How History and the 1931 Ethiopian Constitution Perceive the Ethiopians

5 mins read

By Prof. Getachew Haile

This short article addresses the issue of how Ethiopia’s social and political problems are sometimes baseless, or based on minor misunderstandings. The Amharic section of the Voice of America (VOA) included a three-part discussion on the history of Ethiopia between Dr. Beyana Soba, a lawyer; Dr. Berhanu Mengist, a professor of conflict resolutions; and myself, a historian. A historian discussing history with non-historians might seem strange, but the end-result shows that it was actually not. Dr. Beyana represented people who believe that Ethiopian history, as they read it, neither includes them nor respects their human dignity. Dr. Berhanu’s place is obvious, as the views of Dr. Beyana and me occasionally conflict. I am satisfied that the discussion took place in this setting because I could hear the complaints of the so-called oppressed people from the source and rebut them. I thank Weyzero Tizzita for conducting the discussions and the VOA for broadcasting them [The discussions are on Ethiopia.org].

The purpose of this note is not to accuse anyone of distorting facts and thereby spoil the friendly atmosphere that prevailed during the discussion. The first misunderstanding came from the reading of the first article of the 1931 Ethiopian Constitution. It reads as follows:

The territory of Ethiopia, in its entirety, is, from one end to the other, subject to the government of His Majesty the Emperor. All the natives of Ethiopia, subjects of the Empire, form together the Ethiopian Empire.
Google will help find the constitution on the Internet if one searches for it under The Ethiopian Constitution of 1931 and reads the quotation him/herself. Some of the comments I read about it show how much it has been misunderstood. As you hear it in the recorded copy of the discussion, Dr. Beyana repeats the same misunderstanding. He believes and expands his belief, lauding the Constitution’s honesty in admitting the truth, that for the Ethiopian government, the Ethiopian people are of two classes, natives and subjects. He did not identify by name during the discussion who are the natives and who are the subjects, probably because no one asked him. But it is clear from his description that the natives and the subjects are, respectively, the conquerors and the vanquished “during Menelik’s wars of expansion.”

In my attempt to explain that the word subject refers to native in a different way, I even mentioned that English grammarians call this kind of sentence structure “noun in apposition,” where the latter (subject) emphasizes the former (native) in a different use of the word, like an adjective. If the words represented two different classes of people, they would have been conjoined with the word and, as in natives and subjects. But the phrasing does not put it so; and no government would ever divide its people into classes.

As I said, this misunderstanding comes from the fact that our knowledge of the English language is weak. Look how the word “subject” is used in the first sentence to describe the Ethiopian territory: “The territory of Ethiopia, in its entirety, is, from one end to the other, subject to the government of His Majesty the Emperor. Here “subject” does not exclude the territories that Menelik inherited. In fact, the 1955 constitution revises the article this way:

All Ethiopian subjects, whether living within or without the Empire, constitute the Ethiopian people.
The revision is not to call us all vanquished people by calling us all subjects but to avoid the possible misunderstanding of the word native in the plural form as a collection of tribes.

The question that Ethiopian history neither includes the people of the South nor respects their human dignity was discussed as much as time allowed. As the recording shows, we started far apart but ended up agreeing that inclusive historical events quoted from the sources during the discussion need to be included in the school curriculums. This is a noble outcome of the discussion and what we should strive to do if we ever survive the TPLF’s onslaught of the country and its history. In a forthcoming Amharic article I will briefly expand the quoted historical sources on the participation of the Oromo in the history of Ethiopia.

25 Comments

  1. I understand that Zehabesha is not going to post this message. But, just in case.
    Good job, Baby. You put it in a way it perfectly satisfies your chauvinistic ego. You quote Geez and think you are always correct. No one knows where that quotation comes from. You are taken for granted and no one questions the authenticity of your source. More amazing is that you call yourself a linguist at one time and a historian at another, just turning from one side to another and cheat the unsuspecting audience. I am sorry that we people see you degenerating to this level. Keep on hallucinating, Baby!

