Challenges of Building a United Movement for a Democratic Ethiopia* | Aregawi Berhe, PhD

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A Summary:
The failure of the Ethiopian political opposition forces and civil society movements to act in unison on common ideals of national interest has enabled the dictatorship of the TPLF/EPRDF regime to persist in power through nearly three decades, thereby prolonging the multi facade misery of the Ethiopian people. The daily events in the entire nation are gripping stories of conflicts, death, destruction, looming famine, fear of disintegration and statelessness. These dismal eventualities, by their nature, are the common concerns of every citizen, and above all of every organized political group and civil movement which aspires for a popular change, but which have refrained so far from tackling the lingering burden, collectively.

Failure to forge a generic national vision, a common program of action to translate the vision into a reality and the commitment to adhere to democratic principles agreed upon appears to have been the core factors that are hindering the realization of the cherished dream of a tormented nation. The heeding of these factors, by-and-large, rests on the shoulders of the organized elite, styled in the form of political or civil society assemblage. However, these different elite classes happen to be embroiled in unworthy squabbles some of which are indeed aged grudge against each other or sectarian ambitions, perhaps also ideological fixations, but certainly irrelevant as far as the national issue at stake is concerned.
An urgent and inclusive dialogue on how to end the dictatorship that has brought us to where we find ourselves now and shape the future of our Ethiopia is long overdue. A collective vision that strikes an admissible balance of state-society relationship, accompanied by concerted actions of ending the culture of domination-ridden conflicts, could relieve Ethiopia from the haunting predicaments. This is not remotely placed if the will and sensibility required is evoked.
General Introduction:
Before embarking upon the main topic at hand, let me pose a general fact that has gripped the viability of the last four or five generations of Ethiopia. For most part of the 20th century to this day, the overwhelming majority of Ethiopian people have lived in abject poverty, intermittent wars and degrading backwardness. Recurring famine is still haunting our people; no wonder famine has become the hallmark of Ethiopia. Indeed, no other than the successive repressive governments that manipulated the state power for the benefit of the ruling elite bear the responsibility of damping Ethiopia in such a shady reputation. The Ethiopian state is still a tool of the aggressively reigning ruling class, namely the TPLF/EPRDF that knows no bounds of repression and hence possess neither legitimacy nor accountability.
As no nation can survive without a state nowadays, people within that nation has the duty to install and set in motion a state that safeguards their interest as well as enhance their development. In actual fact, the emergence of the historical state was meant for the wellbeing of the concerned people. Thus, without a state based on the peoples will and influence, collective engagement in politics, stability, continuity of peace and progress were unthinkable.
In the Ethiopian case, a state of and for the people has never existed. There is not even an equivalent word for the notion of a state in the Ethiopian languages. This is why the state is often, if not always, mixed up with the notion of government. Let me use this opportunity to introduce the word MENSIH (መንስህ) for the concept state in order to elicit the dichotomy of government and state. We can still call a government as usual MENGIST (መንግስት) and coin a word for a state MENSIH (መንስህ) which I tailor from system of people’s governance, (i.e. መንግስታዊ ስርኣተ ህዝብ).
Delineating the conceptual differences between a state (MENSIH), i.e. the general system of governance on the one hand, and a government which is a body responsible for the execution of specific policies on the other, is absolutely necessary; in that the state is the system of governance created by people to meet the requirements of life, while a government is a section within the state that manages the state apparatus in a given span of time. Relatively gauged, the state constitutes a permanent set of institution while a government is an ephemeral power of implementation. Hence, the state stands as a collective power above both the government and the governed until a conscious civil society outsmarts it role and finds it redundant.
The conscious elements of the society in general and the elite of political forces and civil movements in particular, when united under such indispensable project, can play a decisive role in setting up a legitimate state of the people. Under such a state, governments can be scrutinized, while appropriation and transfer of political power to run a government could be peaceful and orderly, wherefore socio-economic progress should not be hampered. In a nutshell, a legitimate state by and for the people is a sine qua non of a stable and industrious society; such a state, with all the attendant institutions of governance, should be set in place by the combined efforts of all concerned actors before running for power.  This is one basic challenge for all the opposition social groups in Ethiopia upon which their survival and sway in turn would be meaningful. Such a state can only be a product of the collective will of the national components and not the wish of one or two individuals or parties.
