as an ally in the war against terrorism and extremism in the Horn of Africa, these governments   continue to act like the proverbial ostrich that buried its head in the sand. However, sober and  objective assessment of Ethiopia by foreign analysts and leaders of credible international rights organizations have come to recognize the all-around crisis situation in Ethiopia and the widening fault lines in the society as result of the regime’s dictatorial actions and measures and are recommending fundamental change in Ethiopia.

On July 12, 2015 House Foreign Relations Committee hearing convened by Chairman Ed Royce, Ambassador Mark Lagon, President of Freedoms House, in his testimony, stated that “… In November 2015, the EPRDF decided to expand the boundaries of the capital at the expense of farmers and communities living in the surrounding areas of the Oromia region. This decision was made without adequate consultation with affected communities and sparked widespread protests resulting in the arrests of tens of thousands, including students, teachers, musicians, opposition politicians, health workers, and people who provided assistance or shelter to fleeing students. At least 400 have been killed by Ethiopian security forces; an unknown number remain in detention; and torture continues to be reported. Protests like these break out because citizens have no other ways to engage in the political system or express discontent, which increases instability….”

During the same testimony, Ambassador Lagon added “… there cannot be peace and stability if the government restricts political space and suppresses legitimate dissent with force. And without peace, there can be no reliable access to food or health care or education. A country cannot free itself from dependence on foreign aid without strong and accountable governance. U.S. tax dollars will be wasted as long as Ethiopia lacks rule of law, pluralism, and respect in practice of the pluralism, and respect in practice of the rights of all. The United States would be far wiser to fund a more comprehensive approach to development. We should work to strengthen human rights in Ethiopia to enable a truly peaceful, prosperous, and more reliable security partner….”

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In May of 2016, Mr.  Adotei Akewi, Managing Director of Government Relations of Amnesty International (AI) USA also wrote an article titled Wrong Way: The Ever Closing Political Space in Ethiopia. In that article, he advised those concerned, allies of the TPLF/ERPDF regime that “…supporting an oppressive regime for the sake of regional security will only further destabilize a region already ravaged by conflict, unclear borders, poverty and lack of respect for the rule of law, all in the pursuit of short term stability. The Ethiopian people deserve better than that…”

Does the international community in general, and the donor countries in particular understand the depth of the crisis facing Ethiopia under the minority regime? Do they know and understand the high stakes and ramifications of the current trajectory of the deepening ethnic and other faultiness in Ethiopia for the Horn of Africa and global security?    Ethiopia may implode, as General Tsadkan argues and predicts, unless there is a radical change towards a fundamental reconfiguration of the state towards a genuine constitutional democracy governed by rule of law, and respect for fundamental liberties that are absent under the current TPLF/EPRDF regime.  The current regime they whole-heartedly support with diplomatic, political, and military assistance is  leading Ethiopia towards a downwards trajectory of instability, possibly civil war, or even worse case scenarios as Dawit Giorgis, Executive Director  of African Strategic  and Security Studies , wrote under the heading “Rwanda Genocide: Lessons for Ethiopians. “

The narrative that Ethiopia, as a stable and reliable partner, under a minority dictatorship is losing its cache. It is time for the International community and all national stakeholders to come to a sober acceptance of the brutal truth and face the glaring reality in Ethiopia.   It is neither acceptable nor sustainable to do nothing when all the writings are on the wall. Ethiopia is in grave danger. Too little, too late statements, after potential tragic scenarios unfold become nightmarish reality, is a recipe of cynics, bordering criminals. It is time for a radical change in order to avert the current slide towards instability and chaos that the current regime appear to be leading Ethiopia.

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Highlights from an article written in Amharic by Lt. General Tsadkan G. Tensay, former Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian Armed Forces

Lt. General Tsadkan G. Tensay, former Chief of Staff has written a bold article calling for the regime to undertake fundamental political changes to spare the country from implosion and turmoil. Here are some of the highlights from the rather lengthy, albeit, bold proposition from a man who once was a member of the ruling clique till his dismissal by the late dictator and mastermind, Meles Zenawi.

  • Human and democratic rights that were enshrined in the constitution are not fully respected. Even worse, the political space has become too narrow to be accommodative to the opposition. The quagmire that the government finds itself now was the result of the absolute monopolization of political and economic power by the ruling party and its leaders.
  • Once assuming political power and the political upper hand, the EPRDF has gradually become antidemocratic. Many cases could be cited here, but  will only mention the three salient cases and the undemocratic means that the EPRDF used to resolve them:
  1. The way the EPRDF handled the issue with the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF)
  2. The way the TPLF handled the crises within the Front itself [refers to the 2001 split within       the Front]
  3. The 2005 elections and the way the Front dealt with the situation in its aftermath.
  • The oppressive and undemocratic rule by the regime has become unbearable to the masses. On top of that, the standard of living has become too expensive and unemployment too high. The people do not see any hope that the regime would resolve their problems soon. All these factors have forced the people to protest and revolt against the government soon after it declared 100% victory in the 2015 elections. The government was also forced to admit that there are real problems that it cannot shy away from.
  • Based on the current situations in the country, there are three scenarios that could unfold:

Scenario 1) due to the ongoing popular uprising and political demand and the added pressure from foreign forces, the country could plunge into total chaos that the government could not control. The odds that this scenario could happen seem little, but not zero. It could happen and the government should be ready. The protest in Oromo region has put strain on the government, especially on the regional government. The uprising was halted by the intervention of the federal forces. If the protest kept its momentum and was joined by other popular protests, it is easy to predict what it could do to the central government.

