Addis Ababa (AFP)
March 11, 2021
ADDIS ABABA: Ethiopiaâ€™s Amhara region has denied that its forces were engaged in â€œethnic cleansingâ€ in conflict-hit Tigray, one day after US Secretary of State Antony Blinken used the phrase in public testimony. Earlier this week, Tigrayan officials accused Amhara forces of kicking thousands of people off land in western Tigray â€” a part of the region that ethnic Amharas claim rightfully belongs to them.
Appearing before Congress on Wednesday, Blinken said â€œacts of ethnic cleansingâ€ had been committed in western Tigray, calling for them to â€œstopâ€ and for â€œfull accountability.â€ In an interview, Amhara spokesman Gizachew Muluneh dismissed reports of ethnic cleansing and large-scale displacement as â€œpropaganda.â€ â€œA few Tigrayans may be displaced, a few in number,â€ he said. Gizachew also said Blinkenâ€™s call for Amhara forces to leave Tigray was misguided, claiming the territory where these forces were present would actually be considered part of Amhara from now on. â€œThere are not any Amhara forces in Tigray region. These areas are not Tigrayan areas, in history,â€ Gizachew said. â€œIf the Secretary (Blinken) is talking about these areas, these areas are not Tigrayan. Our forces are not in the Tigrayan areas, rather our forces are in Amhara region. That is our response.â€ Ethiopia is made up of 10 semi-autonomous federal states organized along ethnic lines, and ethnic violence has soared in recent years.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed launched a military campaign in Tigray in November after blaming the regionâ€™s ruling party, the Tigray Peopleâ€™s Liberation Front (TPLF), for attacks on army camps. Abiy, winner of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize, leaned on forces from Amhara to secure western and southern Tigray once the TPLF retreated from those areas, and Amhara officials set up transitional administrations in multiple cities and towns.
It was a sensitive move, given that many ethnic Amharas believe the once-dominant TPLF illegally incorporated the fertile territories after it came to power in the early 1990s â€” and that they should fall under Amhara administration.
Blinkenâ€™s remarks on Wednesday confirmed the substance of a New York Times report last month that said that an internal US government report determined there was â€œethnic cleansingâ€ in western Tigray.
The report, according to the newspaper, said entire villages had disappeared in an effort to make western Tigray â€œethnically homogeneous through the organized use of force and intimidation.â€ Abiyâ€™s government has not announced any formal decision on whether western and southern Tigray would be annexed by Amhara. His office on Thursday referred questions to the foreign ministry, which did not immediately respond to a request for comment.