  2. I understand that Zehabesha is not going to post this message. But, just in case.
    Good job, Baby. You put it in a way that perfectly satisfies your chauvinistic ego. You quote gee and think you are always right. No one knows where that quotation comes from. You are taken for granted and no one questions the authenticity of your source. More amazing is that you call yourself a linguist at one time and a historian at another just turning from one side to another and cheating the unsuspecting audience. I am sorry that we see you degenerating to this level. You have become an embarrassment to our Habasha pride. Keep on hallucinating, Baby!

  3. I am sorry for Dr. Beyan Asoba to have had debate with this stupid so called ‘historian’. ******* Beyana Soba is not his name. Bullshit !

  4. Dear Getachew,

    I wonder why Dr Getachew fails to portray what we call “Ethiopiawi Chawanet!” Perhaps even the word chawa may have different connotations to Ethiopia’s elites depending on where they stand. For me, the most fundamental moral value of decency lies in respecting others – be it at individual or group level. Dr Getachew had a lengthy discussion with Dr Beyan Asoba. Dr Beyan is a well known Oromo figure whose name has been regularly written or mentioned in various media outlets, both domestic and international. Dr Getachew would need to check and confirm about correct spelling of the name of the person he is talking about. It will take him only a couple of minutes. But he chooses not to “waste” any time in doing such a thing. He can just call this person what he wants, so he chose to call him Beyana Soba!

    At first glance this may not sound such a big deal. But it speaks volumes about the identity of Dr Getachew. In fact, it sums up the essence of simmering conflicts between Amhara and Oromo. It shows distasteful arrogance. We are trying to correct past mistakes including cruel ways names of people and places have been changed. Even while discussing that very issue, this man does it again, as they say bad habits die hard. He chooses Beyana, because he cannot stand an Oromo name which does not have a sprinkle of Amharic in it. So, willy-nilly Beyan has to be replaced by Beyana! This has happened throughout modern Ethiopian history, god knows how many Oromos live with a scar on their name, and stick to names given to them by reckless individuals simply because they lived with on all their documents.

    Deep seated in this whole affair is attitude problem. We often talk about how to revise and correct Ethiopian history, so that it would embrace all Ethiopia and fully reflect its diverse culture. I would argue, the natural starting point for this is change in ATTITUDE change, particularly among the relatively young, for there is little chance to teach an old dog a new trick! People like Dr Getachew should refrain from taking a part in re-writing Ethiopia’s history. The best they can do is to stay silent.

    There is an ominous prospect of Dr Getachew write yet another piece in Amharic on “misunderstandings” in Ethiopian history, and particularly the role Oromos have played in it. But long before he writes it, it is easy to imagine how he will start, develop and conclude the prose – it all too familiar. And I wish Dr Getachew would recognize that. In a world where everyone is equally clever, there is no point trying to fool any one. It is much more fruitful be humble, like most mature and intelligent people do. That will improve understanding on how to go about improving relations now and in the future as well as healing past troubles.

    • @ Bonsa
      I hope you are genuinely trying to help Dr. Getachew to correct himself on his repeated attempt of misreading or miswriting Oromo names- in this case the first name of Dr. Bayan. He wrote Bayan in the way he wanted to call it. As you stated, Dr. Getachew replaced Bayan with Beyana. As you mentioned he was trying to christening Bayan and call him Beyana in a way Beyene is referred to By Oromo. This reminds me in the last years of Haile Selassie at my elementray school where dozens of children were forced to change their deeply meaningful names to the street names of Amharas like, Kebede, Tesfaye Abebe etc. These names are common in elementary schools because of the forceful change of names. I don’t know why they don’t let them use the similar names that they use for Amharas. Those who were forced to change their names at school are from the families who either have never been converted to Orthodox Church or from those who abandoned Orthodox religion and converted to different Christian faith. It was then not uncommon among Attendees of Orthodox church to be forced to adopt the “Christian name” randomly given to their children before even the parents think about school. Those names given by priests, Dabteras or their Decons to oromo children commonly have Gebere- , Walate-, Habte- Haile- etc. the second part of the names were either saints names or names of prominent Coptic leaders in the past.