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Scenario 2) to continue with the status quo of crises. The regime would try to buy time and stay in power by making few changes here and there, and sacking some officials to appease the populace. This scenario would be the best preferred by the regime in power. This scenario could extend the crises but would not resolve it. It would prevent a peaceful resolution of the crises and hence would create a fertile ground for those who try to resolve the crises through the use of force. This scenario could cost the country a great deal.

Scenario 3) to begin a peaceful and orderly transition. This requires the acknowledgement that there is a crises in the country; and begin the process of transition with the participation of all political forces and the general public. This scenario also prevents the previous destructive scenarios from happening. It is therefore incumbent on those of us who worry about the future of the country to work for the realization of this scenario.

  • What should be the role of the people of Tigray in resolving the current crises in the country? Should the role of the people of Tigray be to protect and defend the regime that is ruling with the help of its security forces and the military, and alienated and hated by the people? What is the political stand taken by the people of Tigray in the current political crisis in the country?
  • The people of Tigray, together with the rest of the Ethiopian people need to work for the full implementation of the Constitution. The fact that few Tigrean elites hold political power is not a guarantee for the people of Tigray.
  • I don’t understand why the country’s industrialization is being led by army generals. METEC has been tasked with the production of electric power, sugar production and building rails. It is ideal that those projects be done by local manufacturing. But why are they under the complete control of army generals? If the army had the technical capacity and know how, it should rather focus on maintaining and even building tanks, war planes, vehicles and communication equipment.
  • The relationship among the legislative, the judiciary and the executive must be clearly defined. There should be check and balance. The reality we have now in the country is that the executive controls the politics and also the economy of the country, which resulted in the current political quagmire.
  • The executive is engaged in promulgating restrictive laws to inhibit any movement by the opposition.
  • A party that cannot resolve its internal contradictions in a democratic manner cannot be a vanguard of democracy.
  • The EPRDF had come up with several laws that restrict the human and political rights promulgated in the constitution. It uses the security and military to hang on to power. The EPRDF should remove all obstacles that limit the activities of opposition political parties.
  • The role of the military should be that of defending the sovereignty of the country and the constitution; it should not be a major player in the politics and economy of the country, as we see in Ethiopia today.
  • The EPRDF is not willing to fight mal administration, corruption and abuse of power as it fears genuine action against these problems would lead to its disintegration and down fall.
  • Those in political power also control the economy. The executive is also the one that steers the wheel of economy. The executive is the owner of major projects and also the main employer.
  • Since the executive controls the economy, cronies and benefactors are engaged, under the guise of party membership, in rent seeking corrupt practices.
  • The people should have the power to put the executive in check; not the other way around.
  • In order to come out of the current crises, human and political rights enshrined in the constitution should be fully implemented; and we need to pave the way for all political forces to participate in a peaceful political engagement and fair competition without any interference.
  • All political parties should come together and establish a pillar institution that would facilitate a smooth political transition which would culminate in the next election that the country is slated to hold.
  • Details for a peaceful political transition could be decided by consultations and negotiations among the various political parties, including the ruling party, with the aim of fully realizing the rights protected in the constitution.

(END)

33 Comments

  1. I hate your article because you waste your time talking and repeating yourself. You do not even know how to compose an article. The same thing from the beginning and end TPLF bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla. I do not blame you because you have no the capacity. The problem is not about minority and majority as you tell us. The problem is about bad policies, not about METEC, and office. You are using the article for your own narrow, chauvinistic agenda. The article does not attack anyone, it is not personal or does not say what you are telling us here. We also read the article. We do not understand they you do understand it. The article is the best one I have ever read from any Ethiopian so far. It is highly professional and that is written from one from those of whom you call minority? I suggest you clean yourself from blind hatred.

  2. I hate your article because you waste your time talking and repeating yourself. You do not even know how to compose an article. The same thing from the beginning and end TPLF bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla. I do not blame you because you have no the capacity. The problem is not about minority and majority as you tell us. The problem is about bad policies, not about METEC, and office. You are using the article for your own narrow, chauvinistic agenda. The article does not attack anyone, it is not personal or does not say what you are telling us here. We also read the article. We do not understand they you do understand it. The article is the best one I have ever read from any Ethiopian so far. It is highly professional and that is written from one from those of whom you call minority? I suggest you clean yourself from blind hatred.

  3. You idiot also talk about International community bla bla. We do not need international community to solve our problem. You sound to me like a baby on diaper? Which country has solved its problem using international community? You are worthless man who think you know more than you do. Ethiopia does not need international community to meddle in it. There is international community that is solving problem in Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Libya,Iraq, … stop your Paranoia blabbering. Ethiopia has problem and every country has problems. Good country and independent countries do not need diapers .