Why is Ethiopia in Deep Crisis and heading towards State Collapse? What is the Standing of the Opposition?
No one disputes that contemporary Ethiopia is fast drifting into unprecedented disaster, with widespread ramifications of conflicts and total anarchy. Even the TPLF ruling class, in its recent congress declaration, with half-baked admission of guilt, has made it abundantly clear that the deep crisis is rampant. The point of contention however is providing a correct analysis of the root causes of the surging anarchy and implementing the right remedies. As the saying goes “correctly identifying a problem is half way the solution”. To the TPLF/EPRDF, such an approach is alien.
As we inspect the crisis, it is for all to see that three agents stand out as the main factors that stalled the future of Ethiopia and also contributing to the sliding of this country to uncharted political terrain. These actors are a) the TPLF/EPRDF regime, b) the foreign powers catering for repression, and c) the opposition itself. Indeed these actors appear independent of each other and may have conflicting interests, yet in prolonging the misery of the Ethiopian people, intentionally or unintentionally, they are on the same footing. Let us briefly see them one by one:
1st. The most hideous actor in the trauma is the TPLF/EPRDF ruling class. This ruling clique has instituted a vicious dictatorship of the worst type and continuously inflicted untold sufferings upon the entire people. More so, it is adamant to pursue this path, perhaps until it burns itself out. Since much has been said and written about the character and fate of this moribund regime, I will not spend time reiterating the obvious but only say that this regime has to go and the sooner the better.
2nd. Equally, responsible for the predicaments the Ethiopian people are undergoing is the band of foreign powers who has enable such a vindictive regime to remain in power, and also by posing every imaginable impediment against the struggle for justice. Knowing that it is a tyrannical regime, the foreign powers especially the USA, the UK and nowadays China who still finance, arm, advice and, train the ruling clique are no less guilty in the acts of collusion against our country. This unholy alliance with the EPRDF has to stop, and can only stop when we as opposition forces and civil movements in unison mobilize our people and stand consistent in the struggle for our collective rights.
3rd.   The third factor is the opposition itself. By opposition I am referring to the category of all organized or unorganized citizenry that is opposed to the regime in power and its arch patrons. Of course, in this category of opposition, the organized political groups and civil movements stand out as the body where the heavier chunk of the responsibility lies. Failing to unity in order to create a formidable force of the people which could have compelled the regime in power to surrender its unwarranted control and also turn the scale of the foreign powers is the grim reality we are facing these days. Can this grim reality be reversed? Of course yes, but only if the will and determination to abide by collective principles is alive.  If this path can bring an end to the regime which is causing so much misery, why are we, the members of the broad opposition, unable to stand up to the formation of united force that could lead us to the desired change? It is this third factor of opposition groups that requires profound scrutiny, if we are to come out of the quagmire we are drowning.  Unless the numerous opposition, in and outside the country, put themselves in the right shape and order i.e. pulling into a united movement based on general principles of a democratic system and worthy of registering the success our people deserve, the whole country will continue to bleed and the worst may come.
The Nature of the Opposition and the Looming Challenges:
Evidently speaking, in the Ethiopian political culture, pluralism had no place and therefore opposition or party politics was considered anomalous and illegal. Monarchic, militarist and separatist individual leaders, with all sorts of claims and demagogy, have been determining the fate of million. This political culture is still alive as one can observe in the inner workings of many political organizations and among ourselves.
In this cultural milieu, seizure of power through brute force has been the order of the day and still is the case, the main reason being regimes in power allow no alternative means of political engagement other than the usual monopoly. The TPLF/EPRDF regime seized power in this manner and bows to continue in power that way. There exists no political space for opposition parties to operate or for dissenting view to be expressed. Let us leave the case of the tyrant regime for the moment as it is and instead focus on the opposition.
The regressive political culture we alluded to above in so many ways has permeated through most of the opposition groups and is reflected in a number of instances, regrettably deranging the harmony of working together for a common cause. For the benefit of clarity, let us refer to some instances of the backward cultural manifestations in which the opposition is drowned.