      It is not a surprise for me seeing Dr. Getachew changing Bayan’s name in his writing as he is a product and “Liqi” of the Abyssinian Orthodox church. He was probably the enforcers of the name changing at the back in the church structure on mandating the name changing. By the way I have known the name Getachew Haile from my childhood as an expert of Geez language and Orthodox Church, not as historian. He was in Ethiopian Language Institute of AAU, not in History Department. Now in this writing Dr. Getachew is introducing himself as Historian. He is probably right. He can be a historian on history of Abyssinian Orthodox church, which is accepted as Ethiopian history by the Abyssinians of today. The Gadamat and gardens of the Orthodox Church are where history of the country is miswritten and got its one-sided reflection. This misreported or miswritten document is referred by their elites as genuine Ethiopian history. The worst is their endless attempt to turn all stones on their way to get oromo accept this wrong and one-sided history of the country. .

      In the above unacceptable piece of writing by Dr. Getachew is not only christening the first name of Dr. Bayan. The worst is the total change of Dr. Bayab’s last name. He replaced his last name of Asoba with “Soba”. Dr. Getachew at least knows some phrases of Oromo language or he asked someone to get Asoba changed to something else and the “transformer” called it “Soba’. This speaks lauder about the direction Getachew is heading with his merciless acts against Oromo individuals s and oromuumaa (oromoness).

      The venue Dr. Getachew and his followers are taking is not the right way for any Amhara whether s/he is “elite” or ordinary member of the community. This road will get them to the cliff. Unfortunately the road will get narrower and one-way soon before it get on the edge of the cliff ahead of them. Once it gets narrower and one-way, Dr. Getachew and his followers could have a chance to get back to make corrections. My advice to Dr. Getachew and his chauvinist followers who look upon him is to change the course now before it is too late to bridge the gap.

      • Hunde,

        You are right, the mischievous motive behind “misspelling” Dr Beyan’s name is clear but I did not want to dwell on it. As Oromo saying goes, kan gadheen nama habareetera kan abbaan of abaaree haachaalu, literally meaning, “if an idiot insults you, refrain from repeating his words”. Now that you’ve alluded to the ulterior motive behind what looks like an innocent mistake, I want to say a few words.

        Like any gentle and intelligent person, Dr Beyan had taken part in the VOA debate in good spirit. The day the debate was conclude, it was over for him. But Dr Getachew must have still been chewing the matter, unsettled and agitated for he was exposed to the truth. He came up with a trick to play with his opponents name, using this to achieve what he could not during the debate. After all he calls himself “bale qine”, an expert in double speak – “sem ina werk”. So, he must have played around with the letters in his opponents name, then he had a ureka moment, like a physicist or a chemist who just discovered a new element! Dr Getachew discovered “Soba” in “Asoba”. He then he planned how to execute it. Finally, the idea for the above article was hatched. Clearly, the article is devoid of any other message except transmitting the intended insult to the gentle man.

        Incidentally, this is not first time that Dr Beyan Asoba had a serious argument with regarding to foul play on his name. I recall, not long ago, Dr Beyan had expressed his irritation and disgust when an eccentric man, otherwise known as Fikre Tolosa, played around with his name. Fikre had got his own beautiful name Tolasa disfigured to make it “Tolosa”, but it looked he was relishing the incident, perhaps this was deliberate; Fikre might have engineered the conversion of “Tola” to “Tolo”, simply because the latter is Amharic. Now, knowing that Dr Getachew and Dr Fikre “research” in the same area as linguists, and possibly, close confidants, I would not rule out them colluding in crafting “Soba” out of Asoba. When some people with infertile minds engage in negative campaigns, then their minds degenerate into spending time in this kind of “creativity”.