  4. You idiot also talk about International community bla bla. We do not need international community to solve our problem. You sound to me like a baby on diaper? Which country has solved its problem using international community? You are worthless man who think you know more than you do. Ethiopia does not need international community to meddle in it. There is international community that is solving problem in Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Libya,Iraq, … stop your Paranoia blabbering. Ethiopia has problem and every country has problems. Good country and independent countries do not need diapers .

  5. I want to extend my heartfelt appreciation and respect. Even though it seems too late it is fairly good analysis and insightful opinion. Of course, the country is in political crises and bad shape. The only way out is to respect the full political rights of the citizens like it spelled out in the constitution. Give back the real power to the people. Abide by the rule of law, honor the judgment and choice of the citizens.Please avoid using military force. Rather engage in dialogue and try to find peaceful solution. If you stay negligent and arrogant I am afraid the inevitable will definitely come.
    I do not agree on the current crises is being instigated by external enemy force. I found this opinion as being irrsponsible to the peoples’ effort who try to be heard.
    The rest part is appealing to me and I hope we all can gain good insight. Much more the government can.

  6. I want to extend my heartfelt appreciation and respect. Even though it seems too late it is fairly good analysis and insightful opinion. Of course, the country is in political crises and bad shape. The only way out is to respect the full political rights of the citizens like it spelled out in the constitution. Give back the real power to the people. Abide by the rule of law, honor the judgment and choice of the citizens.Please avoid using military force. Rather engage in dialogue and try to find peaceful solution. If you stay negligent and arrogant I am afraid the inevitable will definitely come.
    I do not agree on the current crises is being instigated by external enemy force. I found this opinion as being irrsponsible to the peoples’ effort who try to be heard.
    The rest part is appealing to me and I hope we all can gain good insight. Much more the government can.

  7. Lemlem,

    These are some of the things the general said in Amharic:-

    Lt. General Tsadkan Gebre Tensay’s article

    “”በማጠቃለል፣ አሁን አገራችን ያለችበት ሁኔታ የህዝብ አመኔታ በመንግስት ላይ በጣም ዝቅተኛ የሆነበት፣ በህዝቦች መሃከል ያለው መቀራረብ እና መዋደድ የቀነሰበት፣ ጥላቻ እየበረታና በግልፅ እየተነገረ፣ የህዝቦች የእርስ በርስ መናቆር እንዳይመጣ የሚፈራበት ስለሆነም ውስጣዊ አንድነታችን በጣም የላላበት፣ የመንግስት መዋቅር የመፈፀም አቅሙ ደካማ የሆነበት፤ ከዚህ የተነሳም ህዝቡ ተስፋ የቆረጠበት፣ በያካባቢው ፖለቲካዊ ችግሮች ሲነሱ በታጠቀ ሃይል (ፖሊስና መከላከያ) የሚፈታበት፣ ህዝቡ አሁን የሚታየው ችግር ይፈታል፣ አይፈታም፣ እንዴት ይፈታል እያለ ከፍተኛ ጥርጣሬ ውስጥ የገባበት ሁኔታ ውስጥ ነው ያለነው።””

    This is about the recent events in Gondar,Oromia,etc Dodola being the current one.

    “”እዚህ አንድ ማንሳት የምፈልገው ጉዳይ የሀገርን በኢንዱስትሪ ዕድገት ለማፋጠን የሚደረገው እንቅስቃሴ በዋናነት በጄኔራሎች የሚመራበት መንገድ አይገባኝም፡፡ በተለምዶ ሜቴክ እየተባለ የሚጠራው አደረጃጀት በሀገሪቱ ያሉትን የሃይል ማመንጫ፣ የስኳር ፋብሪካ፣ የባቡር ሃዲድ ስራዎች እንዲሰራ ኃላፊነት ተሰጥቶታል፡፡ እነዚህ ስራዎች ሃገር ውስጥ ቢሰሩ ጥሩ ነው፡፡ ግን ለምን በጄኔራሎቹ ቁጥጥር ስር ይሆናሉ? በሀገር መከላከያ ውስጥ የሚገኝ ቴክኒካል ብቃት ካለ ታንክን፣ አውሮፕላን፣ ተሽከርካሪዎችን፣ የመገናኛ መሳሪያዎችን ወዘተ ይጠግን ብቃት ካለውም ይፈብርክ፡፡ ከዚህ በላይ ብቃታቸው ተፈላጊ የሆኑ የሰራዊት አባላት ካሉም በሲቭል መዋቅሩ ውስጥ ገብተው ስራውን ይስሩ፡፡ ምንም እንኳን በህግ ራሱን የቻለ አወቃቀር ያለው ቢሆንም አሁን ከሀገር መከላከያ ጋር ያለው ቁርኝት ግን አላስፈላጊ ነው እላለሁ፡፡