  1. In the name of unity, many tend to deny our diversity, and with that denial the attendant rights are negated. Conversely, in the name of secession, it has become common to deny the merits of unity and the progress it entails. In both cases, denial feeds dissonance and propagates uncalled-for conflicts within the opposition and beyond.
  2. Many opposition elements believe their political position is the ultimate truth and hence leave no room for alternative opinions. Still worse, holders of an alternative line of thought are treated as enemies, in most cases condemned to perish. This notion puts every group in a spiral discord which in turn diminishes the viability of each group to work with others.
  3. Many lay all their trust on individual leaders, rather than on worthy ideas that could take them through thick and thin. They forget that it is an idea or a set of ideas that moves millions in one or the other direction towards a desired goal. When an individual leader takes a hegemonic position by discounting the idea that mobilized people, democracy shrinks and dictatorship succeeds, even at the level of opposition.
  4. There are those who put individual or organizational interest before and even at the cost of national or people’s interest, although they profess the other way. In such instances, the process of collective bargaining suffers most, mutual confidence is shattered and groups live in perpetual clash, imagined or real.
  5. Failure to differentiate between a people and a ruling class deranges the alliance of oppressed people and the preponderant principles that could have unified opposition groups. The dire consequence of this miscarriage is that the oppressive regime gets emboldened by exploiting the mistaken views of the opposition.
  6. Incapacity to master the differences between tactics and strategy have also put the opposition at loggerheads. Peaceful struggle, armed struggle or civil disobedience being different forms of contention, their strategic goal could be one and the same if tuned in to the collective cause. If the goal is defined as an inclusive democratic system, the different forms of struggle are not asymmetrical liabilities, instead they are complementary assets that enhance the progress of a struggle if they are coordinated by an apt unified body.
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What I have enumerated above are only a few of the pitfalls the opposition groups are encountering and need to undo them, if a formidable united force that could unseat the regime in power and transform the Ethiopia society into a system of democracy is envisaged. It is such drawbacks and the likes that is dwarfing the opposition from appearing tall and vibrant.
All those pitfalls could find explanation in one general abstraction, namely backward political culture. A political culture of win-all, instead of win-win. This mind-set is a critical stumbling block along the path to unity of thought and action, especial in a diverse society like ours. This backward political culture has so many ramifications and one can see it reflected even in our routine encounters. It is common to hear absolutist interjections like “I know! I am correct! Accept my way, if not you are an enemy condemned to perish!, etc. ”. Such notions are ingrained in our psychics and bubble out at critical moments no matter how we pretend as democrats. Let me cite one or two commonly raised but sensitive examples: one can say “I do not support this type of Ethiopia unity, but that one”, or on the other hand one may say, “secession is not a solution to a political problem”, still another can say Moslems were oppressed in contemporary Ethiopia”. In such many instants, the opponent will jump to bitter condemnation amounting to annihilation, instead of engaging the former in a civil argument that could influence his/her, perhaps ill thought positions. Therefore the need to dump away this backward political culture which is the fertile ground for all our misgivings is one of the central challenges to all of us in general and to the opposition groups in particular, if building a united movement is to be a reality.
Breaking the Impasse:   
Despite the absence of a broad-based organization with a coherent vision to lead the struggle of a diverse society, the Ethiopian people have been fighting for their rights in different ways and means for more than two and half decades. Those who hold the perception that the people have not been fighting are out of range from the realities on the ground. The people have been bleeding here and there across the country. The bitter fact, however, is that there was no coordination among the remotely dispersed revolts, and this deficiency enabled the ruthless regime to crash all the isolated movements one at time. This regrettable fact highlights the missing role a unified opposition should have played.
Therefore we can emphatically contend that the lingering impasse can be overcome, if a united opposition emerges sooner than later. Couldn’t we lay the ground for its emergence right here? Why not? At least, we can reach a solid consensus upon which all opposition forces could stand on the same common platform. Let us conclude and stand firm on our resolution that all viable opposition forces come together, lay their positions on the table and reach a consensus on the common objectives of dismantling dictatorship and establishing a system for all. If there is the will and the determination to act on the agreed on objectives, our collective goal can be achieved in no time.
Let me conclude by citing three compelling quotes relevant to our situation. The first one is from Antonio Gramsci reflecting on the crisis of 1930s Europe: ”The disorderly and chaotic energies must be given a permanent form and discipline, transform itself into an organized society that can educate itself, gain experience and acquire a responsible consciousness of the obligations that fall to classes achieving state power“.
The second is from Gebre Hiwet Bykedagn, reflecting on 1910s Ethiopia: “If there are people who collectively seek the path to development, the process cannot be hampered by wicked men. Similarly, for people who do not aspire it, development cannot be acquired because of some individuals. So there is one way for peoples’ development, and if they ignore this way and seek another one, the people will perish“(translated by Tenkir Bongar).
Finally, the 3rd is from Shengo, reflecting on contemporary Ethiopia: “Scattered and individual struggles, likely fall-pray to the enemy or end up in transferring power from one small group to another by excluding the great majority, but never can bring gratifying change“(translated by this author).
Finally, the Ethiopian People’s Congress for United Struggle (SHENGO), since its formation in 2012 and as its name connotes, has made it abundantly clear that it stands anticipating to engage in a preponderant treaty that could help us all break the prevailing impasse and chart the path to an auspicious future. I assure you, we are on board to embark upon a collective undertaking that could liberate our people.
*This paper was presented at the Frankfurt – Ethiopia Futures Conference, 9th and 10th December 2017 by Dr. Aregawi Berhe, SHENGO Council Member.