        The reader may wonder why I still write “Beyan” instead of “Bayan or Bayyaan”. Well, I respect the way Dr Beyan writes his name. As I hinted in my previous posting, he must have experienced name change from the very outset, like many of us. His parents gave him a beautiful Oromo name, hoping it would be spelt like they say it in Oromo, Bayyaan! However, imperial Ethiopia’s schools never respected Oromo tradition so teachers must have recorded Beyan. This happened to many of us, but we stick to the way our name was originally recorded simply because our documents carry such a name. This is an inconvenient truth we live with, for we cannot undo things that happened decades ago. However, Oromos should not tolerate people who want to perpetuate their evil deeds. What Dr Getachew did this week and Fikre a few months ago are nothing short of foul play. This has got to stop!

        • Bonsa,
          I know this will not be the last from Dr. Getachew to provoke individual Oromo or the Oromo nation. I hope he and his disciples will practice respecting all groups of people and individuals which is a base in building a democratic system that Dr. Getachew is enjoying for the last 30+ years in Minnesota, USA. Democratic right of individuals is not separately sustainable where a democratic right of group of people is undermined.

          Thank you and for now I am done with this article.

      • Dear Hunde
        foolish and narrow thinking. I do not agree with the way you evily twisted things and take. What is wrong if Dr Getacvhew says Beyena by mistake or trying to pronounce in a way he likes it? What do you make us Oromos feel inferior like you do feel. You bring this out of an empty box-just your mind has created it. This is an insult to Me an Oromo. Respect this elderly man. He has his opinion- and if you are different-that is ok and you must not turn to violence and hatred. This is not any Oromos attitude. Where are you from? Do not play cheap politics in the name of Oromos.

  5. i ashamed of u dr. beyan for arguing with this racst person. tezita b is a shamless servant of neftegn trying to keep z statusqo.

  6. Dear Bonsa,

    You have misspelled Prof. Getatchew name. Getachew is the common spelling but this is not how the Professor spells his name. However, this has nothing to do with being “Chewha” or not as it is an innocent error that needs correction.

    Please stick into the subject the Professor has brought and challenge it directly if you have points to argue. Shying away from the fact and making personal attacks will belittle you and the points you are trying to make.

    To All:
    I would like to use this opportunity to commend VOA as well as Prof. Getatchew, Dr. Beyan and Dr. Berhanu for the three part discussion on the History of Ethiopia which is a very important and timely subject that will help us improve from the past and move in the future creating a democratic and prosperous Ethiopia. It is a great place to start and cure the misunderstanding where it has become common for certain groups or individuals distorting history to convince others for their own agenda.

    It is time to move away from the fabrications and fictions on history and start the healing process shaping up future Ethiopia. We need to address what we need to improve and correct our mistakes. We want future Ethiopia to be a paradise for all Ethiopians.

    Among the first actions we need to take is to stop fighting on petty issues and focus on the fundamental ones, challenge decietful groups and history makers and more importantly educate the vast majority that are innocent and have been misinformed by those with agenda. I would liek to extend my appreciation to Professor Getatchew for sharing his vast knowledge in Ethiopian history and educating us. Thank you Professor.

    I also look forward to learn more from the upcoming VOA Interview on Ethio-History from the three individuals. VOA needs to allocoate more time.

    • Tazabi,

      I have no idea what you are talking about. Check the spelling again this man again. Hope you are alright!

    • Dear Tazabi.

      We know where Dr. Getachew is coming from. We know that narrative. What we are saying as Oromos today is that the old narrative is false. The Amhara elites can keep doing what they are good at. That is anything that does not support their version of Ethiopian History is wrong and we know why. It is called self preservation. I do not believe this line of thinking will convince any Oromo who has an ounce of dignity in his or her soul.

  7. Dear Bonsa,

    You have misspelled Prof. Getatchew name. Getachew is the common spelling but this is not how the Professor spells his name. However, this has nothing to do with being “Chewha” or not as it is an innocent error that needs correction.

