Tsegaye Tegenu, Ph.D.
In part one I discussed the use of military strategy thinking to resolve economic policy options, conflicts, and dilemmas at the macro level. Most of the time the policy recommendations include human capital development (based on endogenous growth model), export-led growth and liberalization (neoliberal model), green economy (environmentalist approach), sector growth (agriculture and industry), promotion of tourism, etc.
It is important to understand the tradeoffs when we make decisions or accept one of the proposed changes. If we institute a given policy suggestion to make things better in one respect, we are probably making things worse in other respects. There is thus a resource cost and society’s resources are scarce.
Military strategy thinking helps to prioritize so that one can do the right things at the right time. I used Let. General Abebaw Tadesse’s military strategy thinking to know the five hierarchical components used to identify characteristics and priorities of long-term economic prosperity strategy at macro levels. Based on my population growth pressure analysis framework and value, I suggest a one-size-fits-all strategy of “homegrown and bottom-up industrialization”. This integrative strategy has to support sub-strategies (pathways), which I described in the three-legged stool, with each leg of the stool an equally critical component in attaining the goal. Without one of the legs, the stool would fall.
In part one of my presentations, I tried to show how the macro-level strategy thinking of Let. General Abebaw Tadesse’s military helps us to solve policy choice problems and conflicts at the national aggregate level. While the big country-level thinking is important to bring an overall sense of mission, long-term objectives need also micro thinking, a detailed oriented plan, and a process for implementation. In this second part, I will discuss the military strategy thinking at the micro-level based on a speech given by His Excellency Gedu Andargachew, National Security Affairs Advisor to Prime Minister, and former Ethiopian Foreign Affairs Minister and President of Amhara Region. See the link ትንቢቱ ይፈጸማል፣ የትግራይ ወራሪ ሃይል ወሎ ላይ ይቀበራል : ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው ጥብቅ መልዕክት አስተላለፉ / Gedu Andargachew/ Ethiopia
In his speech, Ato Gedu Andargachew started the discussion by summarizing the overall mission of the current war against the TPLF aggressor. He then explained the motives and structural composition of TPLF’s aggression forces. He listed and gave examples of the atrocities and robberies committed by the aggressor. In this respect, he is in line with Let. General Abebaw Tadesse military strategy thinking (components one and two of my part one summary). Both share the same strategic intent. His review of the characteristics and nature of the aggressor shows that an overall sense of mission shared by the audience is the first step in crafting the strategy implementation process. He asked the audience “are you ready to bury the enemy in the land he occupied”. When they replied yes, he asked them how.
His explanation focused on the various processes on how to fight back the human wave attack of TPLF against the Amhara people. He mentioned steps on how to efficiently mobilize and secure the local human manpower and resources to successfully overcome the aggression. Some of the actions and tasks include:
- Organizational Need: he said that our thoughts and actions are fragmented, it conflicts with one another, it is not led systematically and orderly along the same line. All want to revenge but do not listen to one another. All want to be leaders. He gave examples of spontaneous and mob actions that cost lives and resources. Local action groups, if not well organized they can be infiltrated by the enemy to be led to disaster. Hodgepodge campaigns and actions lead nowhere. He said actions without order and planned purpose eats themselves.
- Understanding division of labor and clear purpose in the allocation of resources. There are supporting missions and fighting missions. It is necessary to know who performs which task and the training, knowledge, and structure required to accomplish those tasks. Human wave attacks can only be thwarted and defeated by the national defense and special forces. It is therefore important that the youth join the defense forces in mass to scarify and bury the enemy in the land it occupied. It is only then we ensure our freedom and respect. The task of supporting the mission should be left to the old people.
Ato Gedu Andargachew brilliantly discussed the management and implementation of a military strategy at the local level. He presented case studies of unstructured efforts and underlined the importance of organization, planning, and leadership to coordinate the local people’s struggle against the human wave war of TPLF. The key to a successful strategy is not only an overall sense of mission and but also the management of its implementation.
I consider pervasive poverty and trap of low growth just as the human sea attack of TPLF. It is everywhere in the rural and urban areas attacking the defenseless population. To engage against local poverty there is a need for concentration of fragmented resources, specialization of production, local planning, public and private cooperation. My macro and micro-level strategy is “rapid industrialization by all means, everywhere and through big push”.
Further references on the economic application of Ato Gedu Andargachew’s micro-level military strategy thinking please see