    ይህ ግዙፍ በጀት ያለው አደረጃጀት በህግ አውጭው አካል ተጠያቂ እንዳይሆን የሀገር የብሄራዊ ደህንነት ጉዳይ እየተባለ የሚሸፋፈን ነገር እንዲኖረ ስለዚህም ተጠያቂነት የሌለው ብክነት እንዲኖር ሁኔታዎችን ያመቻቻል፡፡ ከዚህ በተጨማሪም ስራ በመስጠትና በመከላከል በሀገሪቱ ፖለቲካዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ መቅረት ይችል የነበረ አላስፈላጊ ተፅዕኖ ፈጣሪ ይሆናል፡፡ ይህ በድምር ደግሞ የሀገር መከላከያው ተቋም በሀገሪቱ ፖለቲካዊ ሂወት ያለውን አሉታዊ ተፅዕኖይጨምራል፡፡ እንደ መርህ ግን ወደ ተደላደለ ዴሞክራዊያዊ ስርዓት በሚደረግ ሽግግር የሀገር መከላከያ ሃይል በጠቅላላው በሕብረተሰቡ ያለውን አላስፈላጊ ተፅዕኖ የመፍጠር አቅም መቀነስ ነው መሆን ያለበት፡፡ አሁን በሀገራችን ያለው ሁኔታ ይህንን መርህ የተከተለ አይደለም፡፡””

    Why are the TPLF generals in charge of METEC?
    The Metals and Engineering Corporation (METEC), a government corporation owned by Ethiopia’s ruling oligarchs and run by its generals has reportedly been singled out as the cause of the loss of millions of dollars incurred by a number of government institutions and projects.
    METEC is awarded all major government contracts since it is also run by the same minority political elites who also happen to run the government.
    In my opinion the general is candid, bravely challenging and exposing(already an open secret to the public)the illegal activities
    TPLF can not afford to allow its continuation.

    I was once TPLF supporter.

  8. Lemlem,

    These are some of the things the general said in Amharic:-

    Lt. General Tsadkan Gebre Tensay’s article

    “”በማጠቃለል፣ አሁን አገራችን ያለችበት ሁኔታ የህዝብ አመኔታ በመንግስት ላይ በጣም ዝቅተኛ የሆነበት፣ በህዝቦች መሃከል ያለው መቀራረብ እና መዋደድ የቀነሰበት፣ ጥላቻ እየበረታና በግልፅ እየተነገረ፣ የህዝቦች የእርስ በርስ መናቆር እንዳይመጣ የሚፈራበት ስለሆነም ውስጣዊ አንድነታችን በጣም የላላበት፣ የመንግስት መዋቅር የመፈፀም አቅሙ ደካማ የሆነበት፤ ከዚህ የተነሳም ህዝቡ ተስፋ የቆረጠበት፣ በያካባቢው ፖለቲካዊ ችግሮች ሲነሱ በታጠቀ ሃይል (ፖሊስና መከላከያ) የሚፈታበት፣ ህዝቡ አሁን የሚታየው ችግር ይፈታል፣ አይፈታም፣ እንዴት ይፈታል እያለ ከፍተኛ ጥርጣሬ ውስጥ የገባበት ሁኔታ ውስጥ ነው ያለነው።””

    This is about the recent events in Gondar,Oromia,etc Dodola being the current one.

    “”እዚህ አንድ ማንሳት የምፈልገው ጉዳይ የሀገርን በኢንዱስትሪ ዕድገት ለማፋጠን የሚደረገው እንቅስቃሴ በዋናነት በጄኔራሎች የሚመራበት መንገድ አይገባኝም፡፡ በተለምዶ ሜቴክ እየተባለ የሚጠራው አደረጃጀት በሀገሪቱ ያሉትን የሃይል ማመንጫ፣ የስኳር ፋብሪካ፣ የባቡር ሃዲድ ስራዎች እንዲሰራ ኃላፊነት ተሰጥቶታል፡፡ እነዚህ ስራዎች ሃገር ውስጥ ቢሰሩ ጥሩ ነው፡፡ ግን ለምን በጄኔራሎቹ ቁጥጥር ስር ይሆናሉ? በሀገር መከላከያ ውስጥ የሚገኝ ቴክኒካል ብቃት ካለ ታንክን፣ አውሮፕላን፣ ተሽከርካሪዎችን፣ የመገናኛ መሳሪያዎችን ወዘተ ይጠግን ብቃት ካለውም ይፈብርክ፡፡ ከዚህ በላይ ብቃታቸው ተፈላጊ የሆኑ የሰራዊት አባላት ካሉም በሲቭል መዋቅሩ ውስጥ ገብተው ስራውን ይስሩ፡፡ ምንም እንኳን በህግ ራሱን የቻለ አወቃቀር ያለው ቢሆንም አሁን ከሀገር መከላከያ ጋር ያለው ቁርኝት ግን አላስፈላጊ ነው እላለሁ፡፡

    ይህ ግዙፍ በጀት ያለው አደረጃጀት በህግ አውጭው አካል ተጠያቂ እንዳይሆን የሀገር የብሄራዊ ደህንነት ጉዳይ እየተባለ የሚሸፋፈን ነገር እንዲኖረ ስለዚህም ተጠያቂነት የሌለው ብክነት እንዲኖር ሁኔታዎችን ያመቻቻል፡፡ ከዚህ በተጨማሪም ስራ በመስጠትና በመከላከል በሀገሪቱ ፖለቲካዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ መቅረት ይችል የነበረ አላስፈላጊ ተፅዕኖ ፈጣሪ ይሆናል፡፡ ይህ በድምር ደግሞ የሀገር መከላከያው ተቋም በሀገሪቱ ፖለቲካዊ ሂወት ያለውን አሉታዊ ተፅዕኖይጨምራል፡፡ እንደ መርህ ግን ወደ ተደላደለ ዴሞክራዊያዊ ስርዓት በሚደረግ ሽግግር የሀገር መከላከያ ሃይል በጠቅላላው በሕብረተሰቡ ያለውን አላስፈላጊ ተፅዕኖ የመፍጠር አቅም መቀነስ ነው መሆን ያለበት፡፡ አሁን በሀገራችን ያለው ሁኔታ ይህንን መርህ የተከተለ አይደለም፡፡””

