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Ethiopia blames ‘foreign enemies’ for stoking unrest

(Aljazeera) — Ethiopia has accused “foreign enemies” of arming, training, and financing groups it blames for a wave of unrest in regions around the capital, Addis Ababa, a day after a six-month state of emergency was imposed.

At a news conference on Monday government spokesman Getachew Reda named Eritrea, which has a long-running border dispute with Ethiopia, and Egypt, which is embroiled in a row with Addis Ababa over sharing Nile water, as sources of backing for “armed gangs”.

Ethiopia declares state of emergency as protests continue

“There are countries which are directly involved in arming, financing and training these elements,” said Reda.

Reda said, however, it could be elements who do not have formal government support acting rather than “state actors”.

Egypt last week denied providing any support for Ethiopian protestors.

Ethiopia’s government is facing the biggest challenge of its 25 years in power, with anti-government protests spreading, foreign-owned companies targeted, and a harsh security crackdown that has killed hundreds so far while failing to quell the unrest.

“The kind of threats we are facing, the kind of attacks that are now targeting civilians, targeting civilian infrastructures, targeting investment cannot be handled through ordinary law enforcement procedures,” Reda said.

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Protesters from the majority Oromo and Amhara ethnic groups say they are marginalised by the minority Tigrayan-led government, which they accuse of monopolising power and controlling the economy.

“The internet in Ethiopia has been blocked for at least the past week and the few people on the ground that we spoke to said the state of emergency is nothing more than to suppress the protests,” Al Jazeera’s Fahmida Miller reported from Mombasa, in neighbouring Kenya.

“[They] are concerned by the possibly heavy hand security forces will use.”

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Reda alleged Egypt had trained and financed the rebel Oromo Liberation Front (OLF).

“We know for a fact that the terrorist group OLF has been receiving all kinds of support from Egypt,” said Reda. “Its leaders used to be in Asmara [Eritrea] – now they are in Cairo.”

He said “elements in the Egyptian political establishment” were fomenting rebellion, and seeking to promote “historical rights” over access to the River Nile.

State of emergency
On Sunday, Ethiopia declared a state of emergency following months of violent anti-government protests, especially in the restive Oromia region.

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“A state of emergency has been declared because the situation posed a threat against the people of the country,” Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said on state television.

Local media said emergency law, declared for the first time in 25 years, would last for six months.

READ MORE: Ethiopia’s crackdown on dissent takes rising toll

Protests reignited last week in the Oromia region – the main focus of a recent wave of demonstrations – after dozens of people were killed in a stampede on October 2. The deadly crush was sparked by police firing tear gas and warning shots at a huge crowd of protesters attending a religious festival.

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The official death toll given by the government was 55, though opposition activists and rights groups said more than 100 people died as they fled security forces, falling into ditches that dotted the area.

Mulatu Gemechu, of the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress, told the Associated Press on Monday that an informal state of emergency has been in place in Ethiopia for some time, during which people have been arbitrarily arrested and killed.
http://www.ayyaantuu.net/ethiopia-blames-foreign-enemies-for-stoking-unrest/

What is triggering Ethiopia’s unrest?

“Declaring a state of emergency at this time in Ethiopia is aimed at legitimising the killings that we have seen in the Oromia region recently,” Mulatu said. “It won’t solve the public’s problems and will only worsen them. What people are looking for is a radical change. The people now want the setting-up of a transitional or caretaker government.”

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At least 500 people have been killed by security forces since anti-government protests began in November, New York-based Human Rights Watch said in August.

The government says such figures are inflated and has denied that violence from the security forces is systemic. In August, it rejected a United Nations request to send in observers, saying it alone was responsible for the security of its citizens.

Demonstrations started among the Oromo, Ethiopia’s biggest ethnic group, and later spread to the Amhara, the second-most populous one.

Though they initially began over land rights, protests later broadened into calls for more political, economic and cultural rights.

Both groups highlight the fact that the ruling coalition and security forces are dominated by the Tigray ethnic group, which makes up only about 6 percent of the population.

Source: Al Jazeera News And Agencies

8 Comments

  1. ETHIOPIA’S LOST GLORY RECLAIMED BY MAJORITY OVER MINORITY RULING ESTABLISHMENT.

    WILL YOU COLLABORATE IN CELEBRATION OF WELCOMING HAPPY DAYS.

    THE ENLIGHTENED VISION AND DREAM OF BEAUTIFUL ETHIOPIA shall have vibrant DEMOCRACY containing following

    Please join the March to happy days by reading and contemplating what is mentioned

