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Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan sign declaration of principles to resolve Nile dam dispute

Leaders of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia announce on Monday from Khartoum a tentative solution to disputes over Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance dam
Mariam Rizk , Osman El Sharnoubi , Passant Darwish
Monday 23 Mar 2015

Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi (L), Sudan's President Omar Al-Bashir (C) and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn (R) celebrating after announcing the declaration of principals over disputed Nile dam (Photo: The Egyptian Presidency)
Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi (L), Sudan’s President Omar Al-Bashir (C) and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn (R) celebrating after announcing the declaration of principals over disputed Nile dam (Photo: The Egyptian Presidency)

Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan have signed a declaration of principles on Monday, in a critical step towards resolving a four-year dispute over Nile water sharing arrangements among Basin countries.
The details of the agreement are expected to be announced later.
“For thousands of years, the Nile water has been flowing with God’s order,” El-Sisi told hundreds of Nile Basin delegates who gathered in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum for the announcement of a deal.
“We could cooperate and accomplish great things or disagree and hurt each other…we have chosen to cooperate,” El-Sisi told the audience to strong applause.
El-Sisi said the princilpes agreed upon, icluding understandings on the dam’s storage capacity and the technique of filling its main reservoir,  would safeguard the interests of all three countries
Speaking ahead of Egypt’s president, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegan stressed that the Renaissance dam his country has been building to generate electricity for economic development projects would not cause any harm to the Egyptian people.
“Egypt and the rest of the Nile Basin countries are “one family,” Desalegan said.
“We covered a big step forward by reaching the declaration of principles,” Desalegan said.
Ethiopia chose to take the “collaborative path” on the issue of distribution of the Nile water, he added.
Speaking last, Sudan’s President Omar Al-Bashir stressed on the importance of cooperation to fulfill the development goals of the people of the region.

“You are embarking on an historic move… we have taken praiseworthy steps to reinforce and support trust and inter-connectedness between our peoples,” he said.
Al-Bashir said that the declaration of principles signed by the three countries will be observed by all three, adding that the road has been paved for further talks among all Nile Basin countries to reach a broader agreement.
Egypt’s President El-Sisi had arrived in Khartoum on Monday for eleventh hour talks with Sudan and Ethiopia as the three countries prepare to sign a tripartite agreement on Addis Ababa’s giant Nile dam project.

The three countries have agreed on commissioning an international firm to conduct studies on the impact of the construction of the Ethiopian dam on water flow levels to downstream countries.
In his remarks on Monday, El-Sisi stressed a final agreement would be signed after studies on the dam’s impact have been completed.
On to Ethiopia
On Tuesday, El-Sisi will head to Addis Ababa to conduct bi-lateral talks with Ethiopian authorities.
The Egyptian president is expected to ask the Ethiopian parliament to issue a formal recognition of Egypt’s rights to its share in the Nile water in excgange for Cairo backing Addis Ababa’s economic development project.
Egyptian officials had said any potential deal on sharing the Nile waters and operating Ethiopia’s contested dam, would be binding on the three signatory states.
Egyptian Irrigation Minister Hossam Moghazy stressed any agreement would oblige Ethiopia to amend the dam’s specifications if consultancy studies on the hydroelectric project if the project proves it could harm downstream countries.
For several years, Egypt has raised fears Ethiopia’s under-construction $4.2 billion Grand Renaissance Dam would negatively affect its Nile water share.
The Ethiopian 6,000 megawatt dam, set to be Africa’s largest, is expected to be fully completed by 2017. Ethiopia has finished constructing at least 40 percent of the dam.

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3 Comments

  1. Ethiopia should not or oblige to any Egyptian need this fake and confidence lucked current Ethiopian government before he put signature to any deal should take a discussion and counseling with Ethiopian people whose are in charge building the dame. even in the bible our great fathers David or Solomon before doing something( war) they called advisers and consultant to make a decision so this Ethiopian leaders think not today but tomorrow please do not leave compressed buried exclusive for the next coming generation deal it right now in wise manner not rush rush that leads to crush thank you. take time, meditate take the people with you advising, discussion, listening and decision to make the rest is up to GOd

  2. I wonder why TPLF/EPDRF do not like Ethiopia, but they like to sell Ethiopian land and resources.
    “Egypt and the rest of the Nile Basin countries are “one family,” Desalegan said.
    But Egypt is our number one enemy. since when Egypt becomes our family?.
    “We covered a big step forward by reaching the declaration of principles,” Desalegan said.Yes, you covered a big step to give away poor Ethiopians water to Egypt.
    Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegan stressed that the Renaissance dam his country has been building to generate electricity for economic development projects would not cause any harm to the Egyptian people. It means no even evaporation, I do not know what he is talking about.
    Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegan is a fake P.M he goes to any meeting to prepare for the camera. P.M. why don’t you leave and find another job instead of burying Ethiopians alive and that will take you to haven.
    TPLF/EPDRF, you know what most countries people called us, it is “starved people” but when we try to fight starvation by using our resources some rich countries tell us no, you can not use your resource because it will hurt Egypt, they do not care for Ethiopia. Now they are preparing to bribe Ethiopian government officials and as Egyptian Irrigation Minister Hossam Moghazy stressed any agreement would oblige Ethiopia to amend the dam’s specifications if consultancy studies on the hydroelectric project if the project proves it could harm downstream countries. So this means they will bribe consultants too. Egypt will win, the dam size will be less than what was planned. The only solution left is up to the parliament of Ethiopia. The parliament of Ethiopia please say no to the agreement they signed.
    God be with Ethiopia

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