Horn of Africa Endangered by Untrue Media Attacks on Ethiopia

14 mins read

Lawrence Freeman
February 4, 2021

In January 2021, the world witnessed a barrage of attacks on Ethiopia aimed at undermining the efforts of Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed to preserve the sovereignty of the Ethiopian nation.  This is a dangerous gambit not only for the potential harm it can trigger for the people of Ethiopia, but also for the security of the Horn of Africa.  It is well known that Prime Minister Abiy launched the Prosperity Party (PP) in 2019 to create a non-ethnic centered political party to overcome the rise of ethno-nationalism. Unfortunately, ethnicity is embedded in Ethiopia’s 1995 Constitution. The PP challenged the decades long control over Ethiopia’s political institutions by the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), who then lashed out  against the government in Addis Ababa.

Ethiopia has provided stability in an oftentimes volatile region, as well as economic leadership in East Africa. Neighboring Somalia, where Ethiopia forces have combatted Al Shabaab for many years, is in a precarious state following the removal of U.S. AFRICOM troops to its unsettled and  contentious presidential election. Somalia has also severed diplomatic relations with Kenya.

Additionally, unresolved, and sometimes quarrelsome talks between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia pertaining to the fill rate of Nile waters for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) are still ongoing.

War is Sometimes Necessary

The Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front committed sedition when they attacked the military base of the Ethiopian National Defense Force (NDF) stationed in Mekele, in the early hours of November 4, 2020. They killed NDF soldiers in their sleep and stole munitions for their militia. Prime Minister Abiy had no alternative but to launch a full scale military response to subdue the insurrection conducted by the leadership of the TPLF.

No one can argue that war is not horrible and deadly, and that it causes severe  collateral damage. People are displaced, economy is disrupted, and civilians suffer. No death of a single human being is insignificant because the human race is endowed by the Creator with noble creativity. However, to preserve the nation-state for more than one hundred million Ethiopians living today and for hundreds of millions more in the future, war, when absolutely necessary, must be waged. (Read: Ethiopia’s Conflict: A War Won to Preserve the Nation-State)

I am reminded of the famous Gettysburg Battlefield in Pennsylvania, and the enormous number of American deaths that occurred during the U.S. Civil War. An estimated 700,000 Americans died during this four yearlong brutal war, of which 50,000 were civilians. President Abraham Lincoln was unyielding in his commitment to save the Union, no matter the cost of human life. Lincoln possessed the inner directedness to maintain the Union as an indivisible whole, against the separatist rebels. Had he not, the U.S. would have been destroyed by slavery, and a slave economy; the world today would be entirely different-and for the worse.

Read Aloud:   Cartoon of the day - January 23, 2018

Media Stokes Fears Regarding Tigray

Western media, led by the British, have use inflammatory stories to encourage the withholding of humanitarian aid from Ethiopia, at precisely the moment when it is needed most.

The Washington Post in its  January 27th editorial demands that the US and European Union “should withhold further aid until …government agrees to pursue peace talks,” after accusing Prime Minister Abiy of having “all the earmarks of Ethiopia’s previous dictators.”

More egregiously, is the headline in the January 23rd issue of the London Economist: After two months of war, Tigray faces starvation. In a blatant assault on Ethiopia and Prime Minister Abiy, the Economist accuses the government of  “war crimes” and quotes an unnamed western diplomat who says, “we could have a million dead there in a couple of months.”

Barely a week after the start of the war, with the TPLF insurrectionists still in control of Tigray, CNN printed an inflammatory headline: Mass Killings of civilians in Tigray region, says Amnesty International. CNN writing on the cruel massacre of 600 Ethiopians on the evening of November 9, in the town of Mai-Kadra, south-west Tigray, blatantly failed to report; that it was forces loyal to the TPLF, not the Ethiopian NDF, who committed this atrocity.

The Big Lie

The most often repeated allegation against the Ethiopian government, first reported by the Associated Press (AP) is; that there are 4.5 million Tigrayans in need of immediate lifesaving aid. Under the headline, ‘Extreme urgent need’Starvation haunts Ethiopia’s Tigray, AP reports on January 17, “More than 4.5 million people, nearly the region’s entire population, need emergency food” according to an unnamed source. The article continues, “a [unnamed]Tigray administrator warned that without aid, ‘hundreds of thousands might starve to death’ and some already had, according to minutes obtained by The Associated Press.” Following the AP story, news outlets all over the world including on YouTube videos, recited the same narrative; 4.5 million Tigrayans were starving.

There is a second article in issue of the London Economist sighted above, in a section labelled Famine Crimes, with the headline, Ethiopia’s government appears to be wielding hunger as a weaponwith a subhead, A rebel region is being starved into submissionIn this article, the Economist equates  Prime Minister Abiy with former Ethiopian Marxist dictator, Mengistu Haile Mariam, whose policies contributed to the death of one million Ethiopians during the drought from 1984-1985. They write:

Read Aloud:   Ethiopia at tipping point as Congress mulls human rights bill

“Things were supposed to be different under Abiy Ahmed, the Ethiopian prime minister who was hailed as a reformer when he took charge in 2018, and who won the Nobel peace prize the following year. Yet once again it looks as if hunger is being used as a weapon in Africa’s second-most-populous nation.”