    Nitin varia

    To convene International conference where all opposition parties, civic organisations, religious institutions, respected elders, trade unions and responsible organisations to draw road map for the transitions and come up with “Transitional Charter” for the transition government.
    2. Strong emphasis on national reconciliation and resolution through peaceful means which would avoid further bloodshed and pave for the matured transition.
    3. A council made of all political parties, civic organisations, respected elders, religious leaders, intellectuals, trade union, higher educational institutions representative to be formed.
    4. To avoid further internal struggle and potential bloodshed among these parties, the executive branch of this council which will replace the TPLF ministerial cabinet should be non political aligned respected elders, intellectuals, activists and technocrats.
    The main responsibility of the council and its cabinet should be first and foremost,
    • ensure peace and stability in the country.
    • national reconciliation and peaceful resolution of conflicts and differences.
    • establish commission to investigate the atrocities made by TPLF on the massacres and human right abuses it made in the last 25 years with International organization participation.
    • release of all political prisoners.
    • ensure free press, media and peaceful demonstration
    • establish independent court free from political interference.
    • establish new apolitical police and army. For the time being the current army and police force ( excluding TPLF members and those above the rank of Major) can be considered with addition of opposition armed members to form transitional government police and army forces.
    • bring to justice those who are responsible for the crime committed by the TPLF/ EPRDF.
    • nationalise the economic mafia organisations that belongs to TPLF and its branches …(like EFFORT and others).
    • to compensate those who lost their family members, land and businesses due to TPLF atrocities
    • maintain Ethiopian sovereign territory and continue the developmental works that are of national interest including projects started by previous regime.
    • to create new constitution which treats every citizen equally and ensure the fundamental human right respected and grantee full citizenships with its right and responsibilities.
    • to organise genuine election with in 2 years.
    • to make sure first past the post and also proportional representation election outcome in the new parliament ( ideal for country with different ethnicities and political views, it will deny one party full or 100% control like TPLF))
    • Handover of power to elected government and resolve the council.
    We need the international bodies (UN, OAU, EU, USA, UK and other organisation like Amnesty international, Human Rights and other relevant organisations) to help us during this transition which is also in their best interest.
    For the implementation of such, we need every parties and Ethiopians to be far sighted and work for the better to make TPLF’s regime the last oppressive regime in the history of our country. We have to stand together and treat each other as brothers and sisters of one mother land. We need to be not deflected by selfish motives of ethnicity or religion which we belong to define our common country and future. We need to build a common country responsibly where we all are treated as equals. we need to build a country of peace and equality of which we will be proud of.
    “..Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God”

    Nitin N Varia

  2. ETHIOPIA’S LOST GLORY RECLAIMED BY MAJORITY OVER MINORITY RULING ESTABLISHMENT.

    WILL YOU COLLABORATE IN CELEBRATION OF WELCOMING HAPPY DAYS.

    THE ENLIGHTENED VISION AND DREAM OF BEAUTIFUL ETHIOPIA shall have vibrant DEMOCRACY containing following

    Please join the March to happy days by reading and contemplating what is mentioned

    Nitin varia

    To convene International conference where all opposition parties, civic organisations, religious institutions, respected elders, trade unions and responsible organisations to draw road map for the transitions and come up with “Transitional Charter” for the transition government.
    2. Strong emphasis on national reconciliation and resolution through peaceful means which would avoid further bloodshed and pave for the matured transition.
    3. A council made of all political parties, civic organisations, respected elders, religious leaders, intellectuals, trade union, higher educational institutions representative to be formed.
    4. To avoid further internal struggle and potential bloodshed among these parties, the executive branch of this council which will replace the TPLF ministerial cabinet should be non political aligned respected elders, intellectuals, activists and technocrats.
    The main responsibility of the council and its cabinet should be first and foremost,
    • ensure peace and stability in the country.
    • national reconciliation and peaceful resolution of conflicts and differences.
    • establish commission to investigate the atrocities made by TPLF on the massacres and human right abuses it made in the last 25 years with International organization participation.
    • release of all political prisoners.
    • ensure free press, media and peaceful demonstration
    • establish independent court free from political interference.
    • establish new apolitical police and army. For the time being the current army and police force ( excluding TPLF members and those above the rank of Major) can be considered with addition of opposition armed members to form transitional government police and army forces.
    • bring to justice those who are responsible for the crime committed by the TPLF/ EPRDF.
    • nationalise the economic mafia organisations that belongs to TPLF and its branches …(like EFFORT and others).
    • to compensate those who lost their family members, land and businesses due to TPLF atrocities
    • maintain Ethiopian sovereign territory and continue the developmental works that are of national interest including projects started by previous regime.
    • to create new constitution which treats every citizen equally and ensure the fundamental human right respected and grantee full citizenships with its right and responsibilities.
    • to organise genuine election with in 2 years.
    • to make sure first past the post and also proportional representation election outcome in the new parliament ( ideal for country with different ethnicities and political views, it will deny one party full or 100% control like TPLF))
    • Handover of power to elected government and resolve the council.
    We need the international bodies (UN, OAU, EU, USA, UK and other organisation like Amnesty international, Human Rights and other relevant organisations) to help us during this transition which is also in their best interest.
    For the implementation of such, we need every parties and Ethiopians to be far sighted and work for the better to make TPLF’s regime the last oppressive regime in the history of our country. We have to stand together and treat each other as brothers and sisters of one mother land. We need to be not deflected by selfish motives of ethnicity or religion which we belong to define our common country and future. We need to build a common country responsibly where we all are treated as equals. we need to build a country of peace and equality of which we will be proud of.
    “..Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God”

    Nitin N Varia

  3. THE PARTY,TPLF(Tigrean People Liberation Front)Which is in Power Since 1991, WHO FACILITATE ADVOCATE AND IMPLIMENT THE SESSESSION OF ERITREA FROM ETHIOPIA AND MADE ETHIOPIA LAND LOCKED,IS NOW CRYIG WOLF FOR THE USAGE OF NILE

  4. THE PARTY,TPLF(Tigrean People Liberation Front)Which is in Power Since 1991, WHO FACILITATE ADVOCATE AND IMPLIMENT THE SESSESSION OF ERITREA FROM ETHIOPIA AND MADE ETHIOPIA LAND LOCKED,IS NOW CRYIG WOLF FOR THE USAGE OF NILE

  5. gUYS!!! The country’s enemies are Shabia and poverty!!! Shabia (The government of Issayas Afeworki) must go by force!!! He is the main or the major enemy for the development!!! Eritrea is unrest!!! The government of this country has never been changed until now the rebel sentiments!!! there is no constitution at all!!!

  6. gUYS!!! The country’s enemies are Shabia and poverty!!! Shabia (The government of Issayas Afeworki) must go by force!!! He is the main or the major enemy for the development!!! Eritrea is unrest!!! The government of this country has never been changed until now the rebel sentiments!!! there is no constitution at all!!!

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