    Why are the TPLF generals in charge of METEC?
    The Metals and Engineering Corporation (METEC), a government corporation owned by Ethiopia’s ruling oligarchs and run by its generals has reportedly been singled out as the cause of the loss of millions of dollars incurred by a number of government institutions and projects.
    METEC is awarded all major government contracts since it is also run by the same minority political elites who also happen to run the government.
    In my opinion the general is candid, bravely challenging and exposing(already an open secret to the public)the illegal activities
    TPLF can not afford to allow its continuation.

    I was once TPLF supporter.

  9. Lemlem, you are an idiot. Do you know the meaning of minority and majority? Aren’t the Tigrians with their 5 million population minority?

    The above article is well written article with full of facts. Lemlem, my be you are one of those Dedebit graduates and you might have some difficulties of understanding it.

  10. Lemlem, you are an idiot. Do you know the meaning of minority and majority? Aren’t the Tigrians with their 5 million population minority?

    The above article is well written article with full of facts. Lemlem, my be you are one of those Dedebit graduates and you might have some difficulties of understanding it.

  11. Makasha, ante warada you are rubbish. Talk about good governance. Do not talk about minority or majority. This minority majority talk is OLF and g7 propaganda. Bullshit gadmet. Stop talking about minority and majority. Talk about ideas. But I know you are rubbish and much much worse than woyanes. Gadmeiet. The problem is bad governance and has nothing to with race or majority or minority. But you will not because you are rubbish, scumbag, low life dirt. The above article is rubbish too. No substance except blabbering about hate and repeating TPLF bla bla bla bla bla bla bla. it started with TPLF bla bla bla bla and it ended with TPLF bla bla bla bla bla bla. No idea there, no alternative idea, no suggestion, nothing. Only blabbering majority, minority, tplf bla bla bla bla bla bla. We are tired of this stupid progaganda minority bla bla bla and majority bla bla bla, tplf bla blal. We need fresh idea. We are tired of TPLF Propaganda and useless opposition minority or majority bla bla bla bla propaganda. We need new people who have new idea. The problem in Ethiopia is not created by TPLF only. Dr. Birrhanu is equally responsible for creating havoc and aborting democratic process becoming refusing to take over addis ababa because he wanted all the power 100%. Everyone wanted 100% winnning? Ethiopia was never a good political situation. It is okay attack TPLF for its sins, but blaming everything on TPLF is not going to make sense. Since the problem in Ethiopia created TPLF, olf, ONLF, EPRLD, EDU, Derg itself. We need to move forward with fresh idea and reformation. Lame blaming and never ending hate propaganda is not going to help Ethiopian people. Keep your hatred inside you.

  12. Makasha, ante warada you are rubbish. Talk about good governance. Do not talk about minority or majority. This minority majority talk is OLF and g7 propaganda. Bullshit gadmet. Stop talking about minority and majority. Talk about ideas. But I know you are rubbish and much much worse than woyanes. Gadmeiet. The problem is bad governance and has nothing to with race or majority or minority. But you will not because you are rubbish, scumbag, low life dirt. The above article is rubbish too. No substance except blabbering about hate and repeating TPLF bla bla bla bla bla bla bla. it started with TPLF bla bla bla bla and it ended with TPLF bla bla bla bla bla bla. No idea there, no alternative idea, no suggestion, nothing. Only blabbering majority, minority, tplf bla bla bla bla bla bla. We are tired of this stupid progaganda minority bla bla bla and majority bla bla bla, tplf bla blal. We need fresh idea. We are tired of TPLF Propaganda and useless opposition minority or majority bla bla bla bla propaganda. We need new people who have new idea. The problem in Ethiopia is not created by TPLF only. Dr. Birrhanu is equally responsible for creating havoc and aborting democratic process becoming refusing to take over addis ababa because he wanted all the power 100%. Everyone wanted 100% winnning? Ethiopia was never a good political situation. It is okay attack TPLF for its sins, but blaming everything on TPLF is not going to make sense. Since the problem in Ethiopia created TPLF, olf, ONLF, EPRLD, EDU, Derg itself. We need to move forward with fresh idea and reformation. Lame blaming and never ending hate propaganda is not going to help Ethiopian people. Keep your hatred inside you.

  13. Weyanewoch ende qunecha mentatat gemeru. They afraid of loosing their power. Down with apparteid weyane. East african zulu folk.

  14. Weyanewoch ende qunecha mentatat gemeru. They afraid of loosing their power. Down with apparteid weyane. East african zulu folk.