The London based Guardian on January 24, printed an opinion column by Simon Tisdal, entitled, Ethiopia’s leader must answer for the high cost of hidden war in TigrayHe wrote:

“After humanitarian workers finally gained limited access this month, it was estimated that 4.5 million of Tigray’s 6 million people need emergency food aid. Hundreds of thousands are said to face starvation.”

BBC News published the following headline on February 1, Tigray crisis: ‘Genocidal war’ waged in Ethiopia region, says ex-leader, quoting Debretsion Gebremichael, who is leading the TPLF military campaign against Ethiopia.

 Truth or Propaganda?

The estimated population living in the Tigray region is probably from 5 to 5.5 million. Thus, according to the media, 4.5 million or 82-90% of the Tigrayan population need emergency assistance. These figures are too implausible to be considered accurate. UNICEF on November 19, 2020, asserted that there are 2.3 million children in the Tigray region in need of humanitarian assistance. If that were true, it would mean between 40-45% of the Tigrayan population are children, which is improbable.

These exaggerated hysterical claims are designed to inflame public opinion against the government of Ethiopia.

Representatives of the Ethiopian government report, that due to poor infrastructure and underdeveloped land there were 1.8 million Tigrayans in need of aid prior to the military outbreak. TPLF controlled Tigray during this period. As a result of this TPLF instigated conflict, an additional 700,000 are in need, for a total of 2.5 million. While this is an extremely large number of Ethiopians who require assistance, which should not be ignored, it is much less than 4.5 million.

Information provided by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)which coordinates global emergency response, is closer to the figures offered by the Ethiopian government.  OCHA’s January 26, Tigray Region Humanitarian Update reports 950,000 people in need of aid prior to November 4, and projects 1.3 million more Tigrayans will need assistance resulting from the conflict, for a total of almost 2.3 million. In the same update, OCHA reports: “Movements of humanitarian cargo inside Tigray is improving substantially. Last week, four of the submitted cargo requests have been cleared to be dispatched.”

Clearly, living conditions on the ground for millions of Tigrayans is deplorable. Food, non-food, medical and related assistance is urgently needed to prevent further loss of life. However, there is no evidence of mass starvation, and no evidence that Prime Minister Abiy is using food as a weapon against the Tigrayan people.

Read Aloud:   How TPLF Tried to Create Tigrayan Hegemony but Ended Up Leaving Ethiopia Hostage to OLF and Erasing the Sovereign Existence of Ethiopia as a Nation

What the U.S. Should Do

President Biden has an opportunity to create a new U.S.-Africa policy, and contribute to the well-being of Ethiopia, and the Horn of Africa.

The Biden administration should support the sovereign obligation of the Ethiopian government to deploy its military in defense of the nation following the attack by the TPLF on the Ethiopia’s NDF in Mekele. This should extend to denouncing unfounded inciting accusations that the government is using food as a weapon against the Tigrayan people.

The U.S. should immediately utilize its unique military-logistical capability to deliver assistance to the Tigray region. This should include all Ethiopians and refugees who are suffering as a result of the TPLF’s reckless treasonous actions.

President Biden should immediately reverse Donald Trump’s awful decision to withhold $130 million in aid to Ethiopia. The failure to restore this aid at this critical juncture could result in increased suffering.

Contrary to Trump’s interference in the tripartite talks between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia, the U.S. should allow African nations in partnership with the African Union to resolve the remaining concerns regarding the operation of the GERD.

Most importantly, recognizing that the Tigray region, like other sections of Ethiopia are in need of vital categories of infrastructure, the U.S. should invest in the construction of roads, railroads, energy generation, and water management. A nation that provides it citizens with the physical goods and services essential for a rising standard of living is best equipped to mitigate ethnic tensions that often arise from economic marginalization. Let this crisis in Tigray become an opportunity to usher in a new paradigm of U.S.-Africa strategy by President Biden, who should be guided by the wise words of Pope Paul VI: development is the new name for peace.

 Lawrence Freeman is a Political-Economic Analyst for Africa, who has been involved in economic development policies for Africa for over 30 years. He is the creator of the blog: lawrencefreemanafricaandtheworld.com


    • you told the crimes are Exaggerated , but doesn’t mean that there are no crimes ?? hence, PP is confessing to have committed atrocities against its own people as if they are aliens . These could lead Victims of those war crimes to deny their identity and religious affiliation with socalled Ethiopian orthodox church leaders and their organizations.

