Eritrea-Ethiopia border tensions persists due to US meddling – President Afwerki

3 mins read

by Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban

Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki has accused the United States of being the architects of the borderline tension between them and neighbouring Ethiopia.

In a letter addressed to selected heads of states, Afwerki urged his peers to force the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to address what he called “injustices perpetrated against Eritrea.”

“Washington feverishly worked at the time, through the State Department, to drive a wedge between the two peoples who have deep historical and strategic ties in order to foment a crisis and micro-manage the affairs of the Horn of Africa,” he is quoted by state-owned media to have said.

Washington feverishly worked at the time, through the State Department, to drive a wedge between the two peoples who have deep historical and strategic ties in order to foment a crisis and micro-manage the affairs of the Horn of Africa.

He further alleged that despite the border issue having been adjudicated as per the Algiers agreement of 2003, the US continued to interfere unduly with its implementation going as far as to use the UNSC in 2009 to impose sanctions on Eritrea under the pretext that it supported Somalia’s Al-Shabaab insurgents.

Read Aloud:   ESAT Radio Friday March 6, 2015

On April 13, 2002, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) communicated its decision to officially demarcate the border between the State of Eritrea and the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.

The EEBC had been established as part of the Algiers peace agreement overseen by President Abdul Aziz Bouteflika and signed by the leaders of Eritrea, President Isaias Afwerki, and Ethiopia, late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, in Algiers, Algeria on 12 December 2000.

The European Union (EU) signed as a witness alongside the host country, the United States of America, the United Nations and the African Union (then known as the Organisation of African Unity.)

Eritrea got independence from Ethiopia in 1993 after decades of armed struggle. In 1998, the two neighbouring countries fought a two-year long war over their disputed border which claimed the lives of at least 70,000.

The two countries have had tense relations as a peace deal signed in 2000 to end the war has never been fully implemented.

Read Aloud:   SMNE condemns the massacred of Oromo Students, Afar Pastoralists and crackdown on journalists: A Call to Action for All Ethiopians to Stand Strong for a Better Future!:

Addis Ababa accuses Asmara of accommodating persons behind the Amhara and Oromia protests that have swept through the country since November 2015 through to much of 2016. Ethiopia is currently under a state of emergency which was imposed to quell the unrest.

Eritrea often rubbishes claims by Ethiopia – the most recent being an accusation that rebels who set out to attack construction of a flagship dam in Ethiopia were backed by Eritrea.


  1. This is the same outlandish claim I. Afeworki has been making every two or three years. The only difference this time is he says he has “selected heads of states” whom he calls “peers” to support him. Mentions no names of the so called “selected heads of state” though. Maybe they are fictitious.

    Afeworki wrongly thinks accusing the U.S. for the problem of enforcement of the boundary ruling will help his cause. Probably he wants a talk between “equals” namely between him and U.S. president on the boudary issue. In that case, he will have to directly address the U.S. president rather than beg what he called “selected heads of state” to intervene on his behalf. Tell him to muster his courage and try it.

    The “selected heads of state” that are mentioned in the reports as Afeworki’s “peers” are called to “force” the United Nations Security Council to address “injustices perpetrated” on his country? The report shows the degree to which Afeworki is ignorant as to how the Security Council works. To ask “peers” to “force” the Security Council to take his country as an agenda of discussion shows nothing less than ignorance. Information on how the Council works is a click away on the internet. I suggest to Afeworki to check it out for free.

    For years now, Afeworki has shied away from engaging Ethiopia directly beacuse doing that takes a lot of guts, requires to swallow pride and sit to talk. As to me, he can’t resolve the boundary issue without directly engaging Ethiopia.

    The border war was one of his making according to the ruling of the compensation commission and not of the U.S. If he persists on his claim which I understand to be unfounded, he will have to show the evidence which makes the U.S. “the architect of the tension and eventlally the war” between the countries. If he has evidence he can take the U.S. to the ICJ without the need to beg nameless – faceless “selected heads of state” to help him.

    It is true that Ethiopians and Eritreans have deep historical and strategic ties. But isn’t Afeworki who broke these ties after waging civil war which bankrupted both peoples and countries from which they have not recovered to this day? Isn’t him who took his country to a second war which killed and displaced hundreds of thousands and destroyed meagre resources of the poorest peoples of the region? Since when is he awakening to the “historical and strategic ties” between the two peoples? He used to vehmently deny any historcal ties and now he’s admitting that there had been one. He even added “strategic ties” though it is not clear what it means. All the same, I thank him on this point for telling the truth before he passes.

    Unlke what Afeworki claims, the imposition of sanctions on his country by the Security Council has nothing to do with the implementation of the boundary ruling. The Council investigated and found evidence proving his support to Al-Shabaab and imposed sanctions. It has continued renewing the sanctions year after year because Afeworki did not want to change what he doing in the sub-region. The sanctions might have been put forward to the Council by the U.S. but it has nothing to do with the boundary issue. If Afeworki has proof, he should disclose it rather than simply accuse the U.S. for his weaknesses.

    Again, I don’t see resolution to the boundary issue unless Afeworki stops accusing the U.S. for no reason, dare to see eye to eye with Ethiopian officials on implementation related problems. In the meantime, desisting form backing organizations conducting violence in Ethiopia might help.