  15. Lemlem anchi ye SHABYA ‘ engede lej’. Its better for u to go out from the land of oromo and amhara.

  16. Lemlem anchi ye SHABYA ‘ engede lej’. Its better for u to go out from the land of oromo and amhara.

    • I am pure Ethiopian. There is no land called Oromo or Amhara land. There is only Ethiopians land. Please stop this propaganda this land and that land. For that matter, the Oromos were new comers and did not have land at all. Stop being narrow and stupid. We are all Ethiopians who live in an Ethiopian land, not Oromo land, if you start saying Oromo land? then the rest of Ethiopians will start denying Oromos any claim of land based on solid historical record. So please let us live all of us with respect in the Ethiopians land, not Oromo land. Stop this propaganda Oromo or Amhara bla bla. We tired of wushet. You tells us Woyanes are bad because they talk about ethnics? but you come here and you preach us about Oromo bla bla bla bla bla bla. Stop this nonsense. Stand for the equality of all people. Stop using ethnic or tribe to play dirty politics and by fooling people using their ethnic or tribe as Shabia did and misled Eritreans to where they are today.

      • The minority fascist tplf will be disinterested soon. Oromo people are the owner of that land. They are the majority people of that land. Fascist ever say thank you even though they’re relived from their famine. The new generation will never ever allow you to continue your fascist behaviour. Greedy that all building you built that all gold you steeled from oromo land will be returned to the owner of the land. your nightmare will released soon. The oromo youth already have shown that the can break the tplf fascist power. it is the matter of time when tplf fascist power will disintegrate in front of you.

  17. General Tsadiqan did the worst to Ethiopian people during his time in the regime and now crying false cry. Ethiopian opeple shold NEVER trust this guy who has shedded blood of Ethiopian but pretending as if he is clean handed. Wayamne Yawu Wayane newu. We should never trust TPLF members like this guy.

  18. General Tsadiqan did the worst to Ethiopian people during his time in the regime and now crying false cry. Ethiopian opeple shold NEVER trust this guy who has shedded blood of Ethiopian but pretending as if he is clean handed. Wayamne Yawu Wayane newu. We should never trust TPLF members like this guy.

  19. Shame on lemlem.Any reader has the judgement on the article posted.It is full of substance.please read again what you have posted-lemlem.All is full insult and miscoception conception of democracy.whoever

    define an empire of minority, tplf,is democratic.please for the sake of decency dont come with midiocre argument and disparaging words.May be you are one of the beneficiaries of the system,claiming eminence in every aspect.But please come down to your senses and reality.This media is meant for the elite who have the basic understanding of cocepts not the likes of you,who judge blindly before knowing facts,dont be mean spirited, try to learn basics-lemlem.

    • Fasil & others,

      Lemlem has a point; “minority” propaganda is used by Shabia & others loosely in discussions to a point of clouding the issue at hand sometimes; the author of the article is a master at that. “minority” may not be the problem all of the time as in the following example.

      If we look at South Africa, after ANC take over (majority) the average life expectancy at birth for blacks has reduced by 13 years from 62 in 1990 to 49 in 2007 and is now below the Dictatorship of (minority – Tutsi) in Rwanda which is 52 grown from 25 in 2000. In Rwanda case, the “majority” committed genocide in that country.

      The incidence of HIV/AIDs in South Africa is at 18.5 percent; in “minority” Dictatorship Rwanda it has fallen from 11 percent in 2000 to 3 percent today. Some 60 percent of the black population of South Africa today are worse off than they were under apartheid. Twenty four percent of adults are illiterate; the list goes on and on.

      So repeating “minority” ad nauseam isn’t going to help us see the bigger picture is what Lemlem is saying.

  20. Shame on lemlem.Any reader has the judgement on the article posted.It is full of substance.please read again what you have posted-lemlem.All is full insult and miscoception conception of democracy.whoever

    define an empire of minority, tplf,is democratic.please for the sake of decency dont come with midiocre argument and disparaging words.May be you are one of the beneficiaries of the system,claiming eminence in every aspect.But please come down to your senses and reality.This media is meant for the elite who have the basic understanding of cocepts not the likes of you,who judge blindly before knowing facts,dont be mean spirited, try to learn basics-lemlem.

    • Fasil & others,

      Lemlem has a point; “minority” propaganda is used by Shabia & others loosely in discussions to a point of clouding the issue at hand sometimes; the author of the article is a master at that. “minority” may not be the problem all of the time as in the following example.

      If we look at South Africa, after ANC take over (majority) the average life expectancy at birth for blacks has reduced by 13 years from 62 in 1990 to 49 in 2007 and is now below the Dictatorship of (minority – Tutsi) in Rwanda which is 52 grown from 25 in 2000. In Rwanda case, the “majority” committed genocide in that country.

      The incidence of HIV/AIDs in South Africa is at 18.5 percent; in “minority” Dictatorship Rwanda it has fallen from 11 percent in 2000 to 3 percent today. Some 60 percent of the black population of South Africa today are worse off than they were under apartheid. Twenty four percent of adults are illiterate; the list goes on and on.

      So repeating “minority” ad nauseam isn’t going to help us see the bigger picture is what Lemlem is saying.