      Religious leaders are mostly siding with incumbent leaders of various political agenda be it ethnic based or some other. This favoritism makes church leaders like those who are now to fall under the category of false prophets

      By siding with Abiy and Eritrea, You are involving in a crime that could potentially endanger your future generation and history .What is the connection between arresting leaders and bombing african heritages based in TIgray , killing innocents going house to house , raping girls and their mothers and other unimaginable crimes?

      you are claiming nonstop that Tigray is part of Ethiopia and we donot need international intervention ???? Many of us never been supporter of TPLF , but your crimes united us than ever!

      For many of us, TPLF is a patron of Tigray and the only defender of Tigray !upon considering savagery against our people, we decided to support TPLF, the only and super qualified defender of Tigray. We will see if you could make great and unified ethiopia -free of corruption, killings and uncondtional freedom of press and speech.

      • You are enemy of the Ethiopian people and you may be one members of far right and Nazi TOPLF WORSEN THAN NAZI

  1. One thing and one thing is true that news and information can be exaggerated in good time leave alone in a very horrifying time of the current Ethiopia. And this is not avoidable as it involves human behavior and the ruling elites who try hard to hide behind the very public facts surrounding their political arena.
    However, trying to justify a very vivid and horribly painful crimes that have been and being committed by politically motivated elements of both within and outside the ruling elites is terribly disappointing if not very ugly hypocrisy.
    Is it not true that the very disastrous political feud between the two ethnocentric political factions of the former EPRDF ( TPLF and the so called Prosperity) has caused both direct and indirect sufferings of the people in Tigray and elsewhere in the country (Ethiopia)?
    Can’t you see what happened and continued to happen in Benshangul-Gumuz , Oromia and Southern Ethiopia where there was no and there is no conventional war with the very clear involvement of the the ruing party and the government it controls ?
    Did you really watch with some sort of sympathy how hundreds of innocent citizens including born and unborn children , mothers who had their babies in their arms, the elderly, and so on slaughtered and damped in one massive grave just like any other waste? So, how you dare to justify the very unjustifiable political crimes committed not only under the ruling elites watch but also with the incitement and participation of elements of the ruling part and the government it controls?
    Didn’t you hear how the ruling elites ruthlessly and stupidly tried to make these kinds of extremely disastrous crimes just the results of conflicts as if they were not genocidal crimes ?
    Can you honestly imagine how things can be extremely worse in Tigray because of the war between the alive (so called Prosperity and the dead but not decade (TPLF) factions of the former EPRDF ?
    Did you have any chance to go around some areas of disaster let alone around areas that are terribly suffering because of no accessibility either to the media or the necessary humanitarian assistance ?
    Don’t you know that the majority of the people there were dependent on the so called safety net or work for survival?
    Don’t you know people in a relatively peaceful areas are struggling for mere survival because of the very dirty and ruthless political game of ruthless and totally idiotic political elites and their allies leave alone people in Tigray who are victims of the war between the cruel factions of the same political ideology family ?

    Let me repeat that it is true that things can be exaggerated not simply because of human behavior or some other motivations . But to take this very general truth and equate with the very vivid and horribly painful situation in Tigray and elsewhere in the country is an insult to the people who have been victims of a politically motivated untold sufferings for a three decades and sadly enough without any feasible end . I am sorry to say but I have to say that I do not think this kind of lobby for the ruling elites whose hands are stained with the very blood of countless innocent Ethiopians for three decades and who are not genuinely willing and and able to regret and make what they horribly made wrong right is not a healthy and genuine mind set at all!! Please do not add salt to the very painful wound of the people for three decades and still without a feasible end of the the very gamblers of the deadly ethnocentric politics!!

    • You are enemy of the Ethiopian people and you may be one members of far right and Nazi TOPLF WORSEN THAN NAZI

  2. Many thanks Lawrence Freeman for your unbiased reporting. It’s been very long since we see this kind of investigative journalism. Almost all the western media were just bluffing and being so low in their intellectual analysis and have turned out to be social media junks. Thanks again for this. The truth shall set you free.

  3. The two writers above who criticise the article are ignoring certain facts
    1. The fighting in Tigrai was started
    by the TPLF with a cowardly attack on NDF bases.
    2. The TPLF and Jawar Mohammed
    ….spent two years trying to get rid of Abiy/
    ….organised the murder of Halachu and subsequent ethnic genocide
    ….organised the violence in Benishangul.

  4. It is very true Mr. Lawrence. This is the most balanced information that I can get it now a days. Journalists from UK and all over the world did the same during our fight of fascism in the league of Nation, supporting Mosoloni and baffling and Yelling in side the league of Nation against Emperor Hilesilase when he presented the famous speech. The hand of Egypt is extended to create pressure on Ethiopia government and to destabilize the nation. I hope Egypt will find the better way to deal with Ethiopia than sabotaging and destabilizing her lifeline thorough her history. As a man of sense it is expected to treat well your provider and be thankful for the blessings your are receiving for free as well as know how to ask to carry on. Every action Egypt has been doing to this country is not left unnoticed by Every generation of Ethiopians. We are running out of our patient. Yes our proposal is crystal clear to swim together or sink together. it is up to Egypt which one to pick.

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