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Breaking: Ethiopia engaging Ogaden Liyu Police in Somali

9

Teshome M. Borago

After Ogaden’s Liyu Police leader Abdi Mohamoud Omar tried to massacre his regional opponents and Somali elders in Dire Dawa City, Ethiopian Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed reportedly ordered his arrest on Friday. This has triggered a massive security vacuum and crisis in Ethiopia’s Somali region, according to local media.

The situation is tense and could potentially lead to an all out war between loyalists of Abdi Mohammed and the local Somalis aided by the Ethiopian federal government. Many non-Somalis have been attacked by Liyu Police and churches burned down, according to residents.

Relations between new Ethiopian Prime Minister Dr. Abiy and the Liyu Police regional President Abdi were already sour, since Liyu Police was seen as an extension of the TPLF security network in the country. But after Human Rights Watch (HRW) published a report condemning massive abuses by Liyu Police, Abdi Mohammed, known locally as “Abdi I Illey” was asked to resign by Addis Ababa. The proceedings were put on hold due to Dr. Abiy’s trips to Eritrea and the United States.

For many years, Abdi Illey’s human rights abuses were concealed by the TPLF generals and the Somali Diaspora media, including VOA Somali and BBC Somali. Various sources have confirmed that Abdi Illey has nationalist allies and ONLF members inside the VOA and BBC Somali stations; due to their shared long-term project known as “Somaliweyn,” to secede Somali region from Ethiopia.

After the Oromo faction of the ruling party, allied with the Amharas, took over the Ethiopian government, the TPLF has also reportedly advised Abdi Illey to use Article 39 of the constitution toward a referendum for secession. This strategy was seen as TPLF’s last resort to portray chaos in Ethiopia, as a pretext to reverse their marginalization or toward military coup.

However, facing political and legal crisis due to reports of human rights abuses in Ogaden with ramifications at an International criminal court, Abdi Illey suddenly pointed his finger at TPLF’s chief officer Getachew Asefa and other former Tigrayan military officials.

Isolated from all sides in Ethiopia, including local Somalis, Abdi Illey has suddenly declared war on the federal government, including his attempted assassination of Somali elders and politicians this week.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Another dimension of this conflict has been tribal territorial battles between Somali and Oromo nationalists. Around 420 wards and districts were contested between Oromia and Somali states when the TPLF & OLF established the infamous “Ethnic Federalism” system in 1990s. Some of these districts are also contested by the Sidama, another ethnic community. Out of the 420, over 300 areas were awarded to Oromia, which angered some Somalis and continue to be the cause of ethnic clashes to this day.

These tribal battles are also related to historic migration of both ethnic groups and their interaction over the past 600 years. Some Somalis blame the migration of Oromos since 1500s as an incursion to their land, as Oromos moved east and gradually adopted Islam.
After a mostly Somali army led by Imam Ahmad and the Ottomans invaded the Christian parts of northern Ethiopia (formerly Abyssinia) in 1530s, the northern movement of Oromos led to massive demographic changes and new settlements in the Horn of Africa. While the ethnic makeup of most of the region was being permanently shaped, the eastern Ethiopian areas remained contested due to scarcity of resources and the pastoral nature of its communities. While there was no agreement on boundaries locally, European powers nonetheless began drawing lines and dividing the region among themselves.

All countries in this African region became composed of multiethnic communities, with the only exception of Somalia, which was made up of only one ethnic group. This reality became an existential threat, a foundation of many conflicts to come, including the Ogaden War of 1977, as Somalia became a pariah state that continually wages wars on all its neighbors: including Kenya, Ethiopia, Somaliland and Djibouti.

9 Comments

  1. Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali must act very quickly proactively against the destabilizing elements of the defunct TPLF security apparatus. TPLF is not powerless yet.Some members of TPLF accept the change where as the others don’t accept it. So it is important to shake-up and reform all institutions such as national intelligence service, the Police, and the army. It is better to have federal police which represents all Ethiopians instead of allowing regions to have their own local militia like Special Milia of Abdi Illey as power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Therefore, checks and balances must be there for every institutions and these institutions must serve all Ethiopian people, but not corrupt individual leaders or they should not be party loyalists, they must be sworn loyalist to uphold and protect the constitution, rule of law and order.

  2. There are rumors that ONLF is readily participating the next Somali regional administration in Ethiopia without condition. If this is true, there will be serious questions about the ONLF principles of the freedom struggle. ONLF carried out guerrilla fight against Ethiopia more than 27 consecutive years that it inherited by two rebels fought for self-determination to the Ogaden region, before ONLF with similar principles. In truth, the ONLF’s first basic principle is self-determination to reach that it has to follow the simplest one in two options; gun-bullet or political dialogue. ONLF claims always that it was the force to fight in 1994 that caused a great loss to human beings, asset, political disturbance and sabotaging the economic development to the region.

    If rumors are true then the ONLF organization and its supporters will be traitors breached basic principles of our struggle. For sure Ethiopia will prosecute later to bring the criminal justice for causing great loss the country in the name of freedom fighters.

    Freedom struggle led by ONLF supported entirely by the Somalis in the Ogaden. For this in favor, Ethiopian military forces and its puppet militia called Liyu Police carried out collective punishment to the civilian. They burnt over sixty

    Ethiopia is the only black colonial nation colonizing illegally to another black nation. As well as Ethiopia indirectly colonizes the African Union that represent the African nations to live in freedom and harmony. Unfortunately, the center of the African Union is in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia where the union still using constitution based on the ideology of the white colonialism. African Union unable to demarcate in the colonialists’ problematic border divided inhomogeneous people and then, placed in an exogenous group those share nothing.