      • Thank you my brother.My hat off for you. I am glad there are people like you have brains. These people like the writer has no any gray matter except bombarding us with redundancy of ignorance and hatred. This is just myopic view. Singing minority, majority is nonsense.

  21. I am writing this email in supplementing of your idea that will pave the way for reconciliation between different parties and the government of Ethiopia before our country fall in notorious man made disaster . Bear in mind that generation will pass overtime but the country remains forever. Let us not inherit hate for the next generation .
    The Ethiopian government bear responsibility for acts of inhuman , destabilizing the regions , cruel torture and degrading treatment committed against detainees held in Oromiya , Gonder , Gamogofa , Ogaden etc. There are reasonable grounds to believe that the Ethiopian government or subordinates in the government chain of command committed crime against his people . A lot of people have had several comments over the past twenty five years about determining the fate of the country . The government frequently propagating as if they can improve the living standard of citizens and establish a better civilian society , but practically the opposite is happening .
    In your recent article the existence of a concern will create the need for some type of mediation followed by reconciliation and ultimately a discussion with opposition groups . We have to peruse all groups to leave behind what has happened before and let bye gone be bye gone . There are some concerns that lead us to see the case very carefully . I e-mail you in the hope that you can facilitate the Ethiopian government to honor start immediate talk between all concerned stalk-holders to take part and decide the future of our beloved country . If you welcome my suggestion there are a selected few and established nongovernmental organization who are relentlessly working to bring peace and justice for Ethiopia . I hope you will consider this case sympathetically and do your best to bring sustainable peace and development for our country .
    I am ready to do my best for my beloved Ethiopia .
    Thank you !
    Takele

  22. I am writing this email in supplementing of your idea that will pave the way for reconciliation between different parties and the government of Ethiopia before our country fall in notorious man made disaster . Bear in mind that generation will pass overtime but the country remains forever. Let us not inherit hate for the next generation .
    The Ethiopian government bear responsibility for acts of inhuman , destabilizing the regions , cruel torture and degrading treatment committed against detainees held in Oromiya , Gonder , Gamogofa , Ogaden etc. There are reasonable grounds to believe that the Ethiopian government or subordinates in the government chain of command committed crime against his people . A lot of people have had several comments over the past twenty five years about determining the fate of the country . The government frequently propagating as if they can improve the living standard of citizens and establish a better civilian society , but practically the opposite is happening .
    In your recent article the existence of a concern will create the need for some type of mediation followed by reconciliation and ultimately a discussion with opposition groups . We have to peruse all groups to leave behind what has happened before and let bye gone be bye gone . There are some concerns that lead us to see the case very carefully . I e-mail you in the hope that you can facilitate the Ethiopian government to honor start immediate talk between all concerned stalk-holders to take part and decide the future of our beloved country . If you welcome my suggestion there are a selected few and established nongovernmental organization who are relentlessly working to bring peace and justice for Ethiopia . I hope you will consider this case sympathetically and do your best to bring sustainable peace and development for our country .
    I am ready to do my best for my beloved Ethiopia .
    Thank you !
    Takele

  23. The article by Honorable Lt. General Tsadqan is really a timely and if implemented with a potential of salvation to the country. It is an article meant to salvage our country from the quagmire it seems it is going down to. It is written with concern for the future of our country and love of its people. It is written purely with that objective with no hidden agenda behind it. It is written from an experienced freedom fighter who joined the armed struggle since young age all through to entering the capital Addis Ababa victoriously in 1991. The value of the article becomes priceless when we understand that it comes from a person who has passed through all the hardships and ups and downs of the modern nation building of the country and helped build and knows the ins and outs outs of the ruling party. What I like about genuine Tigrayans is that their stand regarding their country emanates not from greed for power but out of pure love of their country and their people. Can I humbly ask then that ‘Can anyone claim to be more Ethiopian than the Tigrayans?’ I would even go further to assert that it may be the last best hope for our country to go out of the trap it seems to be caught in and move forward triumphantly. I hope the article will never pass unnoticed by the authorities of the incumbent EPRDF government.
    Regarding the commentary written on Gen. Tsadqan’s proposal, I would like to thank for writing and sharing his viewpoint. But I am really worried by his usage of the word “minority regime” many times about seven times to be precise. For me this is very alarming. It shows me that he himself is guilty of ethnicity. What does that mean? Can’t a person from minority ethnic origin be elected to the highest office of the country? This is really intriguing. That is why the minority ethnic groups are always suspicious of you people who claim to come from majority ethnic groups. Your utter motive seems to usurping the political power only to repeat the history of suppression, exclusion and dehumanizing of of whole population of what you termed as ‘minority’. What unfortunate situation this is? Some people think that the power game of the country is only between the Tigrayans and Amharas. I think the Oromos should play a pivotal role and say ‘enough is enough’. The country belongs to all nations and nationalities and peoples of the country.
    Anyway what I want to say is that You should have focused only on bad deeds, policies, intentions, etc. you perceived of the incumbent government. You should never have mentioned about ‘minority’ or ‘majority’ ethnic group. Otherwise we become suspicious of your motives and intentions. Because we well know what it means to be a minority in the previous regimes. By using the very word ‘minority’ in your article, it betrays your intention that you are not accommodative of all ‘minority’ nations and nationalities of the country. Due to this fact, your idea should be eliminated as a possible future option to guide the policies of the country…
    God bless our country!