    Please stick into the subject the Professor has brought and challenge it directly if you have points to argue. Shying away from the fact and making personal attacks will belittle you and the points you are trying to make.

    To All:
    I would like to use this opportunity to commend VOA as well as Prof. Getatchew, Dr. Beyan and Dr. Berhanu for the three part discussion on the History of Ethiopia which is a very important and timely subject that will help us improve from the past and move in the future creating a democratic and prosperous Ethiopia. It is a great place to start and cure the misunderstanding where it has become common for certain groups or individuals distorting history to convince others for their own agenda.

    It is time to move away from the fabrications and fictions on history and start the healing process shaping up future Ethiopia. We need to address what we need to improve and correct our mistakes. We want future Ethiopia to be a paradise for all Ethiopians.

    Among the first actions we need to take is to stop fighting on petty issues and focus on the fundamental ones, challenge deceitful groups and history makers and more importantly educate the vast majority that are innocent and have been misinformed by those with agenda. I would like to extend my appreciation to Professor Getatchew for sharing his vast knowledge in Ethiopian history and educating us. Thank you Professor.

    I also look forward to learn more from the upcoming VOA Interview on Ethio-History from the three individuals. VOA needs to allocate more time.

  8. If I were Obbo Beyan I would not debate with Getachew and If Beyan has calculated political profit for his new party, he should have done this with leaders of Ethiopian oposition parties not with Getacthew.
    It also seems that VOA moderators don’t differentiate a lawyer and historian. Although I consider Getachew not historian for his inclination to ideology of supremacy, the VOA moderator should have invited an Oromo historian not a lawyer.

  9. I really feel sorry for Dr. Getachew to sit down and discuss Ethiopian history with people like Dr. Beyan. Yes, I understand that becase Dr. Beyan is one of the Orromo leaders, just for reconcilation, for the sake of Ethiopian people, Dr. Getachew has to sit down eventhough they do not match at all. Recently we also watched Dr. Merara Dudina, another oromo ethinic organization leader who also doesn’t have any intellecual substance at all. Him, politial organization leader and political science teacher????
    With time, we have had chances to listen to the so called oromo leaders one by one. As we have all witnessed these are bunches of uneducated people.
    One thing I always wonder and makes me mad is where are those real intellectual oromo ethiopian? Instead of writing individually opposing the politics of OLF, why not they come together and form the Orromo Ethiopian party and meet the olfiest publicly and challeng them in oromo or ethiopian history and the poletics. When are they going to save Ethiopia they love. They will regret alot if they allow ethiopia disintigrated by buch of paople who hate ethiopia and the ethiopians in general.
    The olfiets have come out publicly so they should be challenged by Oromo who love ethiopia and ethiopians publicly. In the debate mentioned that was condacted on voa, it would have been much impressive and would have give important lesson for oromos and nonoromo, had people like Dr. Fikre Tolasa and many many oromo intellectual met with Dr.Beyan and other ignorant olf intellectuals. I am longing to see such debate in the near future.the media like voa and and esat have the dutie to facilitate debates between oromos of different political view. Dr. Getachew is already labled “amhara neftegna fizirage” . What is the use of such debate as olfiets orromos do not want to hear from him eventhought what he says and wrights is true.

    WAKE UP OROMO ETHIOPIAN Intellectuals! !!!!
    DON’T BE LATE. ETHIOPIA AND ETHIOPIANS ARE WAITING FOR YOU!!!!!

  10. I read some article which is written against Dr. Beyan Asoba in this website most of them spelt it as Dr. Getachew Haile did. I personally commented how to write in the write but Dr. Getachaw Haile did it again. In my opinion this guys are trying to provoke us by depronouncing our name systematically as they used to call us with bad names. I would like one thing here, do this debtra history doctor enjoy it if I spell his name like Dr.Gimachew Haile?

  11. To Ze Habesha Web Admin –

    Please correct the spelling of Prof. Getatchew it is not spelled as “Getachew.” You have made a mistake since most use this spelling for this name. You can send the Professor email to confirm.