    Ethiopia’s new leader will rule in his country with similar policy guided by previous leaders which base on colonialism and discrimination. The question of Ogaden occupation will go back to the colonial era of the British empire in the nineteenth century. Ending the British Empire’s colonialism system in Africa left the continent border confusion, Africa itself unable to adjust mess up borders for this the Ogaden people have been suffering over a century under Ethiopian colony.

    ONLF has remained the biggest threat to Ethiopia for the last twenty-seven years for demanding an independence to the Somali region (known Ogaden region). ONLF never labeled or registered internationally as a terrorist group, but it was recognized warriors fighters for the freedom Ogaden region.

    To benefit financially and militarily Ethiopia persuades America taking front-line role fighting terrorism active in the horn of African. Unfortunately, Ethiopia labeled its oppositions and freedom fighter as terrorist groups, the government put in jails hundred thousands of the local activist.

    New prime minister of Ethiopia released entire prisoners and issued declaration removing the list of terrorists opposition groups and freedom fighters. Prime mister of Ethiopia called recently ONLF peace talk and to participate reconstruction of the country.

    Furthermore, as we have had the experience to the Ethiopian secretive culture Abiye will be honest talk he called ONLF

  3. Dear Ethiopian Somalia people,

    what is the intention and ultimate goal of this murdering, humanitarian crime and others? Ethiopians are your intimate friends & close allies when you have been faced cryonic problems in history. Even referendum don’t benefit the majority of poor & disadvantage people as it infavor of governing bodies. so watch out!!

    Don’t be a victim and risk takers of others. What ever crime & murdering done, no body can be out of behind a curtain & truth of honest people.

    Another big mistake is that Federal government was reluctant to take immediate action and secure peace & security in the region. This is a big historic cries.

    Whatever it is no body can be out of a curtain. Why a Federal government ask and hold those who commit crime, even the president to jail & those who are involved on genocide and maladministration.

    Unless this action done the fate of Ethiopia is in danger.

    Please, please let’s work for our brain. Present Dr. Abyi government has a responsibility if not your great work in Ethiopia may get risk.

    Hoping you and your team do great job.

  4. Well written.

    What is the role of Medias behind the curtain?

    This crisis is one of a massive murdering & violation of human right in history.
    Those who involved directly or indirectly and participated for the crisis should be accountable. This an outcome of ignoring a report made many times by Human right organizations.

    Another disregard & chaos is a shameful act of local & international media. Specially local medias. Why you provoke innocent people? It was your responsibility to publicize the crimes. Are you in favor of or against Dr. Abyi motto? Investigate yourself and be side of people.

    Anyway change of media on the present regime is still under question. Present government has also many works to solve chronic issues in the area.

    Taking the power of Abdi Illey & his local militias is a prior solution but cutting his wings and working with peoples have to be a subsequent action.

    Long live to Ethiopia!!

  5. What is the role of media behind the curtain?

    This crisis is one of a massive murdering & violation of human right in history.

    Those who involved directly or indirectly and participated for the crisis should be liable. This is an outcome of ignoring a report made many times by Human right organizations.

    Another disregard & chaos is a shameful act of local & international media. Specially local Medias. Why you provoke innocent people? It was your responsibility to publicize the crimes. Are you in favor of or against Dr. Abyi motto? Investigate yourself and be side of people.

    Anyway change of media on the present regime is still under question. Present government has also many works to solve chronic issues in the area.

    Taking the power of Abdi Illey & his local militias is a prior solution but cutting his wings and working with peoples have to be a subsequent action.

    Long live to Ethiopia.

  6. TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN/DEAR SIR MADAM/IWOULD LIKE TO INFORM/ALL ETHIOPIA GOV/AND RESIDENT OF ETHIOPIA/IAM AFORMER/APILOT/IN AMILTARY GOV OF ETHIOPIA/AND FIRST/IN AMENTIONED/PERSON IN ANEW/POLICE/AND JAMBARUG/IN IN ETHIOPIA TROOPS/IN GOV/DURING ZANAWE/PRESENT/IN PM/IN ETHIOPIA/IWORL ALOT IN GOV OF ETHIOPIA AND NJOS/IWORK ALOT/IN EXPERENCE GOV APILOT/AIR TRAVELLING/UROPES/AND AFRICA/IDEVOLOPED/THE COUNTRY OF ETHIOPIA AND TO GIVE PEACE AND DEVOLPVENT IN THE NATION/INCLUDINGS/THE ROLES AND MY REGULATIONS/OF MILTARY/IN APILOT/IGOT ALOT OF FUCTORIES/AND COPANIES/AND APRIVATES/SHOOLS/AND LOGES/AND FARMERS/AND ANIMALS/AND/CAMELS GOATS/SHEEPS/DONKEYS/IWAS ONE THE PERSON IN ARICH/IN THE COUNTY/OF ETHIOPIA/SINCE FROM MY WEALTHOF TRANSPORTATION/OF VEHCLES/COMPANY IBELONGS TO ME AND IWORK IN GOV/OF ETHIOPIA/IAM TO DAY IN ADEATH PERSON/AND HUNGRY/FROM MY WEALTH/MY BLOOD BECOME ACONTRACT/AND ABUSSINESS/IAM IN SECURITY PROBLEMS/IN ABUBLICS AND GOV OF KENYA/IAM IN APARLISED/FROM BRAIN HEALTH/AND IN TROUBLE IN ALIFE/ICANT TO TRAVELLING ANY APLACE ALREADY MY IDENTY CARD WAS BEEN TAKEN BY ABUBLICS TOWN IN ISIOLO/KINDLY ETHIOPIA GOV ASSIST ME

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