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  1. Aregawi Berhe is the founding father of TPLF, and all other thugs are descendents of him implementing the divide-and-rule adminitrative system adopted from colonizers.
    How come this evil minded anti-Amhara and racist man, filled with inferiority complex, and hatred, has the miral and attitude to think about united people, Ethiopia and Ethiopianism. He is an opportunist leftover so many miles behind. All Ethiopians know he was the mastermind of all TPLF sons of beach who are tjiese days putting the innocent Ethiopians under economic and political crisis. He will be charged with massive genocides on the welkait and amhara people in the 1970 and 80s.

  2. Aregawi Berhe,
    You do not have any conscience, do you? sorry I forgot there are no words like Conscience and Yilignta in Tigrigna.
    The manifesto “bulid Tigre at the Grave of Amara” was written while you were the chairman of the devil TPLF. So, whom are you preaching now?
    Why Holland is not locking this for life like the derg Alemu?

  3. Aregawi Berhe,
    You do not have any conscience, do you? sorry I forgot there are no words like Conscience and Yilignta in Tigrigna.
    The manifesto “bulid Tigre at the Grave of Amara” was written while you were the chairman of the devil TPLF. So, whom are you preaching now?
    Why Holland is not locking this dud for life like the derg Alemu?

  4. Argawi is not forthcoming. He is a member of Shengo but yet he represent unidentified individuals of Tigrians Alliances for National Democracy
    established 1995 according to Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
    All this years TAND under his leadership couldn’t put up a decent website to identify TPLF criminals killing and robbing Ethiopians. But, he comes on every opportunity to tell us the same thing over and over again.
    I think he is now playing Siyes’ role to dismantle the united force hiding behind Shengo banner. Looking at Shengo website to figure out who they are and what they do is embarrassing to say the least.

  5. Aregawi, you are dying with your inferiority complex building a cocoon in your head. Goodbye. You lived feeding on hatered, and you are now but a bag of bones. We know you in and out, and you are still vomiting your contents like the infamous Hydra. Get off the picture where freedom is painting its destiny.

  6. I agree with Jmj above that Dr. Aregawi Berhe was one of the creators of the evil group. He invested ideas, and organized their fighters laying the foundation of ethnic nationalism with ingraved hatred to Amaras. Why did he and his comrades teach that Amaras are number one enemy of Tigres? One reason is, they could not see the difference between Amara people in general and the few co-holders of power and wealth using the Amharic language. The other reason is that unless they did that they would not have got revengful and bitter fighters.
    It took Aregawy 40 years to realize,and write, “Indeed no other than the successive repressive governments that manipulated the state power for the benefit of the ruling elite bear the responsibility of damping Ethiopia in such a shady reputation.”
    Aregawi says one of our backward political cultures is my way or no way that, “Such notions are ingrained in our psychics and bubble out at critical moments no matter how we pretend as democrats.” Sadly Aregawi exposed himself as the best example of this disease by telling us the best way to success is to pass through the proposals of SHENGO, in which he the council member. HEDO HEDO ENZECH!!
    I do not agree with Jmj who wrote that Aregawi doesn’t have the moral ground to “…think about united Ethiopia.” Some human beings learn and change through time. I think, Aregawi is one of them. He has forwarded some palatable proposals about the need of the oposition to come to terms and form some unity of mind to break and weaken the divid and hit tactic of the fascist regime. If he dissociates himself from the Mafias, let us embrace him instead of alienting him. One day he may wake up and may repent, apologize and write the details how to reverse the hatred that he inculcated into one generation of Tigres to hate Amaras.

  7. This man is one of those satanic gangs. He is still part of the killing machine. He is spy for TPLF.
    He may talk this and that but trust him not!!!!!! He is not jenuine.
    He is criminal.

  8. Jmi, challenge him with him article concept. Calling name is not a solution.
    Dr. Aregawi, Dr. Dema, Dr. Beyan, Prof. Tekola Hagos. Prof. Al, etc are a national intellectuals if not pls list for me. For any past wrong doing let a democratic Ethiopia judge them.

  9. It is funny when the founder and chairman of this fascist TPLF is telling us Ethiopia is in deep crisis. No shame at all from Tigrains!!

  10. Aregawi was one of the student movement political activist and TPLF founder with challenges and difference of EPRP. He has strengths and weaknesses as each of us; but he is also a hero and a huge political figure that no one can denial it. Also we need old OLF hero like Dr. Dema, Lencho, Dr. Beyan with rich and wide political history and experience.
    Now I have to be open, the Amhara “political elite” is the problem; power hunger Chauvinists. You are trying to hide the damage from Menilke, Haileselassie, and the Mengistu and put it on others. It never work and it will not work. Because of you look the damage with Eritrea. You have one choice to work hand on hand with Tigre and Oromo if not you are just a looser.
    Aregawi is presenting his view what is you r alternative view? Work on this, anything else the Ethiopian people know all and will be at the court verdict not corrupt like you individuals.

    • Laikun,
      Your argument that one is a hero because of his involvement in the student movement of the 60s is idiotic (the idea not you personally). Aregawi is not a hero. He is a narrow nationalist and opportunist who is fully responsible for the rise of TPLF through the disguise of Ethnic federalism. He and Meles are responsible for bringing the national question (Ethnic problem) from the secondary to the primary political question of Ethiopia.
      When many Ethiopian multi-ethnic organizations (such as EPRP, MEISON, etc.) paid heavy price to solve Ethiopia’s multi layer problem through multi ethnic democratic Ethiopia, Aregawi, Meles, and their cronies were arguing for ethnic identity and ethnic division. They brought the ethnic issue to the forefront with the motive of politically dominating and economically looting the rest of Ethiopia. They killed the multi Ethnic solution for ever.
      Now, the way out for a stable, democratic, and economically prosperous Ethiopia is, through the democratic coalition of the OROMO and the AMHARA peoples, organizations, and political entities. These 2 ethnic groups compromise over 75 percent of the population of Ethiopia. They are the only two groups that are intermingled more than any other. The alliance of these two ethnic groups in the past has created the most stable period of Ethiopian history. Therefore the democratic unity of these two groups is the only way out of the current minority ethnic group, TPLF domination. Time has run out for any other solution. Ethiopia’s ethnic Genie was let out of the bottle by Aregawi, Meles, and their cronies. It is the Oromo and Amhara’s ethnic groups responsibility to form democratic alliance, take full control of Ethiopia to build democratic, just, stable and prosperous Ethiopia to bury the Ethnic Genie back in the bottle.
      Aregawi is not a hero. He and his ideas are irrelevant for tomorrow’s Ethiopia. Aregawi, as the famous 20th century journalist, John Swinton said, is ‘intellectual prostitute’ that sold his soul (not his body) to promote the selofish interests of TPLF millionaires.

      • ክ26 ዓመታት በፊት ደብረብርሃን ላይ ካባ ተለብሶ የተባለውን መድገሙ ይጠቅማል ብለህ ነውን?
        ከ26 ዓመታት በፊትም አልተሳካም፣ አሁንም አይሳካም፣ ለወደፊቱም አይሳካም:: እርግብ ሁኑልኝና እባብ ልሁንባችሁ ነው እያልክ ያለሄው! ቅንጅትም ብረታችሁን ስጡንና እንግደላችሁ ብሎ ተማፅኖን ነበር እኮ! እስከዚያን ጊዜ ግን ሽሩባ የተቆነነችን አዲስ አበባ ዘንዳ ታክሲ እንዳትሳፈር በወያላ አድርጎ ያሰናክል ነበር፣ ከዚህ የመንፈስ ድህነት የምትፈወሱበት ቀን ያምጣላችሁ!
        እባብነትን አጥፍተንና ተግባብተን እያንዳንዱ ኢትዮጵያዊን ለእኩልነት ባለመብት ለመሆን ለማብቃት ያድርሰብ!
        ፍቅር ጥላቻን ያሸንፋል! ምድረ ፅየንም ግዛቶችዋንና ወደቦችዋን ለማሰባሰብ ያብቃት፣ አሜን!

  11. A few of you are joking and wasting your time and others as well. I went through Dr. Aregawi’s paper it needs deep study and examining to comment on it. If you guys have a problem with a Tigrean writer say it loudly. If not present your critics who I love to read it. If not your cheuvinism and arrogant ego behavior has to stop. We know you very well. Your time is over. You are just part of the problem instead of part of the solution.

    • Lemlem,
      Aregawi’s paper is not deep and does not need any study or examination. Furthermore it is irrelevant for the current political environment.
      Ethiopians know very well how to form alliance. For years we thought we can form a democratic Ethiopia through a non ethnic (or multi ethnic) coalition. This framework was based on the analysis that Ethiopia’s Ethiopia’s Ethnic differences/ethnic question is secondary to the economic and political questions. Many Ethiopian multi-ethnic organizations (such as EPRP, MEISON, etc.) paid heavy price to build a multi ethnic democratic Ethiopia to solve the economic and ethnic problems. Aregawi, Meles, and their cronies argued differently. They brought the ethnic issue to the forefront with the motive of politically dominating and economically looting the rest of Ethiopia. They killed the multi Ethnic solution for ever.
      Now, the way out to build a stable, democratic, and economically prosperous Ethiopia is only through the democratic coalition of The OROMO and the AMHARA peoples, organizations, and political entities. These 2 ethnic groups compromise over 75 percent of the population of Ethiopia. They are the only two groups that are intermingled more than any other ethnic group. The alliance of these two ethnic groups in the past has formed the most stable period of Ethiopian history. Therefore the democratic unity of these two groups is the only way out of the current one ethnic group, TPLF domination. Time has run out for any other solution.
      Aregawi and his opportunist demagogue are irrelevant. Aregawi, as the famous 20th century journalist, John Swinton said, is ‘intellectual prostitute’ that promotes the narrow interests of TPLF millionaires.

  12. Aregawi Berhe
    The founding father of TPLF and the god father of the current racist and ethno-apartheid minority Tigrean ruling party.
    You will never and ever return to your home country.
    You are simply wasting your time with a mask cover pretending to fight for unity, democracy and human rights.
    Your countless crimes against the Ethiopian people especially the Amhara people of Welkait, Tsegede and North Gondar will not and can’t be forgotten by the generations to come.
    If you get a rare chance to return homeland, you will be the first person to be executed in the public arena.
    It is purely your evil-master mind that created these worst divide-and-rule system of administration that stands for and by only one minority ethnic groug of Tigrea, thereby impoverishing the 95% of the people of Ethiopia.
    Aregawi Berhe, as the source of the current crisis, couldn’t have the morals to stand with the majority of the people fighting for democracy, justice and freedom.

  13. Aregawi Berhe – you are an old dog, your time is over, and you better continue to enjoy the the rest of your short life in exile with all your dreams.
    You will be the first person to be charged with genocide and crimes against humanity if you happen to get a chance to return home country. I am sure you won’t get this chance, and you will finish up your life in exile.

  14. Dr Aregawi, please do get frustrated by name callings and negative thinkers. These group of who try to judge people based on past work do not know what a human being are. We all made mistakes we all learn and turn to the right things. Do whatever you can withing the time God gave you. Go for peace go for unity go for democracy go for equality.

  15. Aregawi,
    If you are in dementia, let Araya Gebre Medhin tell you what you have been doing!!!
    You must live in hell with the devil. The devil must be surprised to see one who outsmarts him in evil.
    How evil you are!!! You still on your deathbed spit oit your venom!
    Delete yourself!!!

  16. Thank you Dr. Aregawi for your time and effort.
    I don’t know anything about Dr. Aregawi’s past and present. So, I will focus on his article. His article is a good one. It talks about a united and organized opposition groups to replace the failed tyrannical TPLF/EPRDF which is spot on. Moreover, the more Ethiopian people and groups that are against criminal TPLF/EPRDF, the merrier, the beautiful and the fantastic. Those who jump the sinking TPLF/EPRDF ship to join the patriotic freedom democracy loving ethiopian warriors are warmly welcomed.
    The fact that he was the father of and supporter of TPLF in the past but now he is not is A VERY POSITIVE THING. When one of the founders of TPLF says the organization I founded and conceived is trash, complete failure and piece of sticking shit then IT IS TRASH, COMPLETE FAILURE and PIECE OF STICKING SHIT. SO, TPLF/EPRDF IS DEAD. LONG LIVE TPLF/EPRDF.

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