  24. The article by Honorable Lt. General Tsadqan is really a timely and if implemented with a potential of salvation to the country. It is an article meant to salvage our country from the quagmire it seems it is going down to. It is written with concern for the future of our country and love of its people. It is written purely with that objective with no hidden agenda behind it. It is written from an experienced freedom fighter who joined the armed struggle since young age all through to entering the capital Addis Ababa victoriously in 1991. The value of the article becomes priceless when we understand that it comes from a person who has passed through all the hardships and ups and downs of the modern nation building of the country and helped build and knows the ins and outs outs of the ruling party. What I like about genuine Tigrayans is that their stand regarding their country emanates not from greed for power but out of pure love of their country and their people. Can I humbly ask then that ‘Can anyone claim to be more Ethiopian than the Tigrayans?’ I would even go further to assert that it may be the last best hope for our country to go out of the trap it seems to be caught in and move forward triumphantly. I hope the article will never pass unnoticed by the authorities of the incumbent EPRDF government.
    Regarding the commentary written on Gen. Tsadqan’s proposal, I would like to thank for writing and sharing his viewpoint. But I am really worried by his usage of the word “minority regime” many times about seven times to be precise. For me this is very alarming. It shows me that he himself is guilty of ethnicity. What does that mean? Can’t a person from minority ethnic origin be elected to the highest office of the country? This is really intriguing. That is why the minority ethnic groups are always suspicious of you people who claim to come from majority ethnic groups. Your utter motive seems to usurping the political power only to repeat the history of suppression, exclusion and dehumanizing of of whole population of what you termed as ‘minority’. What unfortunate situation this is? Some people think that the power game of the country is only between the Tigrayans and Amharas. I think the Oromos should play a pivotal role and say ‘enough is enough’. The country belongs to all nations and nationalities and peoples of the country.
    Anyway what I want to say is that You should have focused only on bad deeds, policies, intentions, etc. you perceived of the incumbent government. You should never have mentioned about ‘minority’ or ‘majority’ ethnic group. Otherwise we become suspicious of your motives and intentions. Because we well know what it means to be a minority in the previous regimes. By using the very word ‘minority’ in your article, it betrays your intention that you are not accommodative of all ‘minority’ nations and nationalities of the country. Due to this fact, your idea should be eliminated as a possible future option to guide the policies of the country…
    God bless our country!

  25. The writer is racist, ethnicist, tribalist. The writer believes someone from majority has to assume power? if that is the case? then where is the beef? This all mama Ethiopia is hollow or pure lies. Mamma Ethiopia must be a mother for all Ethiopians, not only for majority bla bla. I have to admit TPLF is not good,but those who oppose TPLF are even just worse than TPLF. A point in case, they told us TPLF is bad because it fought Ethiopia together with Shabia? but today, the same people are in bed with Shabia doing the same thing TPLF has done 25 years ago? For them, it is okay if they do wrong things as long as it is them who does it. Do you see the contradiction ? Two wrong things does not make anything right. Wrong is wrong whether you yourself do it or others do it. Wrong is wrong and you must never repeat the wrong things others did. If you do, you are just another bullshit. In this article there is no any substances in it except telling us they are minority ? for the writer, the problem is not democracy, policy, governance, equality, transparency, accountability, impartiality, … for him the problem is the people on power are from Tigreans? that is his big problem. This writer he uses this minority and majority propaganda on daily basis wherever he is. I have listened to him in all his participation in forums, … he knows nothing except chewing this minority propaganda as if people have to assume power based on number of their tribe. If power is assumed based on tribal numbers, then where is the beef? because you are majority does not mean you have to assume power? if that is the case, that is not democracy. i hope the regime listen to LGG so that people like this author will not get chance to destroy our country by fanning hatred.

  26. In case Dr. Mesay has not seen it, he will find Lt. General Tsadkan’s incisive but humble response if he searches at the following address: http://hornaffairs.com/en/2016/07/31/general-tsadkan-response-prof-messay-kebede/

    Hopefully this will bring Dr. Mesay down from the ivory tower of academia and see things differently and objectively. That’s what Lt. General Tsadkan calls pragmatism as applied to the current pressing situation in our country.

    It appears that Lt. General Tsadkan is obliged to write in English which he managed well. More interesting than his English is his candidness and civility in addressing Dr. Mesay’s remarks in a manner devoid of emotion.

    Lt. General Tsadkan’s response clarifies several points which, I believe, will help Dr. Mesay and many others of the same political persuation to reflect long and hard on issues.

    Again, I feel that Unless Dr. Mesay and others moderate their rhetoric, propegating animocity to underme and topple the government will eventually be destructive.

    As I said somewhere, the opposition both in the diaspora and in the country is irrelevant force to introduce positive change in the country due to alienation. Who matters are the people on the round who face the government and put forward demands, the government itself and positive thinkers like Lt. General Tsadkan.

    I hope cooler heads prevail at last.

  27. Tsadkan wants to keep the status quo through cosmetic changes that eventually will help him keep his Beer Factory.

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