    My other advise to you is not to allow the quality of this forum degrade to the level of kindergarten mentality. Please screen the content before allowing to post comments by your audience. We are here to learn or challenge opinions intelligently but not to spit garbage.

    To All:

    There should be no room in the 21st century to act like the stone-age society with rude manner just because we do not have points to challenge the facts. If we do not like the facts stated on the article and not able to challenge it, we have to accept that we are wrong or have been lied to or misinformed or lied.

    Time to pull cooked history from our pocket and being deceptive for hidden agenda should also be over. I commend the Professor for his courage in telling the truth as it is. Those who disagree come with facts not insults. This is not Teje Bet!

  12. Dr. Getachew from the interviewees, “feyisa ibsa”, and “Tazabi” from the above comments, and their likes out there are so desperate as the demise of their deceitful ideology is nearing its ultimate burial. Thus, they employ any thing and everything they can to save their rotten ideology to limp few years down the road.

    If you look at the Orthodox church’s “liq” Liq mala’ak, Professor, Dr. Getachew’s article, you will see what I’m trying to explain. some times he writes that Oromos burnt down and destroyed “Ethiopia” and they should seek forgiveness; at other times he says Oromos are crucial segment of Ethiopia and they built Ethiopia; he turns around and says their should be reconciliation between Oromo and Amhara; he also dares to interfere in internal Oromo affairs and says Oromos were divided but, Minillik II was the one enabled them to reconcile….. so on and so forth. To me all these are the sign of desperation and WHETHER HE LIKES IT OR NOT THE DAYS AND ERAS OF NAFTEGNA IS LONG GONE!!! WILL NEVER COME BACK!!! My concern is if Dr. Getachew and his likes are able to deceive the progressive Amharas, and they buy into their feudal ideology, it could lead to unintended consequences. I urge/advise moderate, progressive and younger Amharas to be very analytical.
    @Tazabi,
    You didn’t specify which version of history you are calling “fabrication” but my hunch is anything other than what we all were thought for several decades is fabrication. In other words, the glorification of Minillik II, Tewodros, and the 3,000 years history of Ethiopia are genuine from the original factory and the rest is fabrication. kkkkkkkkk!!! TO ME WHAT YOU CONSIDER TRUE HISTORY ARE FICTION. In fact if one in his right mind carefully read and analyze most of them are lies and exaggeration.
    @feyisa ibsa
    Thank you for showcasing the typical Chauvinist attitude. Oromos and the Southern people of the empire are well aware of such school of thought. To you and your likes the ones who accepted other’s supremacy and work to prolong their people’s agony are righteous. On the other hand, the ones that try their best to fight against justice are evil. I listened to the interview Dr. Getachew Haile, Dr. Beyan Asoba and Dr. Birhanu Mengsit conducted in VOA Amharic program. Dr. Beyan was very courteous and friendly in his approach. Above all he was very eloquent in debating his point. Unless you have other measurement to consider, there is NO WAY that Dr. Beyan can not sit and equally debate with Dr. Getachew. Like I said above for us, the subjects of the empire, such attitude had been a day-to-day life. May be some of the people you indicated above as “Oromo Ethiopians” are numb to this treatment or they sold their sole to gain individual pleasure/benefit/fame/material, whatever.
    You repeatedly ask your “Oromo Ethiopians” to come debate with Oromians.
    Let me tell you their is no something called Oromo Ethiopian. These two identities CAN NOT survive simultaneously under the same roof – in this case country. I wish some independent (from the politics of Ethiopia) research organization runs survey to check and see if Oromos prefer Ethiopianess or Oromoness. Obviously the vast majority of Oromos ones they leave Ethiopia, they don’t want to be referred as Ethiopians. That means while back home if they were given the freedom to choose their identity with no harm to them, they would choose Oromo over Ethiopia. My speculation is as the generation before 1991 gets replaced by the younger generation there will hardly be an Oromo that consider his/her self Ethiopian.