  2. This person has lost has gone mad. He has lost all his marbles. And he can say anything he wants. Why not? He can do anything he wants to his people. He has methodically castrated and silenced any living or imaginary opponent at home. His method has worked for himself without a hitch but his graduates Sebhat Nega and the gang have not been so successful next door. He can do and say anything he wants to his people and country. He sold the most valuable real estate for which the Eritrean people paid heavy price in making their own to the highest halawa drunk sheik bidder from the Arabian Peninsula. He has subserviently bent over backward to those who see him as such -al-abd, a house nigger!!! I hope he stays content with his own borders clubbing, jailing and killing his own people and leave my people alone. Look what he just did? He had his thuggish throngs stomp on a banner deified by many millions of colored peoples around the globe. He does not give a flying hoot even what his orphans like the G7’s feel about it. Those tri-color banners were the ones in the hands of those heroic and glorious patriots who beat the tar out of an aggressor at Adwa. Those colors were in the hands of my Barentu ancestors along with their Amhara, Tigrayan and other brothers when they galloped to victory on that battlefield. And when they were mowed down by the machine guns of those Askari sell-outs our martyred forefathers were holding those tricolors in their cold hands. Senegalese, Malians, Guineans, Ghanaians, Republic of The Congo people, Guinea Bissau and even Bolivians would be extremely upset about what has been done to their flag colors. But that is him, Al-Toweel Isaias, that eyal-al-souq, that who hatches nothing but what our Amhara brothers and sisters call ‘balegas’ like him. To celebrate Eritrean people’s heroic feat is one thing. I have always been an admirer of their heroic battle to liberate their country but I don’t believe the common Eritrean would approve such beyond the pale behavior by the hoodlums among them. I believe the Eritrean people have a big reason (historical also) to celebrate their independence day. Their problem proved to be what usually follows after a successful violent struggle led by a so-called liberation front, a demonic clique. It seems that Al-Toweel and his cohort firmly believe that they are the ones who created the present day Eritrea and think they are entitled to the first dips. As one Eritrean citizen put it, he has this fear that Isaias and his goons may even tell what is in his mind, what he is thinking in real time. That is, psychologically, debilitating. That is the technique he taught his cousins Sebhat Nega and Meles gang. And these two have been extremely successful in implementing such a total submission in their Tigray fiefdom. There the people praise The Almighty every time Sebhat sneezes and jump jack ass every time he whistles ‘laloye’. Complete and total submission!!! Look at many of them behave even after coming here. They turned themselves hermits and hold meetings and throw parties behind closed doors just Jawar and his cliques are doing with my own Oromos here among the Diaspora. But in Oromia and Amhara regions it has been no dice for Sebhat’s and the gang. Up yours!!! has been what they were told in these two regions.

    I told you not to start with me about this demon, incubator of demons Al-Toweel Isaias. Otherwise, I would not stop telling him off.

  3. Folks,

    Today Al Jazeera reported that “AU called for calm amid Djibouti-Eritrea border tensions” and is sending mission to the area. The U.N. Security Council will also discuss the Eritrea’s invasion on Monday with Ethiopia participating as a member of the Council.

    Eritrea occupied a disputed territory with Djibouti yesterday after Qatar pulled its buffer force that had been deployed in the territory to keep the armies of the two countries separate.

    Eritrea and Djibouti sided with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and their allies in a major diplomatic stand off with Qatar that broke out in the last two weeks. By withdrawing its buffer force from the territory, Qatar ignited an impending conflict between Eritrea and Djibouti.

    It is widely expected that AU and UNSC will order Eritrea to withdraw from the territory it has occupied. If it does not comply with the order, it will be forced out. The only outstanding question is by whom will it be forced? By the U.S., China or Ethiopia or all of them together? I would like to wait and see their actions but cannot reject the temptation to make a guess at the same time.

    Most probably Ethiopia will take this responsibility because I. Afeworki, by invading the territory of Djibouti, has at the same time threatened Ethiopia’s economic interests since Djibouti is Ethiopia’s principal economic in and out-let and its land link to the outside world. I feel that Afeworki will be mistaken if he thinks Ethiopia will play a game of by-stander when Djibouti becomes dysfunctional due to his disruptive invasion.

    More than anything else, Djibouti might rightly expect Ethiopia’s protection. If Ethiopia fails to provide this protection, its place as a stabilizing force and power broker in the sub region will be diminished forcing Djibouti to look for protection from somewhere else. Egypt might be ready to jump in and fill the void that will be created by Ethiopia’s inaction. The worst thing is Egypt will take both Eritrea and Djibouti to the detriment of Ethiopia’s major economic and security interests.

    If Ethiopia ignores this troubling development, Eritrea will do the same to her what it did to Djibouti. Eritrea is already active to distract Ethiopia by sending violent political elements across the border. Afeworki’s plan is to weaken Ethiopia and send its army to occupy the country.

    But Ethiopia is not Djibouti and Afeworki will make a deadly mistake if he tries to repeat on Ethiopia what he did to Djibouti. Sending violent forces across the border to Ethiopia is enough reason to jump on Eritrea.

    Afeworki is done.

  4. Ezih Lefenda,

    I hope your assessment and conclusion will end up being accurate. Djibouti is the most friendly and docile nation in the entire region. Who in his/her right mind wants to pick a fight with such nice people? He can’t even use the extensive shoreline he already owns. He has sold most of it to the Saudis. What he really wants is to provoke a region wide conflict so he can send one of his clunky SU-29’s to bomb Addis(Finfine), the dam and the new port facilities in Djibouti. He is in his 70’s, right? He wants to go home with a bang!!!

    On the other hand, I don’t think Egypt will jump in this reckless behavior. el-Sisi has enough and huge problem at home. Al-Toweel better get his ass out of those mountains pronto. Wait a minute!!! I forgot the ‘mighty’ liberation armies of OLF, ONLF, G7’s and other orphans he has been crowding his palace with. It is a mad, mad, mad world in ‘Piccolo Roma’!!!!

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