    • All Ethiopians from All Ethnic Groups including our young bother Legit –

      Please note that we Ethiopians of all ethnic groups want to know the truth, nothing but the truth, on our HISTORY Let us commend these three individuals for starting this discussion whether we like what they said or not for now, this is just the beginning… The Outlook of Many of us that have been lied so much will change forever if we start learning the facts.

      If someone makes accusation, let him back it with facts. In this article Prof. Getatchew has challenged what Dr. Bayan has said duirng their discussion with good elaboration and facts. Now Dr. Beyan should come and counter the Professors argument respectfully, or expresses that he accepts the point made by the Professor. Both ways I say very good. As one issue of our differences is resolved, we will move forward in dealing with the next issue, and soon will address most of our major differences. This is what we call civilized discussion for progress and reaching the truth. Insults are the voices ignorant as they do not know better. We should feel sorry for them

      The bottom line is, it does not matter who was right or who was wrong on the debate. It is the truth that comes out that helps us in the healing and resolving violence, uncalled disputes and possibly saving many peoples life in which most of the victims have been the very poor Ethiopians and peasants…. but not the policy makers who have been promoting hate

      More importantly, TPLF will have no more chance to use this weakness of our differences as a key weapon to manipulate and creating a major fight between the two major ethnic groups. We know what happened in Rwanda, we should not be fools and gullible for the snakes venom to kiss it and die.

      We should give precendence to the major issue, (the mountains first not the hills)l big issues. As an example, BADME should not our priority but it should be ASSAB. We should ask on how we suddenly have the MOST POPULATED LANDLOCKED COUNTRY IN THE WORLD. Why we pay close to a BILLION to Port fee MORE than our ENTIRE coffee export income. Was ASSAB a personal property of MELES ZENAWI and TPLF to hand it free to the SURPRIZE of THE WORLD. We SHOULD know how countires value the inpmortnace of a PORT

      Do we realize that TPLF’s Ethiopia is pretty much on TOP OF THE CHART on almost all of the NEGATIVE statistical data and BOTTOM LAST on almost all POSITIVE statistical data that utilized as a measuring matrix of the situation of world NATIONS and THEIR POPLULATION and as well as their progress.

      OUR MAIN OBJECTIVE AND FOCUS SHOULD BE in how we can contribute to facilitate the FASTEST DOWNFALL AND DISMATLLING OF the TPLF Minority Ethnic-regime that provides the significant resources for its cronies and ethnic group taking away from the very poor.

      WE will create an EQUAL ETHIOPIA for all. We Unified Ethiopians from All Ethnic Groups will WIN this Fight.

  13. All Ethiopians from All Ethnic Groups including our young bother Legit –

    Please note that we Ethiopians of all ethnic groups want to know the truth, nothing but the truth, on our HISTORY Let us commend these three individuals for starting this discussion whether we like what they said or not for now, this is just the beginning… The Outlook of Many of us that have been lied so much will change forever if we start learning the facts.

    If someone makes accusation, let him back it with facts. In this article Prof. Getatchew has challenged what Dr. Bayan has said during their discussion with good elaboration and facts. Now Dr. Beyan should come and counter the Professors argument respectfully, or expresses that he accepts the point made by the Professor. Both ways I say very good. As one issue of our differences is resolved, we will move forward in dealing with the next issue, and soon will address most of our major differences. This is what we call civilized discussion for progress and reaching the truth. Insults are the voices ignorant as they do not know better. We should feel sorry for them

    The bottom line is, it does not matter who was right or who was wrong on the debate. It is the truth that comes out that helps us in the healing and resolving violence, uncalled disputes and possibly saving many peoples life in which most of the victims have been the very poor Ethiopians and peasants…. but not the policy makers who have been promoting hate

    More importantly, TPLF will have no more chance to use this weakness of our differences as a key weapon to manipulate and creating a major fight between the two major ethnic groups. We know what happened in Rwanda, we should not be fools and gullible for the snakes venom to kiss it and die.

    We should give precedence to the major issue, (the mountains first not the hills)l big issues. As an example, BADME should not our priority but it should be ASSAB. We should ask on how we suddenly have the MOST POPULATED LANDLOCKED COUNTRY IN THE WORLD. Why we pay close to a BILLION to Port fee MORE than our ENTIRE coffee export income. Was ASSAB a personal property of MELES ZENAWI and TPLF to hand it free to the SURPRIZE of THE WORLD. We SHOULD know how countries value the importance of a PORT

    Do we realize that TPLF’s Ethiopia is pretty much on TOP OF THE CHART on almost all of the NEGATIVE statistical data and BOTTOM LAST on almost all POSITIVE statistical data that utilized as a measuring matrix of the situation of world NATIONS and THEIR POPLULATION and as well as their progress.

    OUR MAIN OBJECTIVE AND FOCUS SHOULD BE in how we can contribute to facilitate the FASTEST DOWNFALL AND DISMATLLING OF the TPLF Minority Ethnic-regime that provides the significant resources for its cronies and ethnic group taking away from the very poor.

    WE will create an EQUAL ETHIOPIA for all. We Unified Ethiopians from All Ethnic Groups will WIN this Fight.

  14. It seems most of the above commentators, who appear to belong to narrow ethnicists, have no substance to offer except frivolities, insults and a barrage of innuendos, half-truths and misinformation. I heard the interview and got extremely ashamed that the person who claims to be a law expert, assumingly trained in one of the USA universities, cannot understand a simple grammatical construction. When Dr. Bayan read and interpreted the sub-clause of the 1931 Ethiopian constitution, “All the natives of Ethiopia, subjects of the Empire, form together the Empire of Ehiopia,” I was really really shocked by his utter ignorance of an elementary grammar. He confuses the meaning of a punctuation mark comma and gives it the propriety of “and,” a conjunction, which is used to connect words or sentences that are to be taken jointly. It is amazing to see a person of Dr. Getatchew’s stature and education with this kind of idiots, who are desperate to compensate their utter ignorance and inferiority complex by becoming leaders and spokespersons of defunct and ahistorical tribal order. By discussing with them, Dr. Getatchew is simply enhancing their social standing and megalomania. I admire the professor’s humility and willingness to enlighten them but, on the other hand, I consider it as diservice to those who stand against these bigots. The lawyer should go and learn elementary rules of grammar before trying to boast himself as a leader.
    On a more serious front, the above commentators demonstrate how shallow they are on spending most of their energy on the spelling mistake instead of offering any rational argument that would correct or undermine Dr. Getatchew’s seasoned analysis. As usual, they are trying to divert the attention into frivolities and character assassination. Being untamed wild beasts, perhaps this is the only thing they are apt to: bark and attack. Dr. Getatchew is a world renown scholar, immensely respected leader for his treasured works, and your attack mean nothing for him except showing the depth of your stupidity. Intelligent people respond using their brain, only beasts attack.

  15. Why is Dr. Getachew misrepresenting his Qualification? I thought he is linguist and his study involves the sematic languages? That does not make him a Historian. Is there a credibility problem here.

    • Garo: I hardly understand your point except the fact that you are trying to make a mountain out of a molehill. Do you have anything critical to say against the article? If you do, please write and focus on that. Dr. Getatchew made no misrepresentation of his speciality as in terms of their qualification both historians and linguists are interlocked. Often great linguists are great historians too. For example, Edward Ullendorff is a linguist of Semitic Studies (like Dr. Getatchew) but he is also one of the leading historians in the field. Yet Dr. Getatchew far surpasses him in every aspect. It is time that we should start to appreciate our own kind instead of worshiping the ferenji. It looks like it is you who have a problem, and not the good professor. The problem you have appears quite serious with no remedy or prophylactic device. It seems you are suffering from intense inferiority syndrome, and self-hatred. People in this state of mind